Conflict of Interest
Effective November 1, 2013, Proposal Automated Routing System (PARS) privileges will be suspended or denied, respectively, to any current or new Investigator or Approver who has not submitted to the Office of Research Administration (ORA) a certificate showing satisfactory completion of University of Maine Conflicts of Interest (FCOI) training.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) issued a final rule on August 25, 2011 amending 1995 Public Health Service (PHS) regulations on the Responsibility of Applicants for Promoting Objectivity in Research for which PHS Funding is Sought. The new rule, which went into effect August 24, 2012, seeks to strengthen accountability, transparency, compliance, and oversight of government, institutional, and private sector participants in PHS-sponsored research,
Since the promulgation of the regulations in 1995, biomedical and behavioral research and the resulting interactions among government, research Institutions, and the private sector have become increasingly complex. This complexity, as well as a need to strengthen accountability, led to changes that expand and add transparency to Investigators’ disclosure of Significant Financial Interests (SFIs), enhance regulatory compliance and effective institutional oversight and management of Investigators’ financial conflicts of interests, as well as increase the Department of Health and Human Services’ (HHS) compliance oversight. 
Important revisions to to the regulations include:
- Requiring Investigators complete training regarding Financial Conflict of Interest (FCOI) prior to engaging in research related to any PHS-funded grant and repeat training every four years or more frequently in certain circumstances;
- Lowering to $5,000 the de minimis threshold for which a disclosure of significant financial interests is required; and
- Requiring FCOI disclosures annually throughout the life of an award.
A Conflict of Interest (COI) is a divergence between an individual’s private interests and his or her professional obligations to the University such that an independent observer might reasonably question whether the individual’s professional actions or decisions are determined by considerations of personal gain, financial or otherwise.
Investigator refers to the Project Director/Principal Investigator, any other person identified as Senior/Key personnel in a grant application, progress report, or other report submitted to an external sponsor, and others who direct or can materially influence the research, or who are responsible for the design, conduct, and reporting of such research.
Significant Financial Interest means anything of monetary value, including but not limited to salary or other payments for services (e.g., consulting fees or honoraria); equity interests (e.g., stocks, stock options, or ownership interests); and intellectual property rights (e.g., patents, copyrights, and royalties from such rights).
UMaine Policy & Procedures
The University of Maine’s revised Policies and Procedures for Financial Disclosures and Conflicts of Interest in Extramurally Sponsored Activities (PDF), applies to all University employees and students who serve as investigators on proposals submitted to external sponsors. As described in the memo UMaine Conflicts of Interest Training Requirements (PDF), the policy applies equally to UMaine investigators, and investigators at other University of Maine System (UMS) campuses (‘UMS investigators’) who wish to submit through, or collaborate with UMaine on an extramural funding request.
In brief, UMaine’s FCOI policy requires that prior to submitting a request for extramural funding each Investigator named in a proposal successfully complete the Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI) FCOI training and certify whether s/he has a significant financial interest related to the proposed activity. Any investigator having such an interest must complete a Significant Financial Interest Disclosure Form (PDF) and in certain circumstances follow an approved Conflict Resolution Plan. Individuals not listed as investigators in proposals who later assume such roles through hiring, promotion, or other means are required to complete CITI FCOI training, certify their financial interests and make any applicable disclosures prior to commencing work on the project.
- UMaine Policies and Procedures for Financial Disclosures and Conflicts of Interest in Extramurally Sponsored Activities (PDF)
- Instructions for accessing the CITI COI training (PDF)
- Investigator Financial Conflict of Interest Certification (PDF)
- Significant Financial Interest Disclosure Form (PDF)
- University of Maine System Conflicts of Interest Policy
- National Institutes of Health (NIH) Financial Conflicts of Interest FAQ