American HornbeamAmerican Hornbeam leaves

American Hornbeam
(Carpinus caroliniana)

Small grove, along left (eastern) side of path, about 200 feet from north entrance, Littlefield Ornamentals Trial Garden, Rangeley Road

Map and directions

  • Occurs in Maine mainly west of the Penobscot River in the southern third of the state; small, slow-growing, low-maintenance deciduous tree, hardy in many zones.
  • Light brown winged nutlets (fruit) dangle in clusters, maturing in October.
  • Used by early Americans for bowls, tool handles and ox yokes in part because wood takes a “horn-like” polish.
  • Tree also known as musclewood probably because wood is extremely hard and strong, and trunk is fluted or ridged (muscle-like).