U.S. Sanctions and Export Controls on Russia

Updated 4/18/22

In March 2022, the U.S. government implemented a “sweeping series of stringent export controls” and expansive sanctions against Russia in response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. As highlighted in the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) press release, these export controls are intended to “severely restrict Russia’s access to technologies and other items that it needs to sustain its aggressive military capabilities.” The BIS Final Rule (PDF) adds new license requirements for all Export Classification Numbers (ECCNs) in Categories 3-9 of the Commerce Control List (CCL), expands existing Russia ‘military end use’ and ‘military end user’ controls and introduces a number of other controls. BIS later issued a Final Rule adding similar restrictions for Belarus (PDF) due to the country’s ‘substantial enabling of the Russian Federation’s further invasion of Ukraine.’  On April 14th, an additional BIS Final Rule “Expansion of Sanctions Against Russia and Belarus Under the Export Administration Regulations (EAR)” (PDF) was released in response to the ongoing aggression in Ukraine. The new rule expands license requirements for Russia and Belarus under EAR to all items on the Commerce Control List (CCL).

Additionally, an Executive Order issued on February 21st (PDF) prohibits both import and export of goods, services, or technology with the Donetsk People’s Republic (DNR) and Luhansk People’s Republic (LNR) regions of Ukraine (with some exceptions for humanitarian efforts).

It is important for all members of our communities to be aware of these significant regulatory changes and work with the export control staff in the Office of Research Compliance when considering or continuing collaboration with, or exporting items or data to, individuals and/or organizations in Russia, Belarus, or the Crimea, DNR, or LNR regions of Ukraine. Please direct questions and requests for review to um.export@maine.edu.

Resources

U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) issues final rules implementing sanctions against Russia and Belarus under the Export Administration Regulations (EAR)

U.S. Department of Treasury Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) announces expansive sanctions against Russia

Presidential Order issued February 21, 2022 related to the Donetsk People’s Republic (DNR) and Luhansk People’s Republic (LNR) regions of Ukraine: