Sara Lindsay, Ph.D.

Contact Information

Phone: 207.581.2739

CV: Link to Lindsay CV


Lab website: Link To the Lindsay Lab Website

5751 Murray Hall, University of Maine
Orono, ME  04469


Ph.D. University of South Carolina, 1994


Sara Lindsay studies the sensory biology and ecology of marine invertebrates. She is especially interested in chemoreception, tissue regeneration, bioturbation and understanding how polychaetes and other infauna make a living in the mud and sand at the bottom of the ocean.

Research interests

I am an integrative biologist. My research interests span marine invertebrate community ecology, behavior, physiology, sensory biology and cell & molecular biology. I use methods from each of these disciplines to approach different questions. Some of the questions that intrigue me are: 1) How do sensory systems, such as chemoreception and vision coordinate ecologically important behaviors? 2) How do processes such as predation and disturbance (and their interactions) structure communitites? 3) How do predation risk and injury affect feeding behavior, bioturbation, and competitive interactions? 4) What are the physiological costs and mechanisms of tissue regeneration? I have mostly focused this research on polychaetes, but also study bivalves, echinoderms and some of the coolest creatures on the planet, tardigrades.

Recent publications are listed below. See my website for papers published prior to 2000. Reprints are available on request.


  • Perry, E.S., W.R. Miller & S. Lindsay. 2015. Looking at tardigrades in a new light: using epifluorescence to interpret structure. Journal of Microscopy. 257 (2), 117-122 doi:10.1111/jmi.12190
  • Jumars, P.A., K.M. Dorgan & S.M. Lindsay. 2015. Diet of Worms Emended: An update of polychaete feeding guilds. Annual Review of Marine Science 7:497-520For more information: Full Text
  • Campbell, B.R and S.M. Lindsay. 2014. Effects of injury and nutrition on sediment reworking by Clymenella torquata (Annelida: Polychaeta). Journal of Marine Research. 72: 307-329
  • DuClos, K.T., S.M. Lindsay & P.A. Jumars. 2013. Spatial distribution of Alitta virens and Clymenella torquata with respect to rigid boundaries in mud and sand. Journal of Marine Research 71: 211-226
  • Kesaniemi, JE., P.D. Rawson, S.M. Lindsay and K.E. Knott. 2012. Phylogenetic analysis of cryptic speciation in the polychaete Pygospio elegans. Ecology & Evolution 2(5): 994-1007
  • Lindsay, S.M. 2012. Dispersal of marine organisms and the Grand Challenges in Biology: An introduction to the symposium. Integrative & Comparative Biology. 52:443-446.
  • Lindsay SM. 2010. Frequency of injury and the ecology of regeneration in marine benthic invertebrates. Integrative & Comparative Biology. 50(4): 479-493For more information: Full Text
  • Lindsay, S.M., J. Chasse, R.A. Butler, W. Morrill, & R.J. Van Beneden. 2010. Impacts of stage-specific acute pesticide exposure on predicted population structure of the soft-shell clam, Mya arenaria. Aquatic Toxicology 98(3): 265-274
  • Lindsay, S.M. 2009. Ecology and Biology of Chemoreception in Polychaetes. Zoosymposia 2: 339-367For more information: Full Text
  • Tsie, M.S., P.D. Rawson & S.M. Lindsay. 2008. Immunolocalization of a Gαq protein to the chemosensory organs of Dipolydora quadrilobata (Polychaeta: Spionidae). Cell & Tissue Research 333:469-480, DOI 10.1007/s00441-008-0660-2
  • Lindsay, S.M., J.L. Jackson, and D.L. Forest. 2008. Morphology of anterior regeneration in two spionid polychaete species: implications for feeding efficiency. Invertebrate Biology. 127: 65-79. DOI:10.111/j.1744-7410.2007.00114.x
  • Forest, D.L. and S.M. Lindsay. 2008. Observations of serotonin and FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in palp sensory structures and the anterior nervous system of spionid polychaetes. Journal of Morphology. 269:544-551, DOI: 10.1002/jmor.10605For more information: Download file (PDF)
  • Lindsay, S.M. , J.L. Jackson, and S.Q. He. 2007. Anterior Regeneration in the spionid polychaetes Dipolydora quadrilobata and Pygospio elegans. Marine Biology 150:1161-1172. DOI 10.1007/s00227-006-0431-0
  • Rawson, P.D., P. Yund & S.M. Lindsay. 2007. Comment on Divergent induced responses to an invasie predator in marine mussel populations. Science 316:53b. DOI 10.1126/science.1135099
  • Lindsay, S.M., T.J. Riordan, Jr, and D. Forest . 2004. Identification and activity-dependent labeling of peripheral sensory structures of a spionid polychaete. Biological Bulletin 206:65-77.
  • Lindsay, S.M. & R.G. Vogt. 2004. Behavioral responses of newly hatched zebrafish (Danio rerio) to amino acid chemostimulants. Chemical Senses 29:93-100
  • Riordan, Jr., T.J. and S.M. Lindsay. 2002. Feeding Responses to particle-bound cues by a deposit-feeding spionid polychaete, Dipolydora quadrilobata (Jacobi 1883). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 277:79-95
  • Wethey, D.S., S.M. Lindsay, S.A. Woodin & R.L. Marinelli. 2001. Population consequences of intermediate disturbance: Recruitment, browsing predation and Geochemistry. pp. 141-157 in Aller, Josephine Y., Sarah A. Woodin and Robert C. Aller (eds), Organism-Sediment Interactions. The Belle W. Baruch Library in Marine Science Number 21, University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, SC.