Books (peer-reviewed)

Ecosystem-based managment for the oceans book

McLeod, K. L. and H. M. Leslie (editors). 2009. Ecosystem-Based Management for the Oceans. Washington, DC: Island Press. Read it online or buy the Kindle version

Peer-reviewed Articles & Book Chapters

Stoll, J., H. M. Leslie, M. Britsch, C. Cleaver. 2019. Aquaculture and the cultivation of a new crop of marine resource users in Maine’s seafood economy. Marine Policy 107:

Leslie, H. M. 2018. Value of ecosystem-based management.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Álvarez-Romero, J. G, M. Mills, V. M. Adams, G. G. Gurney, R. L. Pressey, R. Weeks, N. C. Ban, J. Cheok, T. E. Davies, J. C. Day, M A. Hamel, H. M. Leslie, and R. A. Magris. 2018. Research advances and gaps in marine planning: towards a global database in systematic conservation planning Biological Conservation, doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2018.06.027

Aburto-Oropeza, O. et al., including HML and many others. 2018. Harnessing cross-border resources to confront climate change. Environmental Science and Policy

Pellowe, K. E. and H. M. Leslie. 2017. Seasonal variability shapes resilience of small-scale fisheries in Baja California Sur, Mexico. PLoS ONE 12(8):e0182200.

Leslie, H. M. Principles for Interdisciplinary Conservation. 2017. Chapter 6 in Levin, P. S. and M. R. Poe, eds. Conservation for the Anthropocene Ocean. Elsevier.

Hughes, A. R., J. H. Grabowski, H. M. Leslie, S. Schphers, S. L. Williams.  2017. Inclusion of biodiversity in habitat restoration policy to facilitate ecosystem recovery. Conservation Letters, 10.1111/conl.12419

Menge, B. A., M. Bracken, J. Lubchenco, and H. M. Leslie. 2017. Alternative state? Experimentally-induced Fucus canopy persists 38 years in an Ascophyllum-dominated community. Ecosphere, doi: 10.1002/ecs2.1725.

Crosby, S. C., A. Angermeyer, J. M. Adler, M. D. Bertness, L. A. Deegan, N. Sibinga, and H. M. Leslie. 2016. Spartina alterniflora biomass allocation and temperature: implications for salt marsh persistence with sea-level rise. Estuaries and Coasts, doi:10.1007/s12237-016-0142-9.

Crosby, S. C., D. Sax., M. E. Palmer. H. S. Booth, L. A. Deegan, M. D. Bertness, and H. M Leslie. 2016. Salt marsh persistence is threatened by predicted sea level rise. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 181:93-99.

Baker, H.K., J. A. Nelson, H. M. Leslie. 2016. Quantifying striped bass (Morone saxatilis) dependence on salt marsh derived productivity used stable isotope analysis. Estuaries and Coasts, online 4.5.16.

Aburto, O., H. M. Leslie, A. Mack-Crane, S. Nagavarapu, S. M.W. Reddy, and L. Sievanen. 2016. Property rights for fishing cooperatives: how (and how well) do they work? World Bank Economic Review, published online 3.16.

Leslie, H. M., L. Sievanen, T. Gancos Crawford, R. Gruby, H. C. Villanueva-Aznar, and L. M. Campbell. 2015. Learning from ecosystem-based management in practice. Coastal Management, published online 10.14.15. 

Leslie, H. M., X. Basurto, M. Nenadovic, L. Sievanen,, K. C. Cavanaugh, J. J. Cota-Nieto, B. Erisman, E. Finkbeiner, G. Hinojosa-Arango, M. Moreno-Báez, S. Nagavarapu, S. M. W. Reddy, A. Sánchez-Rodríguez, K. Siegel, J. J. Ulibarria-Valenzuela, A. H. Weaver, O. Aburto-Oropeza. 2015. Operationalizing the social-ecological systems framework to assess sustainability. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112: 5979–5984.

Crosby, S. C., M. Ivens-Duran, M. D. Bertness, E. Davy, L. A. Deegan, and H. M. Leslie. 2015. Flowering and biomass allocation in U.S. Atlantic coast Spartina alterniflora (Poaceae)American Journal of Botany, doi:10.3732/ajb.1400534.

Leslie, H. M. and M. Palmer. 2015. Examining the impacts of tidal energy capture from an ecosystem services perspective. Marine Technology Society Journal 49(1):97-114. Please email heather.leslie(at) for more information.

Cockrell, M. L., J. R. Bernhardt, and H. M. Leslie. 2015. Recruitment, abundance, and predation on the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) on northeastern estuarine rocky shores. Ecosphere 6(1):18.

Tallis, H. and 239 co-authors, including H. M. Leslie. 2014. The call for inclusive conservation. Nature 515:27-28.

Sievanen, L. 2014. How do small-scale fishers adapt to environmental variability? Lessons from Baja California Sur, Mexico. Maritime Studies 13:9.

Lamb, E, H. M. Leslie, and J Shinen. 2014. Both like it hot? Influence of aerial temperature on two co-occurring intertidal barnacles in central Chile.  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 453: 54–61.

Leslie, H. M., E. Goldman, K. M. McLeod, L. Sievanen, H. Balasubramanian, R. Cudney-Bueno, A. Feurerstein, N. Knowlton, K. Lee, R. Pollnac, and J. F. Samhouri. 2013. How good science and stories can go hand?in?hand. Conservation Biology 27: 1126-1129DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12080

Reddy, S. M. W., A.Wentz, O. Aburto-Oropeza, M.  Maxey, S. Nagavarapu, and H. M. Leslie. 2013. Evidence of market-driven size-selective fishing and the mediating effects of biological and institutional factors. Ecological Applications 23(4):726-741.

Bernhardt, J. R. and H. M. Leslie. 2013. Resilience to climate change in coastal marine ecosystems. Annual Review of Marine Science 5.371-392. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-marine-121211-172411.

Sievanen, L., R. L. Gruby, and L. M. Campbell. 2013. Fixing Marine Governance in Fiji? The New Scalar Narrative of Ecosystem-Based Management. Global Environmental Change 23:206-216.

Halpern, B. S., C. Longo, D. Hardy, K. L McLeod, J. F. Samhouri, S. K. Katona, K. Kleisner, S. E. Lester, J. O’Leary, M. Ranelletti, A. A. Rosenberg, C. Scarborough, E. R. Selig, B. D. Best, D. R. Brumbaugh, F. S. Chapin III, L. B. Crowder, K. L. Daly, S. C. Doney, C. Elfes, M. J. Fogarty, S. D. Gaines, K. I. Jacobsen, L. Bunce Karrer, H. M. Leslie and 8 others. 2012. An index to assess the health and benefits of the global ocean. Nature 488:615-620.

Sievanen, L., L.M. Campbell, and H.M. Leslie. 2012. Challenges to Interdisciplinary Research in Ecosystem-Based Management. Conservation Biology. 26(2): 315-323.

Hastings, J., R.L. Gruby, L. Sievanen. 2012. Science-based coastal management in Fiji: Two case studies from the NGO sector. Marine Policy. 36: 907-914.

Sievanen, L., H.M. Leslie, J.M. Wondolleck, S.L. Yaffee, K.L. McLeod and L.M. Campbell. 2011. Linking top-down and bottom-up processes through the new US National Ocean Policy. Conservation Letters. DOI: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2011.00178.x

Gedan, K.B., J. Bernhardt, M.D. Bertness, and H.M. Leslie. 2011. Substrate size mediates thermal stress in the rocky intertidal. Ecology 92:576–582. doi:10.1890/10-0717.1.

Leslie, H.M., M. Schlüter, R. Cudney-Bueno, and S. A. Levin. 2009. Modeling responses of the coupled social-ecological systems of the northern Gulf of California to anthropogenic and natural perturbations. Ecological Research 24(3); 505-514.

Schlüter, M., H. M. Leslie, and S. A. Levin. 2009. Managing water use tradeoffs in a semi-arid river delta to sustain multiple ecosystem services – a modeling approach. Ecological Research 24(3): 491-503.

Leslie, H.M., A. R. Rosenberg, J. Eagle. 2008. Is a new mandate needed for marine ecosystem-based management? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6(1):43-48.

Leslie, H. M. and K. L. McLeod. 2007. Confronting the challenges of implementing marine ecosystem-based management. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 5(10):540-548.

Hughes, T. P., L. Gunderson, C. Folke, A. Baird, D. Bellwood, F. Berkes, B. Crona, A. Helfgott, H. Leslie, J. Norberg, M. Nyström, P. Olsson, H. Österblom, M.Scheffer, H. Schuttenberg, R.S. Steneck, M. Tengö, M. Troell, B. Walker, J. Wilson, B. Worm. 2007. Adaptive Management of the Great Barrier Reef and the Grand Canyon World Heritage Areas. Ambio 36:586-592.

Satake, A., H. M. Leslie, Y. Iwasa, and S. A. Levin. 2007. Coupled ecological-social dynamics in a forested landscape: spatial interactions and information flow. Journal of Theoretical Biology 246: 695-707.

Berkes, F., T. P. Hughes, R. S. Steneck, J. A. Wilson, D. R. Bellwood, B. Crona, C. Folke, L. H. Gunderson, H. M. Leslie, J. Norberg, M. Nyström, P. Olsson, H. Österblom, M. Scheffer, B. Worm. 2006. Globalization, roving bandits and marine resources. Science 311:1557-58.

Leslie, H. M. 2005a. A synthesis of marine conservation planning approaches. Cons. Biol. 19(6): 1701-1713.

Leslie, H. M., E. N. Breck, F. Chan, B. A. Menge, and J. Lubchenco. 2005. Barnacle reproductive hotspots linked to nearshore ocean conditions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102(30):10534-39.

Leslie, H. M. 2005b. Positive intraspecific effects trump negative effects in high-density barnacle aggregations. Ecology 86(10):2716-2725.

Giller, P., H. Hillebrand, U G. Berninger, M. Gessner, S. Hawkins, P. Inchausti, C. Inglis, H. Leslie, B. Malmqvist, M. Monaghan, P. Morin, G. O’Mullan. 2004. Biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning: emerging issues and their experimental test in aquatic communities. Oikos 104(3): 423-436.

Leslie, H., M. Ruckelshaus, I. R. Ball, S. Andelman, and H. P. Possingham. 2003. Using siting algorithms in the design of marine reserve networks. Ecological Applications 13(1): S185-S198.

Airamé, S., J. E. Dugan, K. D. Lafferty, H. Leslie, D. A. McArdle, and R. R. Warner. 2003. Applying ecological criteria to marine reserve design: A case study from the California Channel Islands. Ecol. Appl. 13(1): S170-S184.

Menge, B. A., J. Lubchenco, M. E. S. Bracken, F. Chan, M. M. Foley, T. L. Freidenburg, S. D. Gaines, G. Hudson, C. Krenz, H. Leslie, D. N. L. Menge, R. Russell, and M. S. Webster. 2003. Coastal oceanography sets the pace of rocky intertidal community dynamics. PNAS 100(21):12229-12234.

Palumbi, S. R., S.D. Gaines, H. Leslie, and R. R. Warner. 2003. New wave: high-tech tools to help marine reserve research. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1(2): 73-79.

Roberts, C. M., S .J. Andelman, G. M. Branch, R. Bustamante, J. C. Castilla, J. E. Dugan, B. Halpern, K. D. Lafferty, H. Leslie, J. Lubchenco, D. A. McArdle, H. P. Possingham, M. H. Ruckelshaus, and R. R. Warner. 2003a. Ecological criteria for evaluating candidate sites for marine reserves. Ecol. Appl. 13(1): S199-S214.

Roberts, C. M., G. Branch, R. H. Bustamante, J. C. Castilla, J. Dugan, B. Halpern, K. D. Lafferty, H. Leslie, J. Lubchenco, D. McArdle, M. Ruckelshaus, and R. R. Warner. 2003b. Application of ecological criteria in selecting marine reserves and developing reserve networks. Ecol. Appl. 13(1): S215-S228.

Book Chapters (peer-reviewed)

Leslie, H. M. and A. P Kinzig. 2009. Resilience Science. Chapter 4 In: Ecosystem-Based Management for the Oceans. Washington, DC: Island Press.

McLeod, K. L. and H. M. Leslie. 2009. Why Ecosystem-Based Management? Chapter 1 in Ecosystem-Based Management for the Oceans. Washington, DC: Island Press.

McLeod, K. L. and H. M. Leslie. 2009. State of Practice. Chapter 17 in Ecosystem-Based Management for the Oceans. Washington, DC: Island Press.

McLeod, K. L. and H. M. Leslie. 2009. Ways Forward. Chapter 19 in Ecosystem-Based Management for the Oceans. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Sala, O.E., D. Sax, and H. Leslie. 2009. Biodiversity consequences of biofuel production, pp 127-37. Ch 7 In R.W. Howarth and S. Bringezu (eds) Biofuels: Environmental Consequences and Interactions with Changing Land Use. Proceedings of the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) International Biofuels Project Rapid Assessment, 22-25 September 2008, Gummersbach Germany. Cornell University, Ithaca NY, USA.

Non-Refereed Articles

McLeod, K. M. and H. Leslie. 2005. Marine Ecosystem-Based Management: Transforming U.S. Ocean Policy. In M. Groom et al. (eds.), Principles of Conservation Biology (3rd edition), pp. 476-479.

Simler, B., R. Davis-Born, A. Guerry, H. Leslie, and J. Lubchenco. 2002. The Catalogue of Oregon Marine and Coastal Information: Meta-data to inform area-based management. In Proceedings of 2002 Conference of The Coastal Society.

Leslie, H. 2001. Coastal Zone Management. In J. Barry and E. G. Frankland (eds.) International Encyclopedia of Environmental Politics. Florence, KY: Routledge. p. 94-95.

Leslie, H. 1999. It’s too soon to open just-recovering scallop beds. The Boston Globe, p. A17 (2/25/99).

Leslie, H. 1997. Coastal wetlands management in Yucatan, Mexico: Nature-based tourism in the Celestún Estuary. In M. C. Miller and J. Cogan (eds.) Coastal Zone 97 Conference Proceedings, Vol. 2., Boston, MA: 1997, pp. 938-940.

Leslie, H. 1994. Birds, buggies, and barrier beaches. Sanctuary. Lincoln, MA: Massachusetts Audubon Society. pp. 16-17.

Book Reviews

Leslie, H. M. 2011. Roadmap to Nature’s Benefits. Science 332: 1264-1265.

Leslie, H. 2008. Global Coastal Change. The Quarterly Review of Biol. 83(1):136-137.

Leslie, H. 2004. Coastal Marine Conservation: Science and Policy. The Quarterly Review of Biol. 79(4): 447.