Welcome to your classroom
You and your classmates will gain laboratory, computational and field skills, preparing you for a future career in the geosciences. The diverse geology of Maine reveals a complex history of volcanism, continental collision, ancient oceans, recent glaciers, and active waterways. Researching issues of natural resource management, water quality, sea level rise, and the impacts of climate change on agriculture are just some of the ways students and faculty make a difference in the community.
The School of Earth and Climate Sciences is housed in a large and modern building that was designed specifically for our teaching and research needs. Our internationally recognized faculty and cutting-edge research facilities will prepare you for a variety of career opportunities, or alternatively for continuing your education to the masters or doctoral level. We invite you to explore our website and feel free to contact our Undergraduate Coordinator, Dr. Alice Doughty, for more information!
Why major in Earth Sciences?
- Jobs in Earth and Climate Science related fields are projected to increase (resource management, research, science communication/education, etc.).
- As the human population grows, so does the need for proper policy making and preparation in the event of natural disasters.
- Feed your curiosity about how the Earth works and engage in meaningful work to help your community.
This major attracts a range of students. You will have opportunities to check how much you enjoy field, lab, and computer work, and think about future careers that align with your skill set and sense of purpose.
What do Earth and Climate Scientists do?
Our planet is a spectacular natural laboratory just waiting to be explored, its secrets discovered, and its processes understood. From the energy resources and manufacturing materials that originate from the Earth to the earthquakes and hurricanes that threaten lives, Earth and Climate Scientists are on the front line in a wide range of societally relevant pursuits. They use data and observations to better understand how humans are altering global climate, traveling to remote and wild places to measure the flow of glaciers and the melting if ice caps. Earth and Climate Scientists monitor how water quality is affected by agricultural and industrial activity, and how plate tectonics drives volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. They provide essential information for establishing governmental policies for resource management, environmental protection and public health. Earth and Climate Scientists make a difference. Check out our Research page to learn more about the types of work that we do, and visit our Undergraduate Life page to see how our students are engaged in faculty-led research projects.
What career opportunities are there in the Earth and Climate Sciences?
The prospect of diverse, interesting, and challenging career opportunities is one of the strongest reasons to consider majoring in Earth and Climate Sciences at the University of Maine. Career options include resource exploration and management, technical consulting, engineering, environmental sciences, as well as K-12 and post-secondary education. There are a multitude of different jobs in the private sector as well as federal, state and local governmental agencies. Because of their broad, but scientifically-grounded education, Earth and Climate Science majors also have many opportunities in professions requiring a knowledge of the Earth and how humans impact its climate and environment. These include health, law, business, diplomacy, public policy, teaching and journalism. At the same time, the program provides sufficient depth so that our graduates will be prepared for graduate school in a broad range of subdisciplines of the Earth Sciences. The American Geological Institute is a great site for exploring career opportunities in depth.
The discipline of Earth Sciences began by asking when and how the Earth formed. As investigations of Earth’s long history progressed, Earth and Climate scientists realized the strong linkage among all portions of the Earth system (Geosphere, Hydrosphere, Cryosphere, Atmosphere, and Biosphere). Today, scientists working in these areas address a broad range of topics to advance understanding of our planet’s past, present, and future. Our goal is to provide students with the information, skills, and creativity and curiosity to address issues of climate change, natural hazard mitigation, natural resource use and sustainability, as well as to investigate the processes that shape the Earth and our neighboring worlds.
The School of Earth and Climate Sciences (ECS) offers three majors: Bachelors of Science (Earth Sciences concentration or Climate Sciences concentration), and Bachelors of Arts. For all majors, our program goal is to provide a learning structure and environment both inside and outside the classroom so that upon graduation, students have:
- the content knowledge necessary to excel professionally after graduation.
- a skill set sufficient to guide solutions to current and future problems in the Earth and Climate Sciences.
- the ability to think critically and synthesize information from a variety of sources (content knowledge, professional literature, measurements, experiments and observations).
We also offer minors in Earth Sciences and Climate Sciences, with the goal of providing students with basic Earth and Climate Science information useful to many other fields and the ability to investigate a range of topics from our course offerings.
The content knowledge needed by students following graduation varies widely with profession within the Earth and Climate Sciences. Typical post-baccalaureate positions include teaching, graduate school, and corporate/governmental/nongovernmental employment. Additionally, some of our graduates may not explicitly utilize Earth and Climate Science content knowledge, but work within a broader framework in or out of science. Therefore, our curriculum is designed to provide foundational knowledge in our core courses, and more focused knowledge attained through elective courses consistent with their professional goals. Upon completion of our program, we expect that students will be able to demonstrate a recognition and understanding of the following concepts and their underlying principles by using examples gained through the content knowledge presented in our core courses*:
- Earth interior and surface processes are intimately linked.
- Climate is an integral and changing part of the Earth system that impacts Earth surface processes.
- The Earth system comprises a combination of physical, chemical and biological processes.
- The geologic record preserves evidence of Earth’s history.
- Our knowledge of the Earth is based on direct and remote observations.
Students develop foundational content knowledge through required courses. Additionally, they will learn to acquire information from a variety of sources beyond required texts. It is also important for students to develop the skills required to analyze observations and knowledge and to communicate effectively within the scientific community and the world at large. Developing these skills will allow our graduates to substantively contribute to addressing current and future Earth and Climate science issues, such as planning for climate change, natural resource assessments, natural hazard preparedness, and working toward sustainable practices, as well as additional problems that may confront society during our students’ careers. The specific skills we emphasize are the ability to:
- make accurate, relevant observations of physical features, reactions and processes to recognize patterns in natural systems
- organize and analyze both qualitative and quantitative data
- reason abstractly and quantitatively
- use physical and conceptual models to investigate Earth and Climate systems
- effectively communicate concepts and data in logical written, graphical, and oral formats
- work collaboratively
As students gain content knowledge and skills, they also need to develop the ability to critically assess and synthesize information from a variety of sources and observations. Regardless of professional setting, effective Earth and Climate scientists need to work across scientific disciplines to address our complex natural world. Our successful graduates will develop the ability to:
- synthesize observations and content knowledge to construct an evidence-supported argument.
- critically evaluate data and interpretations for clarity and validity.