A Sideways Look at Upper Ontologies

This paper explores an alternative vision for upper ontologies which is more effective at facilitating the sharability and reusability of ontologies. The notion of generic ontologies is characterized through the formalization of ontological commitments and choices. Ontology repositories are used to modularize ontologies so that any particular upper ontology is equivalent to the union of a set of generic ontologies. In this way, upper ontologies are not replaced but rather integrated with other theories in the ontology repository.

Michael Grüninger, Torsten Hahmann, Megan Katsumi, Carmen Chui: A Sideways Look at Upper Ontologies. Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, Volume 267: Formal Ontology in Information Systems, 2014