NGCIA is advancing research is the area of sensor informatics and geosensor networks. Geosensor networks monitor phenomena in geographic space. The extent of the geographic space can be as small as a room or as large as an ecosystem. These sensors can be static or mobile, and can be used to passively collect information about the environment or to actively influence it. The research challenges in sensor informatics and geosensor networks extend the frontiers of traditional GIS research to issues like data stream processing, mobile computing, location-based services, temporal-spatial queries over geosensor networks, adaptable middleware, sensor data integration and mining, automated updating of geospatial databases. For more information visit Geo-Sensor Networks.