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Collections - MF 040 “Maine Women During the Depression and World War II” Project

Number of Interviews: 65
Dates when interviews were conducted: 1982
Time period covered: 1929-1946
Principal interviewers: Rita Breton, Suzanne Winkelman, Steven Sullivan, Debbie Brooks, Nan Lincoln, Anne-Marie Martin, Patrick Dunn, Lizabeth MacDonald, Eric Allen, Margaret Lanoue, Kathy Morris, and Elizabeth Dougherty
Finding Aides: brief indexes
Access Restrictions: none

Description: This collection began with the research done by Rita Breton as part of her graduate work in history at the University of Maine. Breton conducted approximately twenty interviews with Maine women about their lives and work during the Great Depression and WWII. In addition, in the fall of 1982, students in Edward D. Ives’ class AY 125 were asked to locate and interview people on the topic of womens’ lives during the Depression and World War II. Collection also contains numerous photographs. Some of the interviews relate to Winkelman’s M. A. Thesis “Work is What Keeps You Going: The Life and Times of Bertha Moore Lord: An Experiment in Biography,” University of Maine, 1986.

1493 Breton, Rita. Spring 1981. Maine: Orono. 44 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Evelyn Plummer Miller and Hortense Bradbury Monaghan about life of rural Maine women during the Great Depression; their work as home demonstration agents for the Maine Cooperative Extension Service in the 1930’s. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1597

1511 Breton, Rita. Spring 1981. Maine: Augusta. 36 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Alice Hunnewell about life during the Depression and W. W. II; teaching experiences, 1928 to 1954; Cooperative Extension work, 1954 to 1967; news clipping. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1614

1512 Breton, Rita. Spring 1981. Maine: Hallowell. 25 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Doris Ladd about life during the Depression in Brownville Junction & Milo, Maine; W. W. II years in Bath, Maine; Cooperative Extension work, 1950’s and 60’s. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1615

1513 Breton, Rita. Spring 1981. Maine: Gorham. 43 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Edna Dickey about college and teaching experiences during the Depression; her work as a farmerette in Maine’s Women’s Land Army during W. W. II. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1616

1514 Breton, Rita. Spring 1981. Maine: Westbrook. 54 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Charlotte Lovejoy about college and teaching experiences during the Depression; life as a young wife and mother during W. W. II; copy of 1930s bank book; ration coupons. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1617

1516 Breton, Rita. Summer 1981. Maine: Brunswick. 24 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Jessie Oak about her work as an Extension Service agent in Maine, 1929 to 1940; the effect of the Depression on farm families. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1618

1532 Breton, Rita. Fall 1981. Maine: Orrs Island. 35 pp. Tape: 1 1/2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Ethel Linscott about growing up during the Depression; her work at the Saco-Lowell Foundry and Bath Iron Works during World War II; photos, P5245 – P5247, P5251 – P5252. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1628

1535 Breton, Rita. Fall 1981. Maine: Mapleton. 31 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Avis “Ma” Dudley, 85, about growing up on Aroostook County farm; effect of the Depression and W. W. II; her volunteer work with Extension Service and Red Cross in 1930’s and 40’s; cookbook; photos, P5248—P5250. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1630

1566 Breton, Rita. Winter 1982. Maine: Dover-Foxcroft. 41 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Dorothy Blanchard about attending the Univ. of Maine during the Depression; her Extension Service work with rural farm women and 4-H youngsters, 1940-45; photos, P5297 – P5310. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1668

1567 Breton, Rita. Winter 1982. Maine: Dover—Foxcroft. 42 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Lucy Shieve about her Extension Service work with rural farm families in Piscataquis and Aroostook Counties, 1927-36; effects of W.W. II; photos, P5282 – P5286. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1669

1568 Breton, Rita. Winter 1982. Maine: Orono. 47 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Hortense Monaghan and Evelyn & Stacy Miller about their work as Extension Service agents in Maine during the Depression; how Depression and W.W. II affected their personal lives. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1670

1569 Breton, Rita. Winter 1982. Maine: Veazie. 20 pp. Unrecorded interview with Mabel Lovejoy about her childhood and education; college years at Univ. of Maine: 1920’s; making do during the Depression and W. W. II; photos, P5275 – P5281. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project.

1570 Breton, Rita. Winter 1982. Maine: Orono. 24 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Lu Oliver about effects of Depression; her volunteer work for the Grey Ladies during W. W. II at Dow Field Hospital, Bangor, Maine. Photos, P5271 – P5275, P5311. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1671

1571 Breton, Rita. Winter 1982. Maine: Old Town. 30 pp. Tape: 1 1/2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Jackie McCarthy about growing up in Old Town during the Depression; her work as a welder at South Portland Shipyard during W. W. II. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1672

1572 Breton, Rita. Winter 1982. Maine: North Gorham. 44 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Agnes Gibbs about work as Extension Service agent in Cumberland County, 1927-1942, and for Women’s Division of Maine Civil Defense Corp., 1942-45; photo, P5312. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1673

1573 Breton, Rita. Winter 1982. Maine: Bangor. 25 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Alice Keefe about work on WPA records and sewing projects, and school hot lunch programs during the Depression; effects of W. W. II; experiences running a bar/restaurant business in Bangor for 35 years. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1674

1574 Breton, Rita. Winter 1982. Maine: East Eddington. 38 pp. Tape: 1 1/2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Charlotte Davis about life during the Depression and W. W. II as mother of seven children and worker in fish factories and blueberry fields in Jonesport, Maine; P5313. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1675

1576 Breton, Rita. Winter 1982. Maine: Kenduskeag. 51 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Dr. Carlene Hillman about growing up on farm during the Depression; college and teaching experiences; her work as director of canning center and hot lunch program during W.W. II; piece of grain bag material, Artifact A-43; 10 photos, P5287 – P5296. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1678

1586 Winkelman, Suzanne. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Bucksport. 50 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Olive Fish about growing up and raising a family during the Depression and W. W. II. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1679 – T1680

1587 Winkelman, Suzanne. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Ellsworth. 41 pp. Tape: 1 1/2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Marion Brooks about her early life; work for WPA projects during the Depression and afterwards; copy of news clipping; photos, P5338 – P5339. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1681

1592 Breton, Rita. Fall 1982. Maine: Bangor. 62 pp. Tape: 1 1/2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Evelyn Rand about hardships of the Depression; her work as an auto mechanic during W. W. II; photos, P5262 – P5270. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1685

1593 Winkelman, Suzanne. (AY 125 & LS project) Fall 1982 —Winter 1983. 685 pp. 21 1/2 hrs. w/ cats. Series of interviews with Bertha and Daryl Lord about their lives, including fishing and working experiences in the Bucksport area since 1940; information about the Depression-W. W. II period. Relates to Winkelman’s M. A. Thesis “Work is What Keeps You Going: The Life and Times of Bertha Moore Lord: An Experiment in Biography,” University of Maine, 1986 [copy in MFC Library]. P5315 – P5326, P5340 – P5341, P5404 – P5443, P5626 – P5651. T1686, T1689 – T1690, T1744 – T1745, T1762 – T1764, T1774 – T1775, T1794, T1825, T1840 – T1841, T1841a [excerpts]

1594 Winkelman, Suzanne. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Orland. 22 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Ida Wood about life and work experiences during the Depression and W. W. II in Old Town and Bucksport areas. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1687

1595 Sullivan, Steven. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: St. George. 58 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Ruth Hazelton about growing up in Freeport, Maine and attending Simmons College in Boston during the Depression; her work as a librarian during the late ‘30’s and ‘40’s. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1688

1596 Brooks, Debbie. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Bangor. 23 pp. Tape: 1 1/2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Hazel Blaisdell about her life and experiences during the Depression. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1691

1597 Brooks, Debbie. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Bangor. 59 pp. Tape: 3 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Alice Hickson about her life and experiences during the Depression and W. W. II. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1692 – T1693

1598 Sullivan, Steven. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Owls Head. 131 pp. Tape: 6 hrs. w/ cats. Series of interviews with Lucy Stewart about life and experiences during the Depression and W. W. II. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1694 – T1695, T1708 – T1709

1599 Lincoln, Nan. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Southwest Harbor. 17 pp. Tape: 1/2 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Martha Phillips about work with coal miner’s children in Kentucky during the Depression; experiences as a bomber pilot for the WAFC during W. W. II; copies of news clippings and magazine photos. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1698

1600 Lincoln, Nan. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Pretty Marsh. 19 pp. Tape: 1/2 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Mazie Small about teaching experiences in rural Maine and her recollections of life in Maine during the Depression and W. W. II. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1699

1601 Martin, Anne-Marie. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Lewiston. 32 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Simone Michaud about her memories of the Depression and W.W. II. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1700

1602 Martin, Anne-Marie. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Van Buren. 38 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Martine Pelletier about her memories of the Depression and W. W. II. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1701

1603 Martin, Anne-Marie. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Lewiston. 34 pp. Tape: 1 1/2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Marguerite Michaud about her memories of the Depression and her song writing. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1702, T1739

1604 Martin, Anne-Marie. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Auburn. 22 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Cecil Lebel about her memories of the Depression. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1703

1605 Dunn, Patrick. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: West Gardiner. 39 pp. Tape: 1 1/2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Elnor Goodwin about her life during the Depression and W. W. II. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1704

1606 Dunn, Patrick. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Bangor, 10 pp. Tape: 1/2 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Dorothy Probert about her memories of the Depression and her experiences as a military officer’s wife during W. W. II. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1705 [cassette original = C1781]

1607 Dunn, Patrick. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Gardiner. 25 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Lois Bridges about life during the Depression and W. W. II; college life (Colby College) and teaching experiences in the 1940’s. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1706 [cassette original = C1782]

1608 Dunn, Patrick. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Gardiner. 32 pp. Tape: 1 1/2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Iola Cobb about her memories of the Depression; WPA projects; W. W. II. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1707, T1746 [cassette original = C1783]

1609 MacDonald, Lizabeth. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Bangor. 33 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Regina Toole about the Depression and W. W. II. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1710

1610 MacDonald, Lizabeth. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Bangor. 46 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Geraldine Toole about life during the Depression and her work as a welder at the Bath shipyard during W. W. II. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1711

1611 MacDonald, Lizabeth. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Bangor. 46 pp. Tape: 3 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Ruth McGinley about life during the Depression and W. W. I; college life (Univ. of Maine) and work experiences in the 1930’s and 40’s. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1712 – T1713

1612 Lincoln, Nan. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Pretty Marsh. 13 pp. Tape: 1/2 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Josephine Doe about her memories of the Depression and W. W. II; her experiences as a college student (Castine Normal School), teacher, and professional reader. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1714

1613 Lincoln, Nan. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Pretty Marsh. 15 pp. Tape: 1/2 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Betty and Reg Flanders about their memories of the Depression and W. W. II. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1715

1614 Lincoln, Nan. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Bar Harbor. 13 pp. Tape: 1/2 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Irene Marinke about her recollections of Bar Harbor during the Depression and W. W. II; photo, P5358. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1716

1615 Allen, Eric. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Bangor. 9 pp. Tape: 1/2 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Martha Kelley about life in Bar Mills area during the Depression. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1717

1616 Allen, Eric. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Millinocket. 20 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Marie Wheaton about life in Medway during the Depression and her move to Portland during W. W. II; college experience (Aroostook Normal School) and teaching in rural Maine in 1930’s. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1718

1617 Allen, Eric. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Old Town. 26 pp. Tape: 1 1/2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Margaret Albert and Gertrude Grant about growing up in Old Town during the Depression and the effects of W. W. II. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1719

1618 Allen, Eric. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Old Town. 12 pp. Tape: 1/2 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Gertrude Grant about hard times during the Depression; photos, P5368 — P5372. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1720

1619 Allen, Eric. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Bar Mills. 25 pp. Tape: 1 1/2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Olive Hannaford about life in Bar Mills during the Depression and W. W. II. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1721

1620 Allen, Eric. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: South Portland. 32 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Catherine Allen about her childhood, education, marriage, hard times during the Depression. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1722 – T1723

1621 Brooks, Debbie. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Princeton. 32 pp. Tape: 1 1/2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Mary Gabriel about growing up on the Passamaquoddy Indian Reservation, Princeton; her experiences during the Depression and W. W. II; Indian burial hymn sung by Lillian Gabriel; photos, P5353 — P5357. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1724 – T1725

1622 Lanoue, Margaret. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Phippsburg. 48 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Dorris A. Isaacson about her early life and education; work as a journalist in Lewiston and Portland, and as director of Maine’s WPA Writer’s Project during the Depression; copies of resume, letters, book photo & commentary. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1726 – T1727

1623 Lanoue, Margaret. (AY 125) Fail 1982. Maine: Lewiston. 39 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Juliette Filteau about growing up in Quebec; working in the food business during the Depression and W. W. II in Lewiston; poster from “Our Life, Our Work” exibition. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1728

1624 Lanoue, Margaret. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Lewiston. 34 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Charlotte Michaud about teaching dancing and working for French and English newspapers from 1900 to 1930’s. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1729

1625 Lanoue, Margaret. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Lewiston. 25 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Genoria Pelchat about growing up in Canada and her life in Lewiston working in the shoe factories, 1920 to 1940; copy of Pelchat’s memoires written for “Our Life, Our Work” project conducted by the Lewiston Western Older Citizens Council (see NA 1675). Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1730

1626 Lanoue, Margaret. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Lewiston. 52 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Cecile Boisvert about growing up in Lewiston; working in textile mills; remembrances of Depression and W. W. II; experiences as state legislative representative. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1731

1627 Morris, Kathy. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: East Millinocket. 5 pp. Summary of unrecorded interview with Ruth and Virginia Morin about their work in SPAR, the women’s branch of the Coast Guard, during W. W. II. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project.

1628 Morris, Kathy. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Orono. 10 pp. Tape: 1/2 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Alice LaChance about her memories of W. W. II and its effect on the Bangor area. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1732

1629 Morris Kathy. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: East Millinocket. 15 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Jeannette Gardner about her experiences as the wife of a bombardier pilot during W. W. II; effects of war on everyday life. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1733

1630 Morris, Kathy. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: East Millinocket. 12 pp. Tape: 1/2 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Luella Michaud about her memories of W. W. II, especially food stamps, Civil Defense work, its effect on the E. Millinocket and Portland areas. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1734

1631 Morris, Kathy. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: East Millinocket. 8 pp. Tape: 1/2 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Kathleen Albert about her childhood memories of W. W. II. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1735

1632 Morris, Kathy. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: East Millinocket. 7 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Agnes “Tot” Doe about her experience as one of first women workers at Great Northern Paper Co. during W. W. II. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1736

1633 Morris, Kathy. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: East Millinocket. 23 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Ruby Stratton about her work in the WPA Sewing project during the Depression and her memories of W. W. II; copies of ration stamp books; photo, P5375. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1737

1634 Breton, Rita. Spring 1982. Maine: Dixmont. 43 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ cat. Interview with Clarice Mitchell about life in the Depression years and work as as Civil Defense leader during W. W. II; photo, P5314. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1738

1640 Dougherty, Elizabeth. (AY 125) Fall 1982. Maine: Orono. 59 pp. Tape: 2 1/2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Mildred “Brownie” Schrumpf about attending Univ. of Maine: 1921-1925; working as State 4-H Club leader for Cooperative Extension Service, 1926-1931; effects of the Depression and W. W. II; copies of ration stamps. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1758 – T1759

1641 Dougherty, Elizabeth. (AY 125( Fall 1982. Maine: Bar Harbor. 54 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ cat. Interview with Jeannette Cleaves about life during the Depression; her travel to army training camps with her husband during W. W. II; copy of Mrs. Cleaves 1940’s travel journal; photos, P5359 – P5367. Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project. T1760 – T1761

2031 Zuch, Linda.  Summer 1988.  Maine: Newport.  4 pp.  Tape: 45 min.  Interview with Elise Jones about her experiences in the work force during WW II. Topics include her teaching in Maine, her move to New Jersey to work for a pharmaceutical company and her eventual return to Maine. This is the first in a series of interviews by Zuch on women’s work experiences during the war. [Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project].  T1992

2032 Zuch, Linda.  Summer 1988.  Maine: Newport.  4 pp.  Tape: 1 hr.  Interview with Myra Wood concerning her experiences as a welder at the South Portland Shipyard before and during WW II. [Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project]. T1993

2033 Zuch, Linda.  Summer 1987.  Maine: Etna.  27 pp.  Tape: 45 min. w/ trans.  Interview with Charlotte Rowe about her experiences at Stewart Manufacturing, a company which made army-related clothing during WW II. [Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project].  C511

2034 Zuch, Linda.  Summer 1987.  Maine: Newport.  24 pp.  Tape: 45 min. w/ trans.  Martha Maynard talks about her work experiences at Banton Brothers, manufacturers of wooden goods. She was employed by the company before, during and after WWII and discusses the changes that occurred in the war years. [Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project].  C512

2035 Zuch, Linda.  Summer 1987.  Maine: Newport.  27 pp.  Tape:  45 min. w/ trans.  Edna Fraser discusses her work at the Moosehead Woolen Mill during WW II. [Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project]. C513

2191 Zuch, Linda. Summer 1990. Maine: Levant. Tape: 1 hour with no transcript.  Eunice Harper relates her experiences as an Army nurse in World War II.  [Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project]. C742

2192 Zuch, Linda. Summer 1990. Maine: Corinna. Tape: 45 minutes with no transcript.  Interview with Rebecca Steward about her work and experiences during World War II. [Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project].  C744

2193 Zuch, Linda. Summer 1990. Maine: Corinna. Tape: 45 minutes with no transcript.  Interview with Erma Maxim in which she talks about her life and work experiences during World War II. [Maine Women During the Depression and World War II Project].  C744.


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