Aram Calhoun

Media Expertise:
Wetland Ecology and Conservation
Natural resource planning

Research Interests
Vernal Pools
Wetland Ecology
Microbial Ecology
Sustainability Science
Human dimensions of natural resource conservation

Research Projects
Protecting Natural Resources at the Community Scale

Presentation – 2017 Maine Sustainability & Water Conference
Talk – Conserving Small Natural Features with Large Ecological Importance (Vimeo)


  • University of Maine, Ph.D. (Plant Biology and Microbial Ecology)
  • University of Rhode Island, M.S. (Natural Resources Science and Wetland Ecology)
  • Rhode Island College, M.A. (Education)
  • Brown University, A.B. (American Civilization)

WLE 423: Wetland Ecology and Conservation
Graduate short-courses on conservation planning


Aram Calhoun is a wetland ecologist and faculty member at the University of Maine. Her research focuses on wetland ecology and policy and vernal pool conservation. Her work stresses the importance of conserving natural resources (wetlands and vernal pools) and/or target species (wood frogs, spotted salamanders, and blue-spotted salamanders) on private lands by addressing both human and ecological dimensions.

Calhoun’s research with the Mitchell Center uses local vernal pool conservation as a model to help communities find ways to balance economic development with natural resource conservation on private land. One aspect of Calhoun’s research is working with two Maine towns on conservation solutions that involve multiple levels of government, diverse state agencies and private interests for the conservation of vernal pools. Her work also involves working with the Environment and Natural Resources Committee of the State Legislature on the importance of wetland and vernal pool protection.

Calhoun’s research has been funded in large part by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Science Foundation, Maine EPSCoR, and the Senator George J. Mitchell Center. She has published in multiple peer-reviewed journals including Proceedings of the Natural Academy of Science, Ecology, Biological Conservation, Forest Ecology and Management, Freshwater Biology, Society and Natural Resources, and Wetlands.

Selected Publications

Cohen, M.J., I.F. Creed, L. Alexander, N.B. Basu, A.J.K. Calhoun, et al. 2016. Do geographically isolated wetlands influence landscape functions? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113:1978-1986.

McGreavy, B., A. J. K. Calhoun, J. Jansujwicz and V. Levesque. 2016. Citizen science and natural resource governance: program design for vernal pool policy innovation. Ecology and Society 21 (2):48. [online] URL:

Levesque, V., A.J.K. Calhoun, and K.P. Bell. 2016. Turning contention into collaboration: Engaging power, trust, and learning in collaborative networks. Society and Natural Resources.

Levesque, V.R., K.P. Bell, and A.J.K. Calhoun. 2016. Planning for sustainability in small municipalities: The influence of interest groups, growth patterns, and institutional characteristics. Journal of Planning Education and Research.

Groff, L.A., A.J.K. Calhoun, and C. Loftin.. 2016 . Hibernal ecology and habitat selection of wood frogs (Lithobates sylvaticus) in a northern New England montane landscape. Journal of herpetology.

Hunter, M.L., P. Barton, and A.J.K. Calhoun et al. 2016. Two roles for ecological surrogacy: Indicator surrogates and management surrogates. Ecological Indicators.

Cohen MJ, I. Creed, L. Alexander, NB Basu, A.J.K. Calhoun et al. 2016. Do geographically isolated wetlands influence landscape functions? Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 113: 1978-1986.

Mushet, D.M., A.J.K. Calhoun, L.C. Alexander, et al. 2015. Geographically isolated wetlands: Rethinking a misnomer. Wetlands 35:423-431

Calhoun A.J.K., J.S. Jansujwicz, K.P. Bell, and M.L. Hunter, Jr. 2014. Improving management of small natural features on private lands by negotiating the science-policy boundary. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 111:11002–11006.

Calhoun, A.J.K., J. Arrigoni, R.P. Brooks, M.L. Hunter, Jr., and S.P. Richter. 2014. Creating successful vernal pools: A literature review and advice for practitioners. Wetlands 34(5):1027-1038.

Reports, Books, and Chapters:

Hunter, M.L., D.B. Lindenmayer, and A.J.K. Calhoun. 2015 (2nd edition). Saving the Earth as a career: Advice on becoming a conservation professional. Blackwell Publishing, VA.

Calhoun, A.J.K. and P.G. deMaynadier (eds.). 2008. Science and conservation of vernal pools in northeastern North America. CRC Press, Boca Rotan, FL.

Colburn, EA and AJK Cahoun. 2016. Vernal pools of northeastern North America Pages xxx-xxx In: Finlayson, C.M., NC Davidson, GR Milton, and C. Prentice (eds). The Wetland Book: Distribution, Description and Conservation. Springer.

Greig, H. and A.J.K. Calhoun. 2015. Searching for the holy grail of wetland integrity: Are surrogates still relevant in conservation? In CSIRO, AU.