Overview of Export Control

Export Control Regulations (ECR) constitute a body of law enacted by the federal government to protect national and economic security and advance U.S. foreign policy goals by prohibiting the unlicensed transfer of items  that are subject to trade restrictions or have proprietary, military, or economic applications to foreign nationals.

A number of federal agencies and departments have a degree of responsibility for administering and enforcing ECR, however, primary jurisdiction resides within the Departments of Treasury, State, and Commerce, specifically:

Impact of Export Control Regulations on University Activities

Export control regulations apply to the transfer of controlled items to foreign nationals by actual shipment out of the U.S., and also by transfer of controlled technology/technical data and/or encryption software by written, oral, or visual release or disclosure to foreign nationals both in- and outside of U.S. borders.  Consequently, export controls can impact University activities on-campus as well as abroad, including:

  • International travel, fieldwork & conferences
  • International shipping
  • International financial transactions
  • Hosting a foreign visitor/scholar
  • Foreign national participation in research activities
  • International collaboration
  • Using 3rd party proprietary information/restricted materials
  • Teaching courses abroad or online

Additionally, the Department of Homeland Security requires all new, renewed, or amended H1-B, H-1B1 Chile/Singapore, L-1, and O-1A visa petitions filed with the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) include a Certification Regarding the Release of Controlled Technology or Technical Data to Foreign Persons in the United States (PDF).  This ‘Deemed Export Attestation’, as it is also known, can affect the University’s ability to hire a candidate of foreign nationality and preclude an employee of foreign nationality from participating in research that involves controlled items.

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