Robert Steneck, Ph.D.

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Darling Marine Center
193 Clarks Cove Rd
Walpole, ME  04573


Ph.D. Johns Hopkins University 1983


I study the structure and function of coastal marine ecosystems. My laboratories are in the Gulf of Maine and Caribbean. My students and I study organisms import to these ecosystems and the people who depend on them. Specifically, in Maine I’ve explored kelp forests ecosystems for over 20 years learning about lobsters, sea urchins and fish stocks in this region. I also have worked extensively throughout the Caribbean and tropical Pacific studying coral reef from both biological and geological perspectives.

Research interests

I study ecological processes in the benthic marine realm. My experiments focus on the food webs, structure and dominant organisms of coastal marine communities. My “laboratory” is the Gulf of Maine’s subtidal zone in which I use SCUBA diving, under- water video systems, manned submersibles and the University of Maine’s remotely operated vehicle as primary research tools. I’m currently studying lobsters, sea urchin and kelp in Maine. I also work on the ecology of coral reefs in the Caribbean. In all cases my focus is on in situ ecology. I think an important way to understand the organisms or the system is to observe them first hand – in their habitat. The work is at the organism level and integrates between small scale (i.e., behavioral phenomena) with large scale (oceanographic) processes. By applying basic ecology to human marine resource and management questions, I am able to conduct studies that are both interesting and enormously useful for people who make their living from the sea. The best way for me to give a flavor of my research activities is to show my current research programs, grants and resultant publications. Many of the studies involved my graduate students who have published their theses. I think it is important to give students the opportunity to learn by doing. Students who work under my direction get involved with all aspects of basic research from proposal writing, deploying experiments, gathering data and writing papers. Graduate Students Name, UM Degree, Year, Subsequent degree,Current occupation Sally Hacker, MS 1990, PhD. Brown, Professor Washington St. Univ. Richard Wahle, PhD 1990,PI Scientist, Bigelow Laboratory Kirt Moody, MS, 1991, PhD VIMS, Professor Mt. Holyoke Paul Bologna, MS 1991, PhD U.S. Alabama, Professor Fairleigh Dickinson Univ. Wendy Malpass, MS 1992, Scientist, The Nature Conservancy Tim Miller, MS 1994, Lab Manager, Darling Marine Center Patrick Voorhees, MS 1995, Medical School Alvaro Palma, PhD 1998, Professor,Universidad Católica de la Ssma. Concepción Carl Wilson, MS 1998, Maine’s Dept. of Marine Resources Douglas McNaught, PhD 1999, Professor, University of Maine at Machias. Amanda Leland, MS 2002, Environmental Defense, Washington D.C.  John Vavrinec, PhD 2005 Nomandeau Associates, Wa., Eric Annis, PhD 2006 Professor Hood College, Lindsay Harrington, Ph.D 2004 lecturer James Cook Univ. Australia,  Shauna Slingsby, Ms 2005, Scientist NOAA, Elizabeth Stephenson, MS 2007 Maine Coastal Program, State Planning Office, Jeanne Brown, MS 2006 The Nature Conservancy, St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands,  Rodolfo Chang MS 2010 Nicaraguan Fisheries Biologist,Suzanne Arnold, MS 2007, PhD 2011


In Press

  • 2014 Ritson-Williams, R., Arnold, S. N. Paul, V. J., Steneck R. S. 2013. Larval settlement preferences of Acropora palmata and Montastraea faveolata in response to diverse red algae. Coral Reefs. In press
  • 2014 Steneck, R. S., Arnold, S. N., Mumby, P. J. Experiment mimics fishing on parrotfish: insights on coral reef recovery and alternative attractors. Marine Ecology Progress Series. In press
  • 2013 Steneck, R. S., Johnson, C. Kelp forests: dynamic patterns, processes and feedbacks. Pages XX in Bertness, M., Silliman, B., Stachowitz, J. Marine Community Ecology. In press
  • 2013 Wilson, J., Hill, J., Kersula, M., Wilson, C. L., Whitsel, L., Yan, L., Acheson, J., Chen, Y. Cleaver, C., Congdon, C., Hayden, A., Hayes, P., Johnson, T., Morehead, G., Steneck, R., Turner, R., Vadas, R., Wilson, C. J. Costly information and the evolution of self-organization in a small, complex economy. JBEO (Journal of Bio-Economics). In press.

Additional Publications

  • 1974 Steneck, R. S. Juvenile Echinometra. Pg. 102-103. In Spec. Pub. No. 4., West Indies Lab., D. P. Abbott, J. C. Ogden (eds).
  • 1976 Steneck, R. S. and W. H. Adey. The role of environment in control of morphology in Lithophyllum congestum, a Caribbean algal ridge builder. Bot. Mar. 19: 197 – 215.
  • 1982 Steneck, R. S. A limpet-coralline algal association: adaptations and defenses between a selective herbivore and its prey. Ecology 63: 507-522
  • 1982 Steneck, R. S. and L. Watling. Feeding capabilities and limitations of herbivorous molluscs: a functional group approach. Mar. Biol. 68: 299-319.
  • 1983 Steneck, R. S. Escalating herbivory and resulting adaptive trends in calcareous algae. Paleobiology. 9: 45-63.
  • 1983 Stanley, S. M., B. Van Valkenburgh, and R. S. Steneck. Coevolution and the fossil record. Pages 328 – 349 In Futuyma, D. J. and M. S. Slatkin (eds) Coevolution Sinauer Press.
  • 1983 Steneck, R. S. Quantifying herbivory on coral reefs: just scratching the surface and still biting off more than we can chew. Pages 103-112. In Reaka M. L. (ed.).The Ecology of Deep and Shallow Coral Reefs. Symposia Series for Undersea Research, Vol. 1.
  • 1985 Steneck, R. S. Adaptations of crustose coralline algae to herbivory: Patterns in space and time. Pages 352 – 366. In Toomy, D and M. Nitecki (eds). Paleoalgology. Springer – Verlag. Berlin.
  • 1985 Adey, W. H. and R. S. Steneck. Highly productive eastern Caribbean reefs: synergistic effects of biological, chemical, physical and geological factors. In Reaka M. L. (ed.).The Ecology of Deep and Shallow Coral Reefs. Symposia Series for Undersea Research, Vol. 2. Office of Undersea Research, NOAA, Rockville, Maryland.
  • 1986 Steneck, R. S. Rocky shores revisited. Science 232: 1652 – 1653 (Book review). 1986 Steneck, R. S. The ecology of coralline algal crusts: convergent patterns and adaptive strategies. Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 7: 273 – 303.
  • 1986 Steneck, R. S. and R. T. Paine. Ecological and taxonomic studies of shallow-water encrusting Corallinaceae of the boreal northeastern Pacific. Phycologia 25: 221-240.
  • 1987 Haskell, B. D., J. D. Witman, R. S. Steneck. Complementary use of submersibles and scuba: an example from the Gulf of Maine. Proc. Symp. Amer. Assoc. of Underwater Sciences. Pages 99 – 111. IN M. A. Lang (ed.). Cold Water Diving for Science 1987.
  • 1988 Steneck, R. S. Herbivory on coral reefs: a synthesis. Proc. 6th International Coral Reef Symposium, Australia. 1: 37 – 49. 1988 Vadas, R. L. and R. S. Steneck. Zonation of deep water benthic algae in the Gulf of Maine. J. Phycol. 24: 338 – 346.
  • 1990 Hacker, S. D. and R. S. Steneck. Habitat architecture and the abundance and body-sizedependent habitat selection of a phytal amphipod. Ecology : 71: 2269-2285.
  • 1990 Steneck, R. S. Herbivory and the evolution of nongeniculate coralline algae (Rhodophyta, Corallinales) in the North Atlantic and North Pacific. in Evolutionary Biogeography of the Marine Algae of the North Atlantic. NATO ASI Series G 22: 107 – 129.
  • 1991 Braga, J. C., D. Bosence, and R. Steneck. Taxonomic implications of microstructural studies on some Cenozoic coralline algae. Proc. 5th Intern. Symposium on Fossil Algae. Capri, Spain. 20 1991 Macintyre, I. G., K. Rützler, J. N. Norris, K. P. Smith, S. D. Cairns, K. E. Bucher, and R. S. Steneck. An early Holocene reef in the western Atlantic: submersible investigations of a deep relict reef off the west coast of Barbados, W. I. Coral Reefs.. 10: 167 – 174.
  • 1991 Steneck, R. S. , S. D. Hacker and M. N. Dethier. Mechanism determining competitive dominance between crustose coralline algae: an herbivore-mediated reversal. Ecology: 72 (3): 938-950.
  • 1991 Wahle, R. A. and R. S. Steneck. Recruitment habitats and nursery grounds of the American lobster (Homarus americanus Milne Edwards): A demographic bottleneck? Marine Ecology Progress Series. 69: 231 – 243.
  • 1992 Steneck, R. S. Plant-herbivore coevolution: A reappraisal from the marine realm and its fossil record. pages 477 – 491. In (John, D. M, J. H. Price, S. J. Hawkins and G. A. Williams eds) Plant-animal interactions in the marine benthos. Systematics Association Special Volume. 46. Journ. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK. Oxford University Press.
  • 1992 Wahle, R. A. and R. S. Steneck. Habitat restrictions in early benthic life: experiments on habitat selection and in situ predation with the American lobster. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 157: 91 – 114.
  • 1993 Bologna, P. and R. Steneck. Kelp beds as habitat for the American lobster, Homarus americanus. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 100: 127 – 134.
  • 1993 Braga, J. C., D. W. J. Bosence and R. S. Steneck. 1993. New anatomical characters in fossil coralline algae and their taxonomic implications. Palaeontology 36: 536 – 547.
  • 1993 Moody, K. and R. S. Steneck. Mechanisms of predation among large decapod crustaceans of the Gulf of Maine Coast: functional vs phylogenetic patterns. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 168: 111 – 124.
  • 1994 Babb, I. G., P. J. Auster, W. Belt, D. Olivier, R. Langton, I. R. MacDonald, P. Popenoe, and R. S. Steneck. Dual use of a nuclear powered research submersible: the U.S. Navy’s NR-1. Mar. Tech. Soc. J. 27: 39 – 48.
  • 1994 Steneck, R. S. and M. N. Dethier. A functional group approach to the structure of algaldominated communities. Oikos 69: 476 – 498.
  • 1994 Steneck, R. S. Is herbivore loss more damaging to reefs than hurricanes? Case studies from two Caribbean reef systems (1978 – 1988). pp. 220 – 226. In: Ginsburg RN (ed) Proc Colloquium on Global Aspects of Coral Reefs: Health, Hazards, and History, 1993. Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, Florida.
  • 1995 Kornfield, I., A. B. Williams, R. S. Steneck. 1995. Assignment of Homarus capensis (Herbst, 1792), the Cape lobster of South Africa, to Homarinus new genus (Decapoda: Nephropidae). Fishery Bulletin. 93(1): 97-102.
  • 1995 Reid, R. P., I. G. Macintyre, K. M. Browne, R. S. Steneck, T. Miller. Modern marine stromatolites in the Exuma Cays Bahamas: Uncommonly Common. Facies. 33: 1 – 18.
  • 1995 Steneck, R. S. A framework for protecting regionally significant habitats: environmental science considerations. Pages 147 – 152 in Proceedings National Research Council Symposium: Improving the Interaction between Environmental Management and Coastal Ocean Sciences. National Academy Press. Washington, D. C. 1995 Steneck, R. S. and M. N. Dethier.
  • ‘1995. Are functional classifications different for marine vs terrestrial plants? A reply to Grime. Oikos. 73: 122 – 124. 1995 Steneck, R. S. The Gulf of Maine: A case study of over-exploitation. Pages 209 – 212 in Hunter, M. L. Jr. Fundamentals of conservation biology. Blackwell Science
  • 1995 Steneck, R. S. , D. McNaught and S. Zimsen. Spatial and temporal patterns in sea urchin populations, herbivory and algal community structure in the Gulf of Maine. 1994 Workshop on the Management and Biology of the Green Sea Urchin (Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis).: 34 – 73. 21
  • 1995 Vadas, R. L. and R. S. Steneck. Overfishing and inferences in kelp-sea urchin interactions. pages 509 – 524. in. Skjoldal, H. R. Hopkins, C., Erikstad, K.j E. and Leinaas, H. P. (eds). Ecology of Fjords and Coastal Waters. Elsevier Science B. V.
  • 1996 Keats, D. W.,Steneck, R. S. , Townsend,R. A. and Borowitzka,M. A. Lithothamnion prolifer Foslie: a common non-geniculate coralline alga (Rhodophyta: Corallinaceae) from the tropical and subtropical Indo-Pacific. Bot. Mar. 39: 187 – 200.
  • 1996 Langton, R., R. Steneck, V. Gotceitas, F. Juanes, P. Lawton. The interface between fisheries Research and habitat management. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. 16: 1 – 7. 1996 Macintyre, I. G, R. P. Reid, and R. S. Steneck. Growth history of stromatolites in a Holocene Reef, Stocking Island, Bahamas. J. Sed. Res. 66: 231 – 242
  • 1997 Acheson, J. M. and Steneck, R. S. Examining the bust then boom in the Maine lobster industry: the perspectives of fishermen and biologists. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 17: 826 – 847.
  • 1997 Acheson, J. M. and Steneck, R. S. The role of management in the renewal of Maine lobster industry. Social Implications of a Quota System in Fisheries TemaNord 1997: 593: 9 – 26.
  • 1997 Macintyre, I. G., Steneck, R. S. , Ginsburg, R. N. 1997. Confusion concerning crustose corallines and coral reefs. Reef Encounters 22: 8.
  • 1997 Steneck, R. S. Crustose corallines, other algal functional groups, herbivores and sediment: complex interactions along reef productivity gradients. Proc. 8th Int. Coral Reef Symp. 1: 695 – 700.
  • 1997 Steneck, R. S. Testa, V. Are calcareous algae important to reefs today or in the past? Symposium summary. Proc. 8th Int. Coral Reef Symp 1: 685 – 688.
  • 1997 Steneck, R. S. , I. G. Macintyre, R. P. Reid. A unique algal ridge system of Exuma Cays, Bahamas. Coral Reefs. 16: 27-35.
  • 1997 Steneck, R. S. , Langton, R. W., Juanes, F., Gotceitas, V. and Lawton, P. The interface between fisheries research and habitat management: Response to comment. North American Journal of Fisheries Management. 17: 596-598.
  • 1997 Steneck, R. S. Fisheries-induced biological changes to the structure and function of the Gulf of Maine Ecosystem. Plenary Paper. pages 151 – 165 in Wallace, G. T., and Braasch, E. F. (eds). Proceedings of the Gulf of Maine Ecosystem Dynamics Scientific Symposium and Workshop. RARGOM Report, 97 – 1. Regional Association for Research on the Gulf of Maine. Hanover, NH.
  • 1998 Acheson, J. M., Wilson, J. A. and Steneck, R. S. Managing chaotic fisheries. In, Linking Social and Ecological Systems. pages 390 – 413. Berkes, F., and Folke, C. Eds. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.
  • 1998 Palma, A. T., Wahle, R. A. and Steneck, R. S. Different early post-settlement strategies between American lobsters (Homarus americanus) and rock crabs (Cancer irroratus) in the Gulf of Maine. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 162. 215-225.
  • 1998 Steneck, R. S. Human influences on coastal ecosystems: Does overfishing create trophic cascades? Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 13: 429 – 430.
  • 1998 Steneck, R. S. , Miller, T. Macintyre, I. G., Reid, P. Ecological controls on stromatolite development in a modern reef environment: a test of the “Ecological Refuge Paradigm” Carbonates and Evaporites. 13: 48 – 65
  • 1999 Hughes, T., Szmant, A., Steneck, R. Carpenter, R., Miller, S. Algal blooms on coral reefs: what are the causes? Critique of: “Nutrient Thresholds for Eutrophication and Macroalgal Overgrowth of Coral Reefs in Jamaica and Southeast Florida: by B. E. Lapointe (Limnol. Oceanogr. 42: 119 – 1131). Limnol. and Oceanogr. 44: 1583 – 1586
  • 1999 Dudgeon, S., Steneck, R. S. , Davison, I. R. and Vadas. R. L. Coexistence of similar species in a little-disturbed, space-limited intertidal zone. Ecol. Monogr. 69: 331 – 352. 22
  • 1999 Wilbur, A. J., Steneck, R. S. Polychromatic patterns of Littorina obtusata on Ascophyllum nodosum: are snails hiding in intertidal seaweed? Northeastern Naturalist. 6: 189-198.
  • 1999 Palma, A. T., Steneck, R. S. and C. Wilson. Settlement-driven, multiscale demographic patterns of large benthic decapods in the Gulf of Maine. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 241: 107-136.
  • 1999 Reid, R. P., Macintyre, I. G. and Steneck, R. S. A microbialite/algal ridge fringing reef complex, Highborne Cay, Bahamas. Atoll Res. Bull. 465: 1 – 18. 2001 Adey, W. H. and Steneck, R. S. Thermogeography over time creates biogeographic regions: a temperature/space/time – integrated model and an abundance-weighted test for benthic marine algae. J. Phycol. 37: 677 – 698.
  • 2001 Dethier, M. N. and Steneck, R. S. Growth and persistence of diverse intertidal crusts: survival of the slow in a fast-paced world. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 223: 89 – 100.
  • 2001 Jackson, J. B., Kirby, M. X., Berger, W., H., Bjorndal, K.A., Botsford, L. W., Bourque, B. J., Bradbury, R., Cooke, R., Erlandson, J, Estes, J. A., Hughes, T. P., Kidwell, S., Lange, C. B., Lenihan, H. S. Pandolfi, J. M., Peterson, C. H., Steneck, R. S. Tegner, M. J. Warner, R. Historical overfishing and the recent collapse of coastal ecosystems. Science. 293: 629 – 638.
  • 2001 Macintyre, I. G., Glynn, P. W. and Steneck, R. S. Holocene history of Holandes Cays algal ridge, Panama: an algal coated storm deposit. Coral Reefs. 20:95 – 106.
  • 2001 Palma, A. and Steneck, R. S. Variable coloration in juvenile marine crabs reduces risk against visual predators Ecology. 82: 2961-2967.
  • 2001 Steneck, R. S. and Wilson, C. J. Long-term and large scale spatial and temporal patterns in demography and landings of the American lobster, Homarus americanus, in Maine. Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. 52: 1302 – 1319.
  • 2001 Steneck, R. S. Functional Groups. Pages 121 – 139 in Levin, S. (ed). Encyclopedia of Biodiversity. Vol. 1. Academic Press, Inc. 2001 Steneck, R. S. and Carlton, J. T. Human alterations of marine communities: Students Beware! pages 445 – 468 in Bertness, M, Gaines, S., and Hay, M. (eds). Marine Community Ecology. Sinauer press.Sunderland, MA.
  • 2002 Andrew, N.L., Y. Agatsuma, E. Ballesteros, A.G. Bazhin, E.P. Creaser, D.K.A. Barnes, L.W. Botsford, A. Bradbury, A. Campbell, J.D. Dixon, S. Einarsson, P. Gerring, K. Hebert, M. Hunter, S.B. Hur, C.R. Johnson, M.A. Juinio-Meñez, P. Kalvass, R.J. Miller, C.A. Moreno, J.S. Palleiro, D. Rivas, S.M.L. Robinson, S.C. Schroeter, R.S. Steneck, R.I. Vadas, D.A. Woodby and Z. Xiaoqi.
  • 2002 Status and Management of World Sea Urchin Fisheries. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review. 40: 343 – 425. 2002 Figueiredo, M.A. de O. and Steneck, R. S. Floristic and ecological studies of crustose coralline algae on Brazil’s Abrolhos reefs. Proc. 9th Int. Coral Reef Symp. 1: 493-497
  • 2002 Steneck, R. S. , Graham, M. H. , Bourque, B. J., Corbett, D., Erlandson, J. M, Estes, J. A., and Tegner, M. J. Kelp forest ecosystem: biodiversity, stability, resilience and their future. Environmental Conservation. 29 (4): 436 – 459. (Eastonian translation by Ms. Anna Galovich found in: )
  • 2003 Steneck, R. S. , and Lang, J. C. Rapid assessment of Mexico’s Yucatan Reef in 1997 and 1999: pre- and post- mass bleaching and Hurricane Mitch (stony corals, algae and fish). Pp 294 – 317 in J.C. Lang (ed.), Status of Coral Reefs in the western Atlantic: Results of initial Surveys, Atlantic and Gulf Rapid Assessment (AGRRA) Program. Atoll Research Bull. 496.
  • 2003 Steneck, R. S. , Kramer, P. A., and Loreto, R. M. The Caribbean’s Western-most Algal Ridge in Cozumel, Mexico. Coral Reefs. 22: 27-28.
  • 2004 Steneck, R. S. , Vavrinec, J. and Leland, A. V. Accelerating trophic level dysfunction in kelp forest ecosystems of the western North Atlantic. Ecosystems. 7(4): 323-331 23 2005 McClanahan, T. R., Steneck, R. S. , Cokos, B., Pietri, D., Jones, S. Interaction between inorganic nutrients and organic matter in controlling coral reef communities in Glovers Reef Belize. Marine Pollution Bulletin 50: 566 – 575.
  • 2005 Steneck, R. S. An ecological context for the role of large carnivorous animals in conserving biodiversity. Pages 9 – 33 in Ray, J., Redford, K., Steneck, R. and Berger, J.(eds) Large Carnivores and the conservation of biodiversity Island Press.
  • 2005 Steneck, R. S. and Sala, E. A. Large marine carnivores: trophic cascades and top-down controls in coastal ecosystems past and present. Pages 110 – 137 in Ray, J., Redford, K., Steneck, R. and Berger, J. (eds) Large Carnivores and the conservation of biodiversity Island Press.
  • 2005 Ray, J. C., Redford, K. H., Berger, J., and Steneck, R. S. Is large carnivore conservation equivalent to biodiversity conservation and how can we achieve both? . Pages 400 – 428 in Ray, J., Redford, K., Steneck, R. and Berger, J.(eds) Large Carnivores and the conservation of biodiversity. Island Press.
  • 2005 Sale, P. F., Cowen, R. K., Danilowicz, B. S., Jones, G. P., Kritzer, J. P. Lindeman, K. C., Planes, S., Polunin, N. V. C., Russ, G. R., Sadovy, Y. J. and Steneck, R. S. Critical science gaps impede use of no-take fishery reserves. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 20: 74-80.
  • 2005 Hughes, T. P., Bellwood, D. R., Folke, C., Steneck, R. S. and Wilson, J. E. New paradigms for supporting resilience of marine ecosystems. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 20:380 – 386.
  • 2005 Steneck, R. S. Are we overfishing the American lobster? Some biological perspectives. Chapter 8. pages 127 – 143. in R. Buchsbaum, W. E. Robinson, J. Pederson (eds).
  • 2005. The Decline of Fisheries Resources in New England: Evaluating the Impact of Overfishing, Contamination, and Habitat Degradation. MIT Sea Grant College Program, Cambridge, MA, no: 04-7
  • 2006 Berkes, F., Hughes, T. P., Steneck, R. S. , Wilson, J. Bellwood, D. R., Crona, B., Folke, C., Leslie, H., Norberg, J., Nystron, M., Olsson, P., Scheffer, M., Worm, B., Globalization, roving bandits and marine resources Science. 311: 1557 – 1558.
  • 2006 Pandolfi, J. M., Tudhope, A.W., Burr, G., Chappell, J., Edinger, E., Frey, M. Steneck, R., Sharma, C., Yeats, A., Jennions, M., Lescinsky, H., and Newton, A. Mass mortality following disturbance in Holocene coral reefs from Papua New Guinea. Geology. 34:949 – 952.
  • 2006 Steneck, R. S. Staying connected in a turbulent world. Science. 311: 480-481. 2006 Incze, L. S., Wahle, R. A., Wolff, N., Wilson, C., Steneck, R. Annis, E., Lawton, P., Xue, H. and Chen, Y. Early life history and a modeling framework for lobster (Homarus americanus) populations in the Gulf of Maine. Journal of Crustacean Biology 26: 555 – 564.
  • 2006 Steneck, R. S. Lobsters as model organisms for interfacing behavior, ecology and fisheries: Summary on Cooperative Research. Journal of Crustacean Biology 26: 663 – 665.
  • 2006 Steneck, R. S. Possible demographic consequences to intraspecific shelter competition among American lobsters. Journal of Crustacean Biology 26: 628-638
  • 2006 Butler, M., Steneck, R. S and Herrnkind, W. The ecology of juvenile and adult lobsters. Pages 263 – 309 In. Phillips, R. (ed). Lobsters: the biology, management aquaculture and fisheries. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Oxford UK.
  • 2006 Steneck, R. S. Is the American lobster, Homarus americanus overfished? A review of overfishing with an ecologically-based perspective. Bulletin of Marine Sciences. 78: 607 –632.
  • 2007 Annis, E. R., Incze, L. S., Wolff, N. and Steneck, R. Estimates of in situ larval development time for the lobster, Homarus americanus. J. Crustacean Biology 27, ( 3),. 454 – 462. 24
  • 2007 Diaz-Pulido G, McCook LJ, Larkum AWD, Lotze HK, Raven JA, Schaffelke B, Smith JE, Steneck RS. Vulnerability of macroalgae of the Great Barrier Reef to climate change. Marshall PA, Johnson J (Ed) Climate change and the Great Barrier Reef. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Townsville, pp 153-192
  • 2007 Erlandson, J.M., Graham, M. H., Bourque, B. J., Corbett, D., Este, J. A., and Steneck, R. S. The Kelp Highway Hypothesis: Marine Ecology, the Coastal Migration Theory, and the Peopling of the Americas. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology. 2:2, 161 – 174
  • 2007 Hughes, T. P. Rodrigues, M. J., Bellwood, D. R., Ceccarelli, D., Hoegh-Gulberg, O, McCook, L., Moltschaniwskyj, N. Pratchett, M. S., Steneck, R. S. and Willis, B. Phase-shifts, herbivory and the resilience of coral reefs to climate change. Current Biology. 17: 1 – 6
  • 2007 Hughes, T. P., Gunderson, L. H., Folke, C., Baird, A., H., Bellwood, D., Berkes, F., Crona, B., Helfgott, A., Leslie, H., Norberg, J., Nystrom, M., Olsson, P., Osterblom, H., Scheffer, M., Schuttenberg, H., Steneck, R. S. , Tengo, M., Troell, M. Walker, B., Wilson, J. and Worm, B. Adaptive management of the Great Barrier Reef and the Grand Canyon World Heritage Areas. Ambio. 36(7): 586 – 592.
  • 2007 Halfar, J. Steneck, R. Schöne, Moore, G. W. K., Joachimski, M., Kronz, A., Fietzke, J., and Estes, J. 2007. Coralline alga reveals first marine record of subarctic North Pacific climate change. Geophysical Research Letters. 34: L07702..(Selected as EDITOR’s HIGHLIGHT).
  • 2007 Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Mumby, P.J., Hooten, A. J., Steneck, R.S., Greenfield, P., Gomez, E., Harvell, D. R, Sale, P.F., Edwards, A.J., Caldeira, K., Knowlton, N., Eakin, C. M., Iglesias-Prieto, R., Muthiga, N., Bradbury, R.H., Dubi, A., and Hatziolos, M. E., Coral Reefs under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification. Science. 318: 1737 – 1742.
  • 2007 Steneck, R. S. , Gulf of Maine: a case study. Pages 199 – 202 in Hunter, M. L., Jr. and Gibbs, J. Fundamentals of Conservation Biology. 3rd Ed. Blackwell Publishing. 497.
  • 2007 Steneck, R. S. , Martone, P. Calcified algae. Pages 21 – 24 In Denny, M. and Gaines, S. Encyclopedia of Tidepools and Rocky Shores. Univ. of California Press.
  • 2008 Bourque, B. J., Johnson, B., and Steneck R. S. Possible prehistoric hunter-gatherer impacts on food web structure in the Gulf of Maine. Pages: 165 – 187 In. Erlandson, J. and Torben, R. (eds) Human Impacts on Ancient Marine Environments. Univ. of California Press.
  • 2008 Halpern, B., S., Walbridg, S., Selkoe, K. A., Kappel, C. V., Micheli, F., D’Agrosa, C. D., Bruno, J. F., Casey, K. S., Ebert, C., Fox, H. E., Fujita, R., Heinemann, D., Lenihan, H. S., Madin, E. M. P., Perry, M., Selig, E R., Spalding, M., Steneck, R. S. , Watons, R. A global map of human impact on marine ecosystems. Science. 319: 948 – 952.
  • 2008 Keller, B.D., S. Airamé, B. Causey, A. Friedlander, D.F. Gleason, R. Grober-Dunsmore, J. Johnson, E. McLeod, S.L. Miller, R.S. Steneck, and C. Woodley. 2007. Marine protected areas. Pages 8-1 – 8-131 in S.H. Julius and J.M. West, eds. Preliminary review of adaptation options for climate-sensitive ecosystems and resources. Synthesis and assessment product 4.4, U.S. Climate Change Science Program, Washington, DC.
  • 2008 Halfar, J. , Steneck, R.S., Joachimski, M. , Kronz, A., Wanamaker, A.D., Jr. Coralline red algae as high-resolution climate recorders. Geology: 36:463 – 466.
  • 2008 Mumby, P., J., and Steneck, R. S. Coral reef management and conservation in the light of rapidly-evolving ecological paradigms. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 23: 555 – 563
  • 2008 Sale, P.F., M.J. Butler IV, A.J. Hooten, J.P. Kritzer, K.C. Lindeman, Y.J. Sadovy de Mitcheson, R.S. Steneck, and H. van Lavieren, 2008. Stemming Decline of the Coastal Ocean: Rethinking Environmental Management, UNU-INWEH, Hamilton, Canada 25
  • 2008 Steneck, R. S. , Bustamante, R. H. Dayton, P. K., Jones, G. P. and Hobday, Al J. Kelp forest ecosystems: current status and future trends. Pages 226-241 in Polunin NVC (ed) Aquatic ecosystems: trends and global prospects. Cambridge University Press.
  • 2009 Keller, B. D., Gleason, D. F., McLeod, E., Woodley, C. M., Airame, S., Causey, B. D., Friedlander, A. M., Grober-Dunsmore, R., Johnson, J. E., Miller, S. L., Steneck, R. S. Climate change, coral reef ecosystems, and management options for marine protected areas. Environmental Management. 44:6 . DOI 10.1007/s00267-009-9346-0
  • 2009 Steneck, R. S. Marine Conservation: Moving beyond Malthus. Current Biology. 19: R117-R119. 2009 Hetzinger, S., Halfar, J., Kronz, A., Steneck, R., Adey, W., Lebednik, P., Schone, B. High-resolution Mg/Ca ratios in a coralline red alga as a proxy for Bering Sea temperature variations from 1902 – 1967. Paleos. 24:406 – 412
  • 2009 Jones, G. P., Almany, G. R., Russ, G. D., Sale, P. F., Steneck, R. S., van Oppen, MJH, Willis, B. L., Williamson, D. H. Larval retention and connectivity among populations of corals and reef fishes: history, advances and challenges Coral Reefs: DOI: 10.1007/s00338-009-0469-9
  • 2009 Jones, G. P., Russ, G. D., Sale, P. F., Steneck, R. S. Theme section on “Larval connectivity, resilience and the future of coral reefs” Coral Reefs 28:303–305
  • 2009 Ritson-Williams, Arnold S, Fogarty N, Steneck RS, Vermeij MJA, Paul VJ (2009) New perspectives on ecological mechanisms affecting coral recruitment on reefs. Smithsonian Contribution to Marine Sciences 38:437-45
  • 2009 Ritson-Williams, R. V. J. Paul, S. N. Arnold, R. S. Steneck. Larval settlement preferences and post-settlement survival of the threatened Caribbean corals Acropora palmata and A. cervicornis . Coral Reefs. DOI 10.1007/s00338-009-0555-z
  • 2009 Steneck, R. S., Paris, C. B., Arnold, S. N., Ablan-Lagman, M. C., Alcala, A. C., Butler, M.J., McCook, L.J., Russ, G. R., Sale, P. F. Thinking and managing outside the box: Enlarging the footprint and coalescing connectivity networks for the resilience of coral reef ecosystems. Coral Reefs. DOI: 10.1007/s00338-009-0470-3 (Selected by Faculty of 1000 Biology as “Exceptional” a “Must Read” publication)
  • 2009 Stephenson, E. H., Steneck, R. S., and Seeley, R. H. Possible temperature limits to range expansion of non-native Asian shore crabs in Maine. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2009.04.020
  • 2009 Wilson, K. Kelley, J., Croitoru, A., Dionne, M., Belknap, D. and Steneck, R. Stratigraphic and Ecophysical Characterizations of Salt Pools: Dynamic Landforms of the Webhannet Salt Marsh, Wells, ME, USA. Estuaries and Coasts. 32:855–870
  • 2010 Estes, J. A., Peterson, C. H. and Steneck, R. S. , Some effects of apex predators in higher-latitude coastal oceans. Pages 37 – 53 In: Trophic Cascades: predators, prey, and the changing dynamics of nature. Terborgh, J. and Estes, J. S. (eds). Island Press, Washington, DC.
  • 2010 Incze, L., Xue, H., Wolff, N., Xu, D., Wilson, C. and Steneck, R. S. Connectivity of lobster populations in the coastal Gulf of Maine Part II. Coupled biophysical dynamics. Fisheries Oceanography19: 1, 1–20
  • 2010 Steneck R. S., and Wilson, J. A. A fisheries play in an ecosystem theater: challenges of managing ecological and social drivers of marine fisheries at nested spatial scales. Bulletin of Marine Science. 86(2): 387–411
  • 2010 Arnold, S., Mumby, P. Steneck, R. S. Running the gauntlet to coral recruitment through a sequence of local multiscale processes. Marine Ecology Progress Series. DOI 10.3354/meps08724.
  • 2010 Foley, M., Halpern, B.S., Micheli, F., Armsby, M.H., Caldwell, M. R., Prahler, E., Silvas, D., Crain, C. M., Rohr, Beck, M. W., Carr, M. H., Crowder, L. B., Duffy, E., Hacker, S., D., McLeod, K., Peterson, C. H., Regan, H. M., Sandifer, P. A., Steneck, R. S., 26 Guiding scientific principles for marine spatial planning. Marine Policy. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2010.02.001
  • 2010 Gelcich, S., Hughes, T. P., Olsson, P., Folke, C., Defeo, O., Fernandez, M., Foal, S., Gunderson, L. H., Rodriguez-Sickert, C., Scheffer, M., Steneck, R., and Castilla, J. C. Navigating transformations in governance of Chilean marine coastal resources. Proc. Of Nat. Acad. Sciences. Doi: 10.1073/pnas.1012021107
  • 2010 Hughes, T., Graham, N., Jackson, J., Mumby, P., Steneck, R.. Rising to the challenge of sustaining coral reef resilience. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2010.07.011
  • 2010 Lorenzen, K., Steneck, R. Warner, R. R. Parma, A. M. Colemen, F. C. and Leber, K. M. The spatial dimensions of fisheries: putting it all in place. An introduction to the proceedings of the seventh William R. and Lenore Mote Symposium in Fisheries Ecology. Bulletin of Marine Science. 86(2): 169–177
  • 2010 Sale, P.F., Van Lavieren, H., Lagman, M.A., Atema, J., Butler, M., Fauvelot, C., Hogan, J.D., Jones, G.P., Lindeman, K.C., Paris, C.B. and Steneck, R.,. Preserving reef connectivity: A handbook for marine protected area managers. Connectivity Working Group. Coral Reef Targeted Research & Capacity Building for Management Program, UNU-INWEH.
  • 2010 Wells, R.J.D., Steneck, R. S., Palma, A. T. , Three-dimensional resource partitioning between American lobster (Homarus americanus) and rock crab (Cancer irroratus) in a subtidal kelp forest, J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. (2010), doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2010.01.008
  • 2011 Hetzinger, S. J. Halfar, J. V. Mecking, N. S. Keenlyside, A. Kronz, R. S. Steneck, W. H. Adey, P. A. Lebednik Marine proxy evidence linking decadal North Pacific and Atlantic climate. Climate Dynamics. DOI 10.1007/s00382-011-1229-4.
  • 2011 Hetzinger, S., Halfar, J., Zack, T., Jacob, D., Kunz, B., Gamboa, G., Kronz, A., Adey, W., Lebednik, P., Steneck, R., High-resolution analysis of trace elements from the North Atlantic and North Pacific in encrusting coralline algae by laser ablation ICP-MS. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 302, 81-94. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.06.004, Impact Factor: 2.8
  • 2011 Halfar, J., Williams, B, Hetzinger, S., Steneck, R.S., Lebednik, P., Winsborough, C., Omar, A., Chan, P., Wanamaker, A., 225 years of Bering Sea climate and ecosystem dynamics archived by coralline algae, Geology. 39: 579-582. Impact Factor: 4.2
  • 2011 Mumby, P. J. and Steneck, R. S. The resilience of coral reefs and its implications for reef management. Chapter 29 Pages 509 -519 in. Dubinsky, Z. and Stambler, N. (eds) Coral Reefs: An Ecosystem in Transition. Springer Press. DOI 10.1007/978-94-007- 0114-4_29.
  • 2011 Steneck, R. S., Hughes, T. P., Adger, N., Arnold, S., Boudreau, S., Brown, K. Berkes, F., Cinner, J., Folke, C., Gunderson, L., Olsson, P., Scheffer, M., Stephenson, E. Walker B., Wilson, J. and Worm, B. Creation of a gilded trap by the high economic value of the Maine lobster fishery. Conservation Biology DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2011.01717 (Selected by Faculty of 1000 Biology as among “the top 2% of published articles in biology and medicine”).
  • 2011 Williams, B., Halfar, J., Steneck, R. S., Wortmann, U. G., Hetzinger, S., Adey, W., Lebednik, P., and Joachimski, M.: Twentieth century δ13C variability in surface water dissolved inorganic carbon recorded by coralline algae in the northern North Pacific Ocean and the Bering Sea, Biogeosciences Discuss, 7, 5801-5828, doi:10.5194/bgd-7- 5801-2010
  • 2012 Mumby, P. J., Steneck, R. S., Edwards, A.J., Coleman, R., Harborne, A. R., Gibson, J. P. Fishing down a Caribbean food web and discovering trophic cascades. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 445: 13 – 24
  • 2012 Arnold, S. N. and Steneck, R. S. Settling into an increasingly hostile world: The rapidly closing “recruitment window” for corals. PLoS ONE 6(12): e28681. 27 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0028681. (Selected by Faculty of 1000 Biology as among “the top 2% of published articles in biology and medicine”).
  • 2012 Nyström M, Norström AV, Bleckner T, de la Torre Castro M, Eklöf JS, Folke C, Steneck RS, Thyresson M, Troell M, Österblom H.. Confronting feedbacks of degraded marine ecosystems. Ecosystems. DOI 10.1007/s10021-012-9530-6
  • 2012 Perry, C. T., Edinger, E. N., Kench, P. S., Murphy, G. N., Smithers, S. G., Steneck, R. S. and Mumby P. J.. Estimating rates of biologically driven coral reef framework production and erosion: a new census-based carbonate budget methodology and application to the reefs of Bonaire. Coral Reefs 31: 853 – 868
  • 2012 Pikitch, E., Boersma, P.D., Boyd, I.L., Conover, D.O., Cury, P., Essington, T., Heppell, S.S., Houde, E.D., Mangel, M., Pauly, D., Plagányi, É., Sainsbury, K., and Steneck, R.S. 2012. Little Fish, Big Impact: Managing a Crucial Link in Ocean Food Webs. Lenfest Ocean Program. Washington, DC. 108 pp.
  • 2012 Steneck, R. S. Apex predators and trophic cascades in large marine ecosystems: learning from serendipity. Proceeding in the National Academy of Sciences. 109: 7953 – 7954.
  • 2013 Mumby, P, Steneck, R, Hastings, A. Evidence for and against the existence of alternate attractors on coral reefs. Oikos: doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2012.00262.
  • 2013 Perry CT, Murphy GN, Kench PS, Edinger EN, Smithers SG, Steneck RS, Mumby PJ. Caribbean-wide decline in carbonate production threatens coral reef growth. Nature Communications: DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2409.
  • 2013 Witman, J., Dayton, P. Arnold, S. Steneck, R., Marsh, A. Birkeland, C. 2011. The scuba science revolution. Smithsonian Cont. to Mar. Sci. 39: 3 – 12.
  • 2013 Estes, J. A., Steneck, R. S., Lindberg, D. R. Exploring the Consequences of Species Interactions through the Assembly and Disassembly of Food Webs: A Pacific/Atlantic Comparison. Bulletin of Marine Sciences. 89(1), 11-29.
  • 2013 Mumby, P.J., Bejarano, S. Golbuu, Y. Steneck, R. S. ,Suzanne N. Arnold, Robert van Woesik, Alan FriedlanderEmpirical relationships among resilience indicators on Micronesian reefs. Coral Reefs. DOI 10.1007/s00338-012-0966-0
  • 2013 Steneck RS. Sea urchins as drivers of shallow benthic marine community structure Pages 195 – 212 In “Sea Urchins: Biology and Ecology, Third Edition” (J. M. Lawrence, Ed.), Academic Press, San Diego.
  • 2013 Steneck, R. S., and Wahle, R. A. American lobster dynamics in a brave new ocean. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 2013, 70(11): 1612-1624
  • 2013 Steneck, R. S., Johnson, C. Kelp forests: dynamic patterns, processes and feedbacks. Pages 315 – 336 in Bertness, M., Silliman, B., Stachowitz, J. Marine Community Ecology. 2013 Steneck, R. S., Leland, A., McNaught, D.,Vavrinec, J. Ecosystem flips, locks and feedbacks: The lasting effects of fisheries on Maine’s kelp forest ecosystem. Bulletin of Marine Sciences. 89: 31 – 55 ( Selected by Faculty 1000 as outstanding. Also highlighted by the journal and awarded ‘open access’.
  • 2013 Wilson, J., Hill, J., Kersula, M., Wilson, C. L., Whitsel, L., Yan, L., Acheson, J., Chen, Y. Cleaver, C., Congdon, C., Hayden, A., Hayes, P., Johnson, T., Morehead, G., Steneck, R., Turner, R., Vadas, R., Wilson, C. J. Costly information and the evolution of selforganization in a small, complex economy. J. Econ. Behav. Org.
  • 2014 Steneck, R. S., Arnold, S. N., Mumby, P. J. Experiment mimics fishing on parrotfish: insights on coral reef recovery and alternative attractors. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 506: 115 – 127. doi/ 10.3354/meps10764.
  • 2014 Travis, J., Coleman, F. C., Auster, P. J., Cury, P.M., Estes, J. A., Orensanz, J., Peterson, C. H., Power, M. E., Steneck, R. S., Wootton, J. T. The invisible fabric of nature: species interactions and fisheries management. Proceedings of the National Academe of Sciences. (doi/10.1073/pnas.1305853111). 28
  • 2014 Perry CT, Murphy GN, Kench PS, Edinger EN, Smithers SG, Steneck RS, Mumby PJ. Changing dynamics of Caribbean reef carbonate budgets: emergence of reef bioeroders as critical controls on present and future reef growth potential’. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 281, 20142018.
  • 2014 Pikitch, Ellen; Rountos, Konstantine; Essington, Timothy; Santora, Christine; Pauly, Daniel; Watson, Reg; Sumaila, Rashid; Boersma, P; Boyd, Ian; Conover, David; Cury, Philippe; Heppell, Selina; Houde, Edward; Mangel, Marc; Plaganyi, Eva; Sanisbury, Keith; Steneck, Robert; Geers, Tess; Gownaris, Natasha; Munch, Stephan, The global contribution of forage fish to marine fisheries and ecosystems. Fish and Fisheries: 15: 43 – 64.
  • 2014 Ritson-Williams, R., Arnold, S. N. Paul, V. J., Steneck R. S. 2013. Larval settlement preferences of Acropora palmata and Montastraea faveolata in response to diverse red algae. Coral Reefs. DOI 10.1007/s00338-013-1113-2.
  • 2014 Williams, B., Halfar, J., DeLong, K.L., Hetzinger, S., Steneck, R. S., and Jacob, D. E., Multi-specimen and multi-site calibration of Aleutian coralline algal Mg/Ca to sea surface temperature. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.
  • 2014. Perry, C.T, Steneck, R. S. Murphy, G. N, Kench, P. S., Edinger,E. N., Smithers, S. G., Mumby, P. J. Regional-scale dominance of non-framework building corals on Caribbean reefs affects carbonate production and future reef growth. Global Change Biology. Doi: 10.1111/gcb.12792.
  • 2015 Dean, A., Steneck, R. S., Tager, D., Pandolfi, J. M. Overlooked biodiversity of crustose coralline algae on the Great Barrier Reef: Their Distribution, diversity and abundance. Coral Reefs: 34 (2): 581 – 594.
  • 2015 Edumnds, P., Steneck,R.,., Albright, L., Carpenter, R., Chuie, R. C., Fan, A., Gates, R., Harii, S., Kitano, H., Kurihara, H., Legendre, L , Mitarai, H., Nozawa, S., PadillaGamino, Y., Sakai, K. Suzuki, G., van Oppen, M., Price, N. N., , Satoh, N. Yarid, A., Geographic variation in long-term trajectories of change in coral recruitment: a global to local perspective. Marine and Freshwater Research 66(7) 609-622
  • 2015 Roff, G., Doropoulos, C., Zupan, M. Rogers, A., Steneck, R., Golbuu, Y and Mumby, P. J. Phase shift facilitation following cyclone disturbance on coral reefs. Oecologia: 178, Issue 4, pp 1193-1203
  • 2015 Fietzke, J., Ragazzola, F., Halfar, J., Dietze, H., Foster, L. C., Hansteen, T. H., Eisenhauer, A. and Steneck, R. S. Boron isotope images reveal seasonal cycle and long -term trend in sea water pH. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(10), 2960-2965..
  • 2015 Quéré, G., Steneck, R. S., Nugues, M. M. Spatio-temporal and species-specific patterns of diseases affecting crustose coralline algae in Curacao. Coral Reefs. 34: 259 – 273. DOI 10.1007/s00338-014-1225.
  • 2015 Quéré, G., Meistertzheim, A.L., Steneck, R.S. and Nugues, M.M., 2015. Histopathology of crustose coralline algae affected by white band and white patch diseases. PeerJ, 3, p.e1034.
  • 2015 Roff, G., Bejarano, S., Bozec, Y., Nuges, M., Steneck, R. S., Mumby, P. J. Porites and the Phoenix effect: unprecedented recovery after a mass coral bleaching event at Rangiroa Atoll, French Polynesia. Marine biology, 161(6), 1385-1393.
  • 2015 Roff, G., Chollett, I., Doropolous, C., Golbuu, Y., Steneck, R. S., and Mumby, P.J. Exposure-driven phase shift following catastrophic disturbance on coral reefs. Coral Reefs. 34:715 – 725.
  • 2015 Aswani, S., Mumby, P. J. Baker, A. C., Christie P., McCook, L. J., Steneck, R. S. and Richmond, R. H. Scientific Frontiers in the Management of Coral Reefs. Frontiers in Marine Science. 2:50 doi: 10.3389/fmars.201500050 29
  • 2015 Mumby, P. J., Steneck, R. S., Adjeroud, M. Arnold, S., N. The importance of herbivorous fish as a driver of coral recruitment in Pacific versus Atlantic ecosystems. Oikos. DOI: 10.1111/oik.02673
  • 2015 Fredriksen, S., Karsten, U., Bartsch, I., Woelfel, J., Koblowsky, M., Schumann, R., Moy, S., Steneck, R., Wiktor, J., Wiencke, C. Biodiversity of benthic micro- and macroalgae from Svalbard with special focus on Kongsfjorden. Adv Polar Ecol. In press.
  • 2016 Mumby, P.J., Steneck, R.S., Adjeroud, M. and Arnold, S.N., 2016. High resilience masks underlying sensitivity to algal phase shifts of Pacific coral reefs. Oikos, 125(5), pp.644- 655. 2016 Krumhansl KA1 *; Okamoto D1 ; Rassweiler A3 ; Novak M4 ; Cavanaugh KC5 ; Connell SD6 ; Johnson C7 ; Konar B8 ; Ling S7 ; Micheli F9 ; Norderhaug K10; Pérez-Matus A11; Pinto IS12; Reed D3 ; Salomon A1 ; Shears N13; Wernberg T14; Barrett N7 ; Buschmann AH15; Carr M16; Caselle JE7 ; Derriene S17; Goodwin C18; Edgar G7 ; Edwards ME19; Estes J16; Kenner M16; Kushner DJ20; Moy F21; Nunn J18; Steneck R22; Vásquez J23; Vega A23; Witman J24 Byrnes J2 ; Global Patterns of Kelp Forest Change over the Past Half-Century. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Doi/10.1073/pnas.1606102113.
  • 2017 McHenry, J., Steneck, R.S. and Brady, D.C., Abiotic proxies for predictive mapping of nearshore benthic assemblages: implications for marine spatial planning. Ecological Applications, 27(2), pp.603-618.
  • 2017 Camacho, R.A. and Steneck, R.S., 2017. Creating a TURF from the bottom-up: Antigua’s community-based coral reef no-take reserve. Bulletin of Marine Science, 93(1), pp.217- 232.
  • 2017 Steneck, R. S., Bellwood, D. R., Hay, M. E. Herbivory in the Marine Realm. Current Biology 27: 1-6. Impact factor 8.85
  • 2017 Bejarano, S., Jouffray, J. Chollett, I., Allen, R., Elma, E., Roff, G. Steneck, R., Ferse, S., Mumby, P. J. The shape of success in a turbulent world:Wave exposure filtering of coral reef fishes. Functional Ecology 2017 doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12828. Impact factor 5.21
  • 2017 Steneck, R. S., Parma, A., Ernst, B., Wilson, J. Two lobster tales: lessons from the convergent evolution of TURFs in Maine (USA) and the Juan Fernandez Islands (Chile)”. Bulletin of Marine Sciences. 93: 13 – 33. Editor’s choice for “Featured article” and awarded ‘open access’. Impact factor 2.26
  • 2017 Williams, B., Halfar, J., DeLong, K.L., Smith, E., Steneck, R., Lebednik, P., Jacob, D. E., Fietzke, J., Moore, G. W. K. North Pacific 20th century decadal-scale variability is unique for the past 350 years. Geophysical Research Letters. 44: 3761 – 3769. Impact factor 4.25
  • 2018 Hetzinger, S., Halfar, J., Kronz, A., Simon, K., Adey, W.H. and Steneck, R.S., 2018. Reproducibility of Clathromorphum compactum coralline algal Mg/Ca ratios and comparison to high-resolution sea surface temperature data. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 220, pp.96-109. Impact factor 4.25
  • 2018 Mumby, P. J.,. Steneck, R. S. Paradigm lost: Dynamic nutrients and missing detritus on coral reefs. BioScience in press. Impact factor 5.38
  • 2018 Perry, C., T., Alvarez-Flip, Graham, N. A, Kench, P. S., Manzello, D. P. Steneck, R. S., et al. Loss of coral reef growth capacity to track sea-level rise under climate change. Nature. Impact factor 40.13.
  • 2018 Pikitch, E. K., Munch, S. B., Broms K. M, Mangel, Perretti, C., D. Boersma, Boyd, I., L., Conover, D. O., Cury, P., Essington, T. Geers, N. Gownaris, S. Heppell, E. Houde, D. Pauly, E. Plaganyi, Rountos, KI., Sainsbury, K., Santora, R. S. Steneck. The Strong Connection Between Forage Fish and Their Predators: Correcting Hilborn et al. Fisheries Research. 198: 220 – 223. Impact factor 1.9. 30
  • 2018 Roff, George, Sonia Bejarano2 , Mark Priest1 , Alyssa Marshell3 , Iliana Chollett4 , Robert S. Steneck5 , Christopher Doropoulos6 , Yimnang Golbuu7 , Peter J Mumby1 Seascapes as drivers of coral reef ecosystem function. In press: Ecological Monographs. Impact factor 8.7
  • 2018 Steneck, R. S., Peter J. Mumby, Chancey MacDonald, Douglas B. Rasher, George Stoyle Attenuating effects of ecosystem management on coral reefs Science Advances.. 4, eaao5493 (2018) DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aao5493. Impact factor 11.51.
  • 2018 Steneck, R. S., The Gulf of Maine: A laboratory for overexploitation. Chapter in Hunter, M. D., Conservation Biology.


In press. Submitted and In Revision:

  • 2018 Price, N. N., Legendre, S., Steneck,R., Albright, L., Carpenter, R., Chuie, R. C., Fan, A., Gates, R., Harii, S., Kitano, H., Kurihara, H., Mitarai, H., Nozawa, S., Padilla-Gamino, Y., Sakai, K. Suzuki, G., van Oppen, M., Satoh, N. Yarid, A., Edumnds, P. Global biogeography of coral recruitment: tropical decline and subtropical increase. Submitted to Marine Ecology Progress Series
  • 2018 Mumby, Peter J., Robert S. Steneck, Karlo Hock, Claire B. Paris. A mechanistic theory of grazing by Caribbean parrotfishes encompassing behaviour, dispersal, and diversity at multiple scales.
  • 2018 Stoll, J., Fogarty, M., Leslie, H., Steneck, R., S. Wilson, J. Modularity in marine systems to be submitted to Science Policy Forum
  • 2018 Cammen, K., and Steneck, R. “Looking back to see forward: moving beyond protected species recovery in coastal ocean ecosystems” submitted to Conservation Biology
  • 2018 Fortunato, E., Pineda, P., Bonilla, Y., Toribio, N., Garcia, J. Guzman, R, Tavares, P., Esquea, C., Torres, R., Steneck, R. . Rapid coral ecosystem monitoring in the Dominican Republic using the Guidelines of the Global Network Monitoring (GCRMN) for coral reefs of the Caribbean. Submitted 2018 Laetitia Hédouin, Héloïse Rouzé, Cécile Berthe, Elodie Martinez, Pierre Galand, Franck Lerouvreur, Maggy Nugues, Xavier Pochon, Robert Steneck, Serge Planes. . Facing the third global coral bleaching event: some Polynesian reefs win and some lose Submitted to Marine Environmental Research
  • 2018. Anglès d’Auriac, M. B., Le Gall, L., Peña, V., Hall-Spencer, J. Steneck, R. Fredriksen, S., Husa, V., Gitmark, J. Christie, H., Eli Rinde. Efficient coralline algal psbA mini barcoding and HRM analysis using a simple custom DNA preparation” Submitted to: Nature Scientific Reports.
  • 2018. Rasher, D. B., “Biodiversity enhances coral reef functioning across multiple scales”. Submitted to PNAS 2019 Chan, P., Halfar, J., Adey, W. H., Lebednik, P. A., Steneck, R. S., Norley, C. J. D., and Holdsworth D. W. Recent decline in skeletal density and calcification rates of subarctic crustose coralline algae. Submitted to PNAS.
  • 2019, Mary K. Donovan, Katie L. Cramer, Vivian Y. Y. Lam, Terry Hughes,Robert Steneck, Mark J. A. Vermeij, Rolf P. M. Bak, Iliana Chollett, Jeremy B. C. Jackson1 et. al., Good governance and regulations increase coral reef resilience. Submitted to Science


  • 2013 to 2016 — $574,617.00 — Ocean Acidification: Century Scale Impacts to Ecosystem Structure and Function of Aleutian Kelp Forests from National Science Foundation
  • 2013 to 2014 — $23,000.00 — The Antillean Archipelago: A laboratory for studying coral reef resilience and fisheries from National Geographic