Chytrid Taxonomy since 1960 S—Z

A-B C D-E G-L M-O P R

Scherffeliomyces appendiculatus (Zopf) Sparrow 1936 Ξ Dangeardia appendiculata (Zopf) Batko; Acta Mycol. 6: 407–435. 1970

Scherffeliomyces leptorrhizus Johns 1956 Ξ Dangeardiana leptorrhiza (Johns) A. Batko; Acta Mycol. 6: 407–435. 1970

SCHERFFELIOMYCOPSIS Geitler [Chytridiales]; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 109: 205–275. 1962

Scherffeliomycopsis coleochaetis Geitler; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 109: 250–275, figs. 1–8. 1962;
Parasitic ?; Coleochaete soluta et irregula; littoral; Lunzer Untersee, lower AUSTRIA

SEPTOCHYTRIACEAE S.E. Mozley-Standridge [Cladochytriales] MycoBank no.: 512008. Mycological Research 113: 498–507. 2009. Type: Septochytrium variable Berdan 1939

Septochytrium willoughbyi I.J. Dogma; Nova Hedwigia 24: 367–377, figs. 1–22. 1973;
Saprophytic; lens paper, onion skin & cellophane; soil; virgin forest, Rondonia, BRAZIL

SEPTOSPERMA Whiffen ex Seymour [Chytridiales]; Mycologia 63: 83–93, 1971 Ξ Septosperma Whiffen 1942 (no Latin diagnosis); See Blackwell & Powell for nomenclatural review; Mycotaxon 42: 43–52. 1991

Septosperma anomalum (IF 6:291) (Couch) Whiffen ex Seymour; Mycologia 63: 83–93, 1971 Ξ Septosperma anomala (Couch) Whiffen 1942. (genus not valid when combination made)

Septosperma irregulare (IF 4:318) (Karling) I.J. Dogma; Nova Hedwigia 25: 121–141. 1974
Ξ Asterophlyctis irregularis Karling 1967

Septosperma multiforma Canter; species described before genus validated; Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 46: 305–320, figs. 4–7. 1963; Parasitic; developing cysts of algae; lakes; E.L.D., U.K.; Ξ Septosperma multiforma Canter ex Milanez; Rickia 6: 63–70. 1974

Septosperma rhizophidii Whiffen ex R.L. Seymour; Mycologia 63: 83–93, 1971. Ξ Septosperma rhizophidii Whiffen 1942 nomen nudum; (IF 6:291); Emended by W. Blackwell and M. Powell; Mycotaxon 42: 43–52. 1991

Septosperma spinosa Willoughby; species described before genus validated; Arch. Mikrobiol. 52: 101–131, fig. 5 a–h, 1965; Parasitic; Rhizophydium coronum; heath; VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA; Ξ Septosperma spinosa Willoughby ex Milanez; Rickia 6: 63–70. 1974

Siphonaria variabilis Petersen 1903; Emended by I.J. Dogma; Nova Hedwigia 25: 107–119. 1974

Solutoparies Whiffen 1942. W.H. Blackwell and M.J. Powell, 1998. Nomenclatural validation of (Solutoparies, Chytridiomycetes). Mycotaxon 67: 463—467.

SOROCHYTRIACEAE Dewel [Blastocladiomycota, Blastocladiales]; Canad. J. Bot. 63: 1525–1534. 1985

SOROCHYTRIUM Dewel [Sorochytriaceae]; Canad. J. Bot. 63: 1525–1534. 1985

Sorochytrium milnesiophthora Dewel; Canad. J. Bot. 63: 1525–1534, figs. 1–36. 1985;
Parasitic; tardigrade (Milnesium tardigradum) on moss; bridge & wall; VIRGINIA, USA

SPARROWIA Willoughby [Chytridiales]; Nova Hedwigia, 5: 335–340. 1963; Emended by I.J. Dogma; Nova Hedwigia 19: 503–509. 1970

Sparrowia parasitica Willoughby; Nova Hedwigia 5: 335–340. Pl. 52. 1963;
Parasitic; oogonia of a watermold; soil; north of Thirlmere, E.L.D., U.K.

Sparrowia subcruciformis I.J. Dogma; Nova Hedwigia, 19: 503–509, figs. 1–16. 1970;
Parasitic; various chytrids; forest soil, leaf litter; Cross Village, MICHIGAN, USA

SPARROWMYCES in S.N. Dasgupta; Indian Phytopathol. 35: 206. 1982; ? nomen nudum

Sparrowmyces sparrowii in S.N. Dasgupta; Indian Phytopathol. 35: 206. 1982; ? nomen nudum

Sphaerita dinobryi (IF 3:516) Canter; J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 84: 56–61, fig. 1, & Pl. 1,2. 1968;
Parasitic; Dinobryon sertularia; lakes; E.L.D., U.K.

SPIZELLOMYCES D.J.S. Barr [Spizellomycetales, Spizellomycetaceae]; Canad. J. Bot. 58: 2380–2394. 1980 (= Phlyctochytrium in part)

Spizellomyces acuminatus (D.J.S. Barr) D.J.S. Barr; Canad. J. Bot. 62: 1171–1201. 1984;
Ξ Phlyctochytrium acuminatum Barr 1969; = P. africanum Gaertner 1954

Spizellomyces dolichospermus D.J.S. Barr; Canad. J. Bot. 62: 1171–1201, figs. 92–100. 1984;
Saprobic; pollen?; soils; widespread

Spizellomyces kniepii Gaertner ex D.J.S. Barr; Canad. J. Bot. 62: 1171–1201. 1984;
Saprobic; fly legs; grows on pollen; soil; REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA
Ξ Phlyctochytrium kniepii Gaertner 1954 (not valid)

Spizellomyces lactosolyticus D.J.S. Barr; Canad. J. Bot. 62: 1171–1201, figs. 101–109. 1984;
Saprobic; pollen; soils; CANADA

Spizellomyces palustris Gaertner ex D.J.S. Barr; Canad. J. Bot. 62: 1171–1201. 1984;
Saprobic; pollen; ditch, Holsburg Moor, GERMANY; CANADA Ξ Phlyctochytrium palustre Gaertner, 1954 (not valid)

Spizellomyces plurigibbosus (D.J.S. Barr) D.J.S. Barr; Canad. J. Bot. 62: 1171–1201. 1984
Ξ Phlyctochytrium plurigibbosum D. Barr 1969

Spizellomyces pseudodichotomus D.J.S. Barr; Canad. J. Bot. 62: 1171–1201, figs. 110–120. 1984;
Saprobic; pollen; soils; CANADA, U.K., and MEXICO
ΞGallinipes pseudodichotomus (D.J.S. Barr) Letcher & M.J. Powell MycoBank 822137

Spizellomyces punctatus(Koch) D.J.S. Barr; Canad. J. Bot. 58: 2380–2394. 1980;
Ξ Phlyctochytrium punctatum Koch 1957; = Phlyctochytrium verruculosum Knox 1971; = P. peruvianum Knox 1971; D.J.S. Barr; Canad. J. Bot., 62: 1171–1201, figs. 110–120. 1984

SPIZELLOMYCETACEAE D.J.S. Barr [Spizellomycetales]; Canad. J. Bot. 58: 2380–2394. 1980;
See D.J.S. Barr: 1984; Canad. J. Bot. 62: 1171–1201; + key to genera

SPIZELLOMYCETALES D.J.S. Barr; Canad. J. Bot., 58: 2380-2394. 1980 = Chytridiales sensu Sparrow (in part);
Emended; D.J.S. Barr; Canad. J. Bot. 61: 295–307. 1983. Caulochytrium and Olpidium now are not included in this order, but considered incertae sedis. See: D.S. Hibbett et al. Mycological Research 111: 509–547. 2007; The Rhizophlyctis rosea clade is now the Rhizophlyctidales Letcher and Rozella is in the Cryptomycota M.D.M. Jones & T.A. Richards, MycoBank no.: 563383.

Sporophlyctidium neustonicum Sparrow; Mycologia 70: 140–149, figs. 15–25. 1978;
Parasitic; Living pine pollen; neuston; Newnan’s Lake, FLORIDA, USA

Staurastromyces oculus S. Van den Wyngaert, K. Seto & K. Rojas. MycoBank no.: 819823. Protist 168: 392-407. 2017. Parasite of Staurastrum sp. (Desmidiaceae) Lake Stechlin, GERMANY

STAURASTROMYCES S. Van den Wyngaert, K. Seto & K. Rojas-Jimenez. MycoBank no.: 819822. [Staurastromycetaceae] Protist 168: 392-407. 2017.

STAURASTROMYCETACEAE S. Van den Wyngaert, K. Seto & K. Rojas. MycoBank no.: 819821. [Rhizophydiales] Protist 168: 392-407. 2017.

Synchytrium plant parasites not included in this bibliography; see Karling, J.S. 1964. Synchytrium. Academic Press, New York.

Synchytrium microbalum Longcore, DR Simmons & Letcher; MycoBank No. MB817291. Fungal Biology  120: 1156-1164. 2016; Saprobic, nutrient agar;  small acidic lake; Hancock County, Maine, USA

SYNCHYTRIALES emend Doweld AB, 2014. Index Fungorum no 92, 2014; MycoBank No.: 550404. Emended by Longcore, DR Simmons and Letcher to be the least inclusive clade of the Chytridiomycetes that includes Synchytrium taraxaci and Synchytrium species included in James et al. (2006; as the Synchytrium clade)

SYNCHYTRIACEAE emend J Schr€ot., in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., Teil. I (Leipzig) 1: 71, 1892; MycoBank No.: 81448. Emended by Longcore, DR Simmons and Letcher to be the least inclusive clade of the Chytridiomycetes that includes Synchytrium taraxaci and the Synchytrium species included in James et al. (2006; as the Synchytrium clade).

TAHROMYCES Hanafy, Vikram B. Lanjekar, Prashant K. Dhakephalkar, T.M. Callaghan, Dagar, G.W. Griff., Elshahed & N.H. Youssef [Neocallimastigomytcota] MycoBank MB830865. Mycologia 2020

Tahromyces munnarensis Hanafy, Vikram B. Lanjekar, Prashant K. Dhakephalkar, T.M. Callaghan, Dagar, G.W. Griff., Elshahed & N.H. Youssef  MycoBank MB830866. Mycologia 2020. Feces of Nilgiri tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius); KERALA, INDIA

TERRAMYCETACEAE Letcher [Rhizophydiales] P.M. Letcher et al. Mycological Research 110: 898–915, 2006

TERRAMYCES Letcher [Rhizophydiales; Terramycetaceae]; Mycological Research 110: 898–915, 2006

Terramyces subangulosum (A. Braun) Letcher Ξ Chytridium subangulosum A. Braun, Abhandl. Berlin Akad.: 44 (1855). Type: Braun pl.3, figs 27–31 (1855-holotype) Epitype from culture of PL 003, Letcher et al. Mycol. Res. 110: 907, figs. 3A–D, 909 fig 5 (2006); Epitype saprobic, pollen bait; forest soil, Goshen Wildlife Management Area, Lexington, VIRGINIA, USA.

THALLASOCHYTRIUM Nyvall et al. [Chytridiomycota; does not fit in any described order; probably related to
Coenomyces
von Deckenbach]; J. Phycol. 35: 176–185. 1999

Thallasochytrium gracillariopsidis Nyvall et al. J. Phycol. 35: 176–185, figs. 1–24. 1999.
Parasitic; Living in Gracilariopsis sp.; marine; Zhan Shan Bay, Qindao, PEOPLES REPUBLIC OF CHINA

THOREAUOMYCES D.R. Simmons and Longcore [Spizellomycetales, Powellomycetaceae] MycoBank no.: 564194. Mycologia 104: 1229–1243. 2012

Thoreauomyces humboldtii D.R. Simmons and Longcore. MycoBank no.: 564195. Mycologia 104: 1229–1243. 2012
Saprobic; pollen bait; spruce forest soil; Humboldt Field Research Institute, Steuben, MAINE, USA

TRIPARTICALCAR D.J.S. Barr [Spizellomycetales]; Canad. J. Bot. 58: 2380–2394. 1980; = Phlyctochytrium in part

Triparticalcar arcticum (D.J.S. Barr) D.J.S. Barr; Canad. J. Bot. 58: 2380–2394. 1980; Ξ Phlyctochytrium arcticum D.J.S. Barr 1970

Ubelmesseromycetaceae M.J. Powell & Letcher [Chytridiomycota, Rhizophydiales]; MycoBank No.: 810747. Mycologia 107: 419–431. 2015

UEBELMESSEROMYCES M.J. Powell & Letcher MycoBank No.: 810748. Mycologia 107: 419–431. 2015

Uebelmesseromyces harderi M.J. Powell & Letcher MycoBank No.: 810749. Mycologia 107: 419–431. 2015. GenBank: AY349087 (nuc 28S rDNA D1-D3 domains); GenBank DQ485595 (nuc rDNA including 5.8S and ITS)
Saprobic; pine pollen, winter, James Island, British Columbia, CANADA

ULKENOMYCES Letcher & M.J. Powell, gen. nov. [Rhizophydiales, Halomycetaceae] MycoBank no.: 811467. Letcher et al. Mycologia 107: 808–830. 2015

Ulkenomyces aestuarii (Ulken) Letcher & M.J. Powell, comb. nov. MycoBank no.: 811468. =Rhizophydium aestuarii (Ulken) Amon, Mycologia 76: 138. 1984.
(FIG. 5p) from Ulken 1972 declared as neotype by  Letcher et al. Mycologia 107: 808–830. 2015

URCEOMYCES Letcher [Globomycetaceae, Rhizophydiales] Mycobank no.: MB 511781. Mycological Research 112: 759–782. 2008.

Urceomyces sphaerocarpum (Zopf) Letcher [Rhizophydiales, Globomycetaceae] MycoBank no.: 511789. Mycological Research 112: 759–782. 2008.
Ξ Rhizidium sphaerocarpum Zopf 1884, Ξ Rhizophydium sphaerocarpum (Zopf) A. Fisch. 1892. Letcher et al. declared epitype sequence information from culture ARG 048.

Urophlyctaceae Hadar placed into Spizellomycetales ; Compt. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci., Ser. 3 294: 329–333. 1982. (TEM unclear; position not confirmed by molecular data. Urophlyctis is in the Blastocladiales. See: Porter, T. M., et al. Fungal Biology 115: 381–92. 2011

WHEELEROPHLYCTIS Letcher & M.J. Powell [Chytridiales, Asterophlyctaceae] MycoBank 826904. Fungal Biology 122: 1109–1123. 2018. Type = W. interior

Wheelerophlyctis interiexterior Letcher & M.J. Powell MycoBank 826906. Fungal Biology 122: 1109–1123. 2018
Saprobic; chitin bait; fen at edge of Perch Pond, Penobscot County, MAINE, USA. Ex-type strain = JEL857

Wheelerophlyctis interior Letcher & M.J. Powell MycoBank 826905. Fungal Biology 122: 1109–1123. 2018. Ex-type strain = MP058
Saprobic, chitin bait, aquatic sample, Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge, ALABAMA, USA; JEL524 from Maine, USA is also in W. interior

ZOPFOCHYTRIUM M.J. Powell, Longcore & Letcher [Chytridiales, Chytridiaceae] MycoBank no.: 825642. Fungal Biology 122: 1041–1049. 2018

Zopfochytrium polystomum (Zopf) M.J. Powell, Longcore & Letcher, comb. nov. MycoBank no.: 825643. Fungal Biology 122: 1041–1049. 2018. ≡Cladochytrium polystomum Zopf Nova Acta Akad Leop.-Carol. 47: 234. 1884

ZYGOPHLYCTIDALES K. Seto [Chytridiomycetes] MycoBank no.: 831579. Fungal Systematics and Evolution 5: 17–38. 2020 (posted in 2019)

ZYGOPHLYCTIDACEAE K. Seto [Zygophlyctidales] MycoBank no.: 831580. Fungal Systematics and Evolution 5: 17–38. 2020 (posted in 2019)

Zygophlyctis Doweld, Index Fungorum 114: 1. 2014. IF550450

Zygophlyctis asterionellae K. Seto, MycoBank no.: 831581. Fungal Systematics and Evolution 5: 17–38. 2020 (posted in 2019)
parasite of Asterionella formosa (diatom); Lake Biwaike, Shimotakai, Nagano, JAPAN

Zygophlyctis melosirae (Canter) K. Seto comb. nov. MycoBank no.: 831582. Fungal Systematics and Evolution 5: 17–38. 2020 (posted in 2019)

Zygophlyctis planktonica Doweld, Index Fungorum 114: 1. 2014. Based on Canter’s description of Zygorhizidium planktonicum Canter, which was invalidly published.

ZYGORHIZIDIALES K. Seto [Chytridiomycetes] MycoBank no.: 831578. Fungal Systematics and Evolution 5: 17–38. 2020 (posted in 2019)

Zygorhizidiaceae Doweld [Zygorhizidiales] Index Fungorum 102: 1. 2014.

Zygorhizidium affluensCanter; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 62: 267–278, fig. 2. 1969;

Parasitic; Asterionella formosa; plankton of lakes; E.L.D., U.K.;
Ξ Rhizophydium planktonicum Canter (in part) 1948

Zygorhizidium asterionellae Pongratz; Schweiz. Z. Hydrol. 28: 104–132, Pl. 3, 19–24. 1966;
Parasitic; Asterionella formosa; plankton; Lake Léman, SWITZERLAND
Species not validly published. See comment by Seto in Fungal Systematics and Evolution 5: 17–38. 2020 (posted in 2019)

Zygorhizidium chlorophycidis Canter; Nova Hedwigia 5: 1–6, Pls. 1–2. 1963;
Parasitic; colonial planktonic greens; lakes; E.L.D., U.K.

Zygorhizidium cystogenum Canter; Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 46: 305–320, figs. 1,2. 1963;
Parasitic; Dinobryon spp., Uroglena sp.; lakes; E.L.D., U.K.

Zygorhizidium melosirae Canter 1950; Canter emended; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 60: 85–96. 1967
ΞZygophlyctis melosirae (Canter) K. Seto comb. nov. MycoBank no.: 831582. Fungal Systematics and Evolution 5: 17–38. 2020 (posted in 2019)
lectotype designated

Zygorhizidium planktonicum Canter 1953 and 1957; invalid; see  Doweld, Index Fungorum 114: 1. 2014

Zygorhizidium planktonicum forma asterionellae Canter, Jaworski, & Beakes; Nova Hedwigia 55: 437–455. 1992; Parasitic; Asterionella; lakes; E.L.D., U.K.

Zygorhizidium planktonicum forma synedrae Canter; Nova Hedwigia 55: 437–455. 1992;
Parasitic; Synedra; lakes, E.L.D., U.K.

Zygorhizidium vaucheriae Rieth; Biol. Zentralbl. 86: 433–448, figs. 1–2, Pls. 1, 2. 1967;
Parasitic; Vaucheria; ditch; Gatersleben, Germany & Tadzhik, S.S.R.

Zygorhizidium venustum (Canter) Canter; Nova Hedwigia 21: 577–592. 1971; Ξ Rhizophydium venustum Canter 1963