Permaculture is “the conscious design and maintenance of cultivated ecosystems which have the diversity, stability & resilience of natural ecosystems. It is the harmonious integration of landscape, people & appropriate technologies, providing food, shelter, energy & other needs in a sustainable way…”

–Bill Mollison & Scott Pittman

Permaculture Ethics:

  1. Care of the Earth
  2. Care of the People
  3. Fair Share of Resources

The 12 Permaculture Principles:

Permaculture is rooted in the fact that no single problem or solution stands on its own. The permaculture ethics are used to guide 12 design principles:

1. Observe and Interact

2. Catch and Store Energy

3. Obtain a yield

4. Apply Self Regulation and Accept Feedback

5. Use and Value Renewable Resources and Services

6. Produce No Waste

7. Design From Patterns to Details

8. Integrate Rather Than Segregate 

9. Use Small and Slow Solutions 

10. Use and Value Diversity 

11. Use Edges and Value the Marginal

12. Creatively Use and Respond to Change

permaculture principles flower
Learn more about Permaculture ethics and design principles


Office of Sustainability
312-314 Corbett Hall
Orono, Maine 04469-5774
Tel: 207.581.1571