Research Security & Foreign Influence


There is growing concern by the United States (U.S.) government regarding inappropriate influence by foreign entities to federally funded research. The Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) and federal sponsors such as the National Science Foundation (NSF), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Department of Defense (DoD), and the Department of Energy (DoE) have issued communications with the research community about research security and have expressed concerns for the potential for foreign influence in research due to (1) failure by some investigators to disclose financial support from other organizations, including foreign governments, (2) diversion of intellectual property to foreign entities, and (3) sharing of confidential information by peer reviewers with others, including some instances with foreign entities.

While the University of Maine thrives on, and encourages international collaboration, investigators must be transparent about their foreign relationships and activities, and take steps to protect their research. Failure to mitigate foreign influence in research jeopardizes the research enterprise at UMaine and the U.S. at large.

This webpage serves as a resource for guidance regarding foreign influence in research and research security, including steps the University is taking to address and mitigate these concerns, sponsor-specific guidance, and investigator responsibilities.

Disclosure of Foreign Relationships and Activities & Other Investigator Responsibilities

Transparency in disclosure

All foreign components of federally funded research should be disclosed during proposals, progress reports, and final technical reports. Investigators with external funding should carefully review the sponsor’s current disclosure requirements and contact the UMaine Office of Research Administration (ORA) for assistance or further guidance. In addition, investigators should:

Faculty and staff should also familiarize themselves with the University of Maine System (UMS) and UMaine policies applicable to Conflict of Interest and outside employment and be fully transparent in disclosing outside interests and commitments. These policies include:

The federal government has directed the university community to exercise extreme caution related to involvement with Foreign Talent Recruitment Programs (FTRP) due to the concern they may be used by foreign governments to acquire U.S. government-funded scientific research and valuable intellectual property.  The CHIPS and Science Act of 2022 (external link) (CHIPS Act) directs federal research sponsors to maintain policies which: 

  • require covered individuals to disclose all participation in FTRPs, and
  • prohibit recipients of federal support from participating in any Malign FTRPs (MFTRPs).

Researchers must familiarize themselves with institutional and agency requirements for disclosure of participation in FTRP and prohibitions against participating in any MFTRPs. More information about FTRP and MFTRP.

Export controls

  • Review UMaine’s guidance regarding export control regulations, and contact the Office of Research Compliance for Restricted Party Screening and other export compliance assistance before engaging with foreign partners/entities (including sponsoring visiting scholars and researchers).

Security of Materials, Data and Confidential Information

  • Practice good cyber hygiene – review the policy & guidance available from UMaine Advanced Research Computing, Security, and Information Management (ARCSIM) and the UMS Information Security Office
  • Utilize a Material Transfer Agreement (MTA) or Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA) when sharing or exchanging materials
  • Note that all agreements must be reviewed and signed by institutional officials with the appropriate signature authority
  • Accepting controlled information or restrictions under research agreements may require the use of Technology Control Plans (TCP) or heightened cybersecurity. Typically, this would be identified through review of an agreement through either the Office of Research Administration (ORA) or Department of Industrial Cooperation (DIC), however – if you accept or anticipate accepting controlled information and are not already working with ORA or DIC (such as through a conference or loose collaboration), contact the Office of Research Compliance to request a review and establish a TCP.

Intellectual Property

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Select Communications Regarding Foreign Influence and Research Security

Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP)

National Counterintelligence and Security Center (NCSC)

National Science Foundation (NSF)

National Institutes of Health (NIH)

Department of Energy (DOE)

Department of Defense (DoD)

Federal Law Enforcement Activity

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