The Upward Bound Math Science Program at the University of Maine held its first summer program in 1991. At that time, it joined Classic Upward Bound, which made its home on the University of Maine campus in 1966. Products of the civil rights movement, and a push for access to education for all Americans, Upward Bound began under the administration of Lyndon B. Johnson as part of the Economic Opportunity Act in 1964. Talent Search emerged one year later, under the Higher Education Act, and in 1968, Student Support Services joined these two programs, approved by Higher Education Amendments. Together, the three programs were coined “TRiO.” Later, more programs were added to meet the needs of various student populations. Educational Opportunity Centers were added in 1972 and the Training Program for Federal TRIO Programs began in 1976. In 1986, the Ronald E. McNair Postbaccalaureate Achievement Program (called McNair) began to serve students (Department of Education, 2011). Veteran’s Upward Bound and Gear Up are now also considered part of the TRiO family. In an effort to increase students’ performance in mathematics and science courses, Upward Bound Math Science Programs began in 1990 (Muraskin, 2008).
“The Upward Bound Math and Science program is designed to strengthen the math and science skills of participating students. The goal of the program is to help students recognize and develop their potential to excel in math and science and to encourage them to pursue postsecondary degrees in math and science, and ultimately careers in the math and science profession” (Department of Education, 2011).
“Program services include: summer programs with intensive math and science training; year-round counseling and advisement; exposure to university faculty members who do research in mathematics and the sciences; computer training; and participant-conducted scientific research under the guidance of faculty members or graduate students, who are serving as mentors; education or counseling services designed to improve the financial and economic literacy of students; and programs and activities previously mentioned that are specially designed for students who are limited English proficient, students from groups that are traditionally underrepresented in postsecondary education, students with disabilities, students who are homeless children and youths, students who are in foster care or are aging out of foster care system or other disconnected students” (Department of Education, 2011).
* “Exposure to academic programs and cultural events
* Instruction in reading, writing, study skills, and other subjects necessary for success in college
* Academic, financial or personal counseling
* Tutorial services
* Mentoring programs
* Information on postsecondary education opportunities
* Assistance in completing college entrance and financial aid applications
* Assistance in preparing for college entrance exams
* Information on the full range of Federal Student Financial Aid programs and benefits
* Guidance and assistance on secondary school re-entry or alternative education programs; entry into general educational development programs or postsecondary education”
(Department of Education, 2011).