Morning Sentinel reported that University of Maine Cooperative Extension is offering a six-session course that covers moving a specialty food product to market. The class will take place Tuesdays, April 8–29, 2014 in Skowhegan and Dover-Foxcroft. Two May class sessions are scheduled to include individual business consultations and a tour of the Dr. Matthew Highlands Pilot Plant — UMaine’s state-of-the-art facility that assists food processors, entrepreneurs, farmers, researchers and students in the food industry.
University of Maine Cooperative Extension is offering a six-session course that covers moving a specialty food product to market.
The class, which meets 5:30 p.m. – 9:00 p.m. each Tuesday, April 8–29, 2014 will be held in two locations — 7 County Drive, Skowhegan, and 165 East Main St., Dover-Foxcroft. Two May class sessions will include individual business consultations and a tour of the Dr. Matthew Highlands Pilot Plant, a state-of-the-art UMaine facility that assists food processors, entrepreneurs, farmers, researchers and students in the food industry.
Topics to be covered include licensing, safe preparation and packaging of food, assessing potential profits and locating resources to support a developing business. The class is for people operating a value-added business and those seriously considering one; participants must have a specific food product or recipe in mind and are expected to attend all sessions. Presenters include: Beth Calder, UMaine Extension food science specialist; James McConnon, UMaine Extension business and economics specialist; and Kathy Hopkins, Debra Kantor and Donna Coffin, UMaine Extension educators.
Cost is $35 per person. Partial scholarships are available. Registrations must be received by April 1 to reserve a space. More information, including online registration is online. For questions, or to request a disability accommodation at the Skowhegan site, call 207.474.9622 or email firstname.lastname@example.org. For questions, or to request a disability accommodation at the Dover-Foxcroft site, call 207.564.3301 or email email@example.com.
The University of Maine Cooperative Extension is offering a free apple tree pruning and grafting field day Saturday, April 19, from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m., at Avalon Acres Orchard & Farm, 234 Dexter Road, in Saint Albans.
Avalon Acres owner Mark Sheriff, an alumnus of the UMaine Extension Master Gardener Volunteers program, will host. He’ll present information about general planting and management practices for apple trees then demonstrate pruning and grafting in the orchard. Apple tree growers and people who plan to plant apple trees this spring are invited to attend.
Pre-registration is requested but not required. Attendees should wear footwear appropriate for walking on uneven terrain. Rain date is Saturday, April 26. For more information, to register, or to request a disability accommodation, contact Peter Bastien, 207.474.9622, 800.287.1945 (toll free in Maine).
A chill is in the air — oops! When I began to write this it was the middle of September, and we were in the throws of a thunderstorm after two days of heat and humidity. I wondered when that chill in the air and the colors of autumn would get here. And now, they’ve arrived! For most of us the chore of cleaning up the garden has begun, with the possible exception of planting some garlic for harvest next July. Also, if you haven’t done so already, you may want to plant a cover crop in the garden area to protect the soil for next season. Those of us with flower gardens might want to plant a selection of flower bulbs for early color next spring. Here are things to do in October:
Things to Do in October
- Plant a late season cover crop. This time of year your choices for cover crops are limited. Perhaps a planting of annual or winter rye will provide the soil protection. For information on cover crop in the northeast, see the University of Vermont’s publication Cover Crops and Green Manures.
- Now is the time to plant garlic. For information on planting garlic, see Bulletin #2063, Growing Hardneck Garlic in Your Maine Garden.
- If you’re wondering if you should take advantage of some of the great buys on trees and shrubs at your local nursery or garden center, but aren’t really sure if it’s a good time to plant, check out Bulletin #2366: Selecting, Planting and Caring for Trees and Shrubs in the Maine landscape.
- There’s still time to plant fall bulbs. When it comes to producing color early in the season, you can’t beat spring-flowering perennial bulbs. If cared for properly, they’ll come back year after year from a single fall planting, providing many blooms for your investment. For information on planting fall bulbs, see Introduction to Bulbs from Cornell University.
- Get your strawberry patch ready for winter. Looking for advice on winter strawberry protection? Learn steps on how to protect your strawberry plants during the winter and what kind of mulch to use in Bulletin #2067, Growing Strawberries.
Items of Interest
- If you enjoy watching and feeding birds and growing native plants in your gardens and landscapes, check out Bringing Life to Your Garden; Company is Coming! on the American Beauties Native Plants website.
- Maine Foliage Report: Visit The Maine Foliage Report for up-to-the-minute autumn color updates throughout the state, along with great photos, and much, much more.
- Proper Mulching Techniques: Mulches are materials placed over the soil surface to maintain moisture and improve soil conditions. Mulching is one of the most beneficial things a homeowner can do for the health of a tree. Mulch can reduce water loss from the soil, minimize weed competition, and improve soil structure. Properly applied, mulch can give landscapes a handsome, well-groomed appearance. Mulch must be applied properly; if it is too deep or if the wrong material is used, it can actually cause significant harm to trees and other landscape plants. For more information on mulching, check out the Trees Are Good website.
- Follow us on Facebook: You are invited to like the University of Maine Cooperative Extension Somerset County Office Facebook Page. Our Facebook page offers helpful research-based information that you can use to stay current on issues you face everyday. Like us and join the journey!
- Master Gardener Class of 2013 Draws to a Close: We are bidding a fond farewell to our Great Master Gardener Class of 2013. This was our first try at a split-session course and the response was fantastic. This year’s Master Gardener Class has already had three participants reach their 40 hours of volunteer time before the second session started, with many more close to having their hours done. Participants came from two counties — Somerset and Franklin — and volunteered in both, along with one volunteering in Kennebec as well. They went into schools, helped in their communities and neighborhoods, giving gardening tips and advise along the way.
- The Great Maine Apple Day: Hosted by the Maine Organic Farmers & Gardeners Association along with Fedco Seed Company and the University of Maine Cooperative Extension, the Great Maine Apple Day will take place on October 27 from 10:00 a.m. till 4:00 p.m. ( rain or shine) at the Common Ground Education Center, 294 Crosby Brook Road, in Unity, Maine. For more information, visit the Great Maine Apple Day.
- Check out Visit Maine for information about events going on each month all around the state. The site also includes a trip planner, maps, and other useful features.
- “You Can” Program Series: Growing Hops in the Backyard! Learn how to grow hops in your home garden from Donna Coffin, Extension educator, in the next workshop of the “You Can” series, to be repeated at three locations: October 21 at the Penquis Valley High School in Milo; October 22 at the Piscataquis Community High School in Guilford; and October 23 at the UMaine Extension Piscataquis County office in Dover-Foxcroft, from 6:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. Even though times are tough, you can sustain your family! The Piscataquis Valley Adult Education Cooperative and the University of Maine Cooperative Extension have put together this series of workshops to give you the skills to get started in self-sufficiency. Hops can be grown successfully in PiscataquisCounty. Many home brewers are interested in taking their hobby to the next level by growing their own hops to produce their own beer. Hops can be used for other purposes, too. At this program you will learn about the history of hops production in New England, what hops needs to thrive in our area, basics of planting and care, pests that can affect hops, and harvest. Donna Coffin has been a UMaine Extension Educator in Piscataquis County for over 30 years. Her area of expertise includes sustainable agriculture and home horticulture. She received her Master of Science degree from the University of Maine in Animal Science in the area of animal nutrition. The cost of this workshop is $5 and you can register through PVAEC, 48 Morton Ave., Suite M, Dover-Foxcroft, ME04426 or call 207.564.6525 or register online.
- SARE Farmer / Grower Grants – How Can I Get One? One of the most common questions about farming that comes into the UMaine Extension Piscataquis County office is “How can I get a grant to help me farm?” Tom Malloy, Outreach Coordinator at the University of Maine for Northeast SARE (Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education), will be coming to the next Maine Highlands Farmers Meeting on Thursday, October 10t at 7:00 p.m. at the UMaine Extension Piscataquis County office to talk about how farmers can get a grant from the SARE program to help with their farm. Malloy will discuss some successful grants that farmers in Maine have received and what they have been able to do with the extra funds. Some recent projects include pasturing hogs on field peas and barley, sunflowers for oil and feed, as well as winter-hardy bees. Many times the farmer/grower grant is about researching a new and different way of doing something on the farm. SARE provides some funding and the farmer provides the sweat equity.
- The Fryeburg Fair: Have you been looking ahead to the fall foliage and perhaps one last visit to an agricultural fair? Well, you’re in luck! Now you can combine “leaf peeping” with a trip to the Fryeburg Fair for a day-long excursion or make a weekend of it. This year the fair opened on September 26 and runs through October 6. For more information, visit The Fryeburg Fair.
Thank You All!
It is with a hopeful look to the future that I am announcing my plans to retire from my position as Home Horticultural Aid here at the University of Maine Cooperative Extension in Somerset County, effective October 18, 2013. While I have truly enjoyed working with the Master Gardener program, the Master Gardeners, and the people of Somerset County, it is time to move on to spending more time with family and friends, and enjoying my other interests in the great outdoors.
Over the past two and a half years I have been blessed to work along side a great group of people both in Somerset and Piscataquis Counties, as well as throughout the UMaine Extension family. I will always be thankful for the opportunity Kathy Hopkins, Donna Coffin, and UMaine Extension gave me in December 2010.
I also would like to thank all of the wonderful people in UMaine Extension for making me feel like part of a huge family right from the beginning. I will always hold the UMaine Extension family in the highest regard and wish you all the BEST in the future.
If you have volunteer hours to be recorded, please send them in now or, starting October 11 , e-mail them to Kathy Hopkins at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Wow! Where did August go? It seems like fair season just got started and already we’re talking about fall! Be sure to take advantage of the remaining agricultural fairs in Maine during September and early October. After the Labor Day weekend when the kids are back in school, you may find you have more time to turn your attention to taking care of what’s left in the garden and look ahead to gardening in spring 2014. By preparing your garden area now, you can get that head start we all look forward to! For information on fall garden cleanup, check out our short video Putting the Garden to Bed. For information on how to preserve your late season garden vegetables, visit the food preservation section of the UMaine Extension Food & Health website. I hope you have had a great summer and are looking forward to enjoying the crisp clean air and the beautiful colors of fall in our great state!
Gardening in September
- If you’re looking for that extra bit of color for your flower garden or just want to insert more color into your fall display garden, MUMS the word. In greenhouses and nurseries, fall mums abound in all sorts of colors and sizes. Also, while you’re looking around don’t forget to check out selections of fall asters and flowering kale and cabbage. You may even be able to find some great deals on ornamental grasses, along with other nursery stock left over from spring.
- Now is a good time to take a soil test to get your garden or lawn area ready for next spring by adding the amendments now to allow time for them to break down in the soil. For information, see Bulletin #2286, Testing Your Soil or stop by your local UMaine Extension county office.
- Once you have your soil tested, you may decide to plant a cover crop to help build up the nutrients and protect your soil from the harsh winter winds that would like to carry it into your neighbor’s yard. Learn more about cover crops or see Cover Crops for Home Gardeners from Cornell University.
- Divide summer blooming perennials. Dividing perennials helps rejuvenate and control the size of the plants, as well as increases the number of plants you have (which is great if you need more plants to fill in an empty space, establish a new garden bed or share with others). Keep in mind that once perennials are divided, the new transplants take 4-6 weeks to become established. Be sure to give the plants enough time to settle in before the ground freezes. See the fact sheet Dividing Perennials published by Clemson University Cooperative Extension for detailed information and instructions.
- Plant spring bulbs. Now is the time to get in those fall bulbs that give you so much color in the spring (crocus, hyacinth, tulips, daffodils, and muscari) or something new in the way of bulbs. The time is now to visit a local nursery or greenhouse to check out their selection of fall bulbs. When selecting bulbs, make sure they are hardy and disease free. Bulbs should be planted in a well-drained soil with a temperature below 60°. Adding organic matter to the soil when planting will provide an added benefit to the bulbs.
- Are you thinking about getting your lawn ready for next spring or just reseeding areas after the skunks, moles, voles, and raccoons have stuffed themselves full of the grubs living in your lawn and have “aerated” it in the process? If you have plans to do lawn work, UMaine Extension has information on lawn care to help you out. Bulletin #2367, Establishing a Home Lawn in Maine and Bulletin #2243, Maintaining a Home Lawn in Maine may be just what you need to help answer your questions.
- If you are thinking of how much fun it would be to grow your own garlic, now is the time to try and find bulbs to plant. Look for hardneck varieties, as they grow best in our climate. See Bulletin #2063, Growing Hardneck Garlic in Your Maine Garden for great growing tips, as well as a video on growing garlic.
- Looking for information on pest management? The UMaine Extension Insect Pests, Ticks & Plant Diseases website provides pest management information useful for Mainers. The goal is to help you understand pest issues and make informed choices. Knowledge and communication are the keys to minimizing pest damage and pesticide risk.
Items of Interest
- Mainers urged to sign up for free disposal of banned, unusable pesticides
AUGUSTA—Mainers are urged to take advantage of a free opportunity to dispose of banned or unusable pesticides that they may have in their homes or elsewhere on their properties. This October, the Maine Board of Pesticides Control (BPC) will team up with the Maine Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) to dispose of banned pesticides or pesticides that have become caked, frozen, or otherwise rendered unusable.
This free disposal program is open to homeowners, family owned farms, and greenhouses. All people need to do is register by September 27, 2013. It’s not unusual for homes and farms to have unintentional hazardous waste—old or unusable pesticides sitting around in basements, garages, or barns. Old chemicals like DDT, lead arsenate, 2,4,5-T, and chlordane, can be difficult and expensive to dispose of properly.
While removal of these pesticides can seem daunting, it’s important for the protection of public, wildlife, and environmental health that they are dealt with properly and not thrown in the trash or down the drain, where they can contaminate land and water resources, including drinking water.
“We urge people holding these chemicals to contact us immediately to register,” said BPC Director, Henry Jennings. “There will be four sites throughout the state where participants will be able to bring their obsolete pesticides and dispose of them conveniently and at no cost.”
The collected chemicals go to out-of-state disposal facilities licensed by the federal Environmental Protection Agency where they are incinerated or reprocessed.
Registration by September 27, 2013, is mandatory. Drop-ins are not permitted. To register, get details, and learn important information about the temporary storage and transportation of obsolete pesticides, go to the Maine Board of Pesticides Control website or call 207.287.2731.
The Maine Obsolete Pesticides Collection Program, jointly sponsored by the BPC and DEP, and paid for entirely through pesticide product registration fees, has kept more than 90 tons of pesticides out of the waste stream since its start in 1982.
For more information on the Maine Board of Pesticides Control, please visit their website.
- New Agricultural Basic Pesticide Applicator License is needed. A new Maine Law requires farmers to obtain a pesticide applicators license by spring of 2015. If you sell more than $1000.00 worth of plants or plant products for human consumption and use any pesticides you may need to obtain a license. In the spring of 2011 the Maine Legislature passed a law which requires many growers to be licensed by the Maine Board of Pesticide Control. For more information on who is affected by this change, please visit their website or visit your local UMaine Extension county office.
- Maine Home Garden News: Current and past issues, and sign-up: Maine Home Garden News includes timely and seasonal tips, as well as research-based articles on all aspects of gardening. Articles are written by UMaine Extension specialists, educators, and horticulture professionals, as well as Master Gardener Volunteers from around the state, with Professor Richard Brzozowski serving as editor. You can access the most current issue as well as past issues online at Maine Home Garden News. You may also subscribe via RSS feed or fill out our online form to receive e-mail notifications that will let you know when new issues are posted online.
- Spotted Wing Drosophila: If you’re growing small fruits, grapes, peaches or other soft fruits, this information from the University of Maine’s Highmoor Farm will be of interest to you. See the latest news and information about the Spotted Wing Drosophila.
- The Maine Organic Farmers Common Ground Fair: If you’ve ever been to the Fair, you know — and if you haven’t been, anyone who has will tell you — it’s an event like no other, which brings together many people from many walks of life, all in the spirit of celebrating the rural and agricultural traditions of Maine. If you have never been to the fair before, why not make this year the time to visit? The fair runs from September 20-22 in Unity, Maine. For more information, visit the Common Ground Fair website. For a list of other agricultural fairs in Maine, visit the Get Real, Get Maine website.
- Come on over to our barn! Valley Grange becomes a barn (sorta) to help UMaine Extension Piscataquis County celebrate their annual meeting and raise some money to help Piscataquis Santa! This year the Piscataquis County Executive Committee and Staff are “pulling out all the stops” and that includes a very special event to celebrate their successes and you are invited! For more information and a list of what’s on the menu, along with activities that are planed for the evening, visit Piscataquis & Penobscot Farming Newsletter.
- University of Maine Cooperative Extension Eat Well Nutrition Workshops: This four-part series starts October 3, 2013, at 5:00 p.m. and will be held at the UMaine Extension Piscataquis County office, 165 Main Street, Dover-Foxcroft, Maine. Participants will learn how to prepare healthy meals and snacks, save money on groceries, improve cooking skills, and keep foods safe to eat. Participants in the Eat Well Nutrition Workshops will also receive recipes and a cookbook, tips to help keep families active, and small incentives to help live a healthy lifestyle. Registration is free to eligible individuals. For more information or to request a disability accommodation, contact Amanda at 207.564.3301 or 800.287.1491 (in Maine), TDD: 1.800.287.8957 or e-mail email@example.com.
- The Bloomfield Garden Club: The Bloomfield Garden Club in Skowhegan is looking for Master Gardener Volunteers to be guest speakers at some of their meetings in 2014. Some of the topics they would be interested in range from growing and pruning fruit trees, growing and care of small fruits, along with all topics centered around vegetable flower gardening. You may choose the topic of your interest to speak about. They would like the length of presentations to be between 45 minutes to 1 hour. For more information or to schedule a date for your presentation, please call Deb Burnham at 207.474.2162.
Did you go to the 4-H Parade this year? We celebrated 100 years of 4-H in Maine.
We’ll be posting photos from the parade; take a look!
Follow us at the Somerset County 4-H on our page on Facebook.
Give us a “LIKE” and help us create a new way to keep in touch!
(Leaders, please call us at 474-9622 or email if you have an event or interesting item to share, or if you would like a copy of a photo).
July brought the summer weather that we expect here in Maine: hazy, hot, humid, and dry. These conditions were great for growing fungus, molds, mildews, and disease. For information on pest and plant disease management, see Insect Pests & Plant Diseases or visit your local UMaine Extension county office.
Now we’re into August and wondering how did the season that we longed for back in February slip by so fast? Hopefully your gardens are producing more fruits and vegetables then you expected, and you may be looking to help out a local food pantry or maybe just donate food to an organization in your area. UMaine Extension has some helpful information about doing just that. See Bulletin #4303, A Donor’s Guide to Vegetable Harvest and Bulletin #4302, Food Safety for Food-Pantry Donations. Both publications are also available at your local UMaine Extension county office.
Things To Do in August
- Harvest your garlic, saving the best heads for replanting in October. Wait for the bottom 2 or 3 leaves to turn yellow. For more information, see our video on how to grow garlic in Maine or read Bulletin #2063, Growing Hardneck Garlic in Your Maine Garden.
- Sow another crop of peas, kale, beans, spinach or other short season vegetables. See all the ways you can get your garden going earlier in the spring, along with extending it later into the fall in Bulletin #2752, Extending the Gardening Season.
- Pay attention to your lawn. Now is the best time of year to plant and reseed your lawn. Learn more in Bulletin #2367, Establishing a Home Lawn in Maine.
- As areas in your garden become empty, amend your vegetable garden soil by sowing cover crops. These green manures will be turned under later to improve the soil texture and fertility. Visit Cornell University to learn more about cover crops.
Items of Interest
- What’s that plant? Have you ever asked yourself what’s that mysterious plant doing in my flower or vegetable garden? It’s hard to travel the country without noticing invasive and non-native plants alongside roads or train tracks. Kudzu, bittersweet, Canadian thistle, cheat grass … the list of invaders is very long and, unfortunately, growing. In the Ecological Landscaping Associations’ Newsletter you can find articles and information that take a look at managing and identifying non-native plants or check the status of alien plants in our area. Here are a few good websites:
- Fruit Growers Alert 7/26/2013: Spotted Wing Drosophila Activity Spreading: For the latest information on the (SWD) see the announcement posted with color pictures on the University of Maine Highmoor Farm Spotted Wing Drosophila webpage, where you can subscribe to updates. Please see the following for more integrated Pest Management resources:
Raised Bed Gardening Course: The raised bed gardening program is entering its fifth week of the six week schedule, with positive feedback from those in attendance. So far we have harvested over 45 pounds of produce midway into the season with much more to come. The produce has been donated to the Senior Companion Program here at the UMaine Extension Somerset County office. The harvest has consisted so far of Swiss chard, spinach, lettuce, onions, broccoli, cauliflower, zucchini, kale, beans, beets, beet greens, and tomatoes. Attendance has been great averaging of 15 to 20 participants attending each session.
- New Invasive Plants in Maine from Ken Canfield, District Forester, Maine Forest Service: There are some new invasive plants that have been either found in Maine or are getting close. New Invasive Plants (PDF) identifies these plants and those with which they may be confused. Garlic Mustard and Black Swallow-Wort are both all over Maine and can affect forestland. Japanese Stilt Grass is in New Hampshire and definitely affects forests. Yellow Flag Iris is a common landscaping plant in Maine that escapes into and takes over wetlands. Kudzu and Mile-a-Minute Weed are plants that were thought to be incapable of surviving our winters, but are now in Massachusetts and New Hampshire, and are headed our way. Another scary one that is already in Maine that was not included in the New Invasive Plants information is Hardy Kiwi. Hardy Kiwi is a favorite of permaculture people because the fruit is edible. Many of these plants are available to buy online and can be delivered to your front door, so they could be popping up anywhere. I was surprised to see how many of these plants have already been found in Aroostook County and Downeast.
- The University of Maine is pleased to announce a new UMaine Extension website resource from Andrew Plant and Ellen Mallory! Small grains have long played an important role in Maine agriculture, and their value is increasing with new and local markets for a greater variety of grains. You will find information on growing small grains and oil seeds for feed, food, and energy at the new UMaine Extension Grains & Oilseeds website.
- The Nations Oldest Consecutively Running Agricultural Fair: The Skowhegan State Fair will be celebrating 195 Years when it opens its gates on August 8, along with the 100 year celebration of the 4-H Program in Maine. Now is the time when fair season is in full swing. So get out and support your local agricultural fair. It’s a great way to have fun with the family. Please visit the following websites for more information.
- Forest Heritage Days 22nd Annual Celebration: August 9 – 10, 2013 in Greenville, Maine, everybody is invited to join this event to celebrate the various aspects of Maine’s forest heritage. For directions and more information, visit Forest Heritage Days 2013!
- 2013 Kennebec/Somerset Bulb Sale: Plant bulbs this fall to have flowers next spring and summer. Over the years we have been very happy with the quality of the Fedco bulbs. For those ordering the early bulbs, i.e. Day Lily, Peony, and Bearded Iris, we need to receive those orders by August 16. We hope you make some good selections and are ready to plant in October when the bulbs arrive. For more information or to have an order sheet mailed out, please call 207.622.7847 ext 3 or e-mail Dale Finseth at Dale@kcswcd.org.
- Maine Farm Days: Wednesday and Thursday, August 21 and 22 at Misty Meadows Farm in Clinton. There will be workshops for private pesticide applicators to earn credits on both days. See the workshop schedule. For more information, see Maine Farm Days.
Our deepest condolences go out to the family of Howard Daigle. Howard was a Master Gardener (2012) in Somerset County and volunteered in the community in many capacities. Howard’s kind words, great smile, and willingness to help others out where ever needed will be deeply missed by us all.
Just a reminder, please keep sending in your volunteer hours. Also the second half of the 2013 Master Gardener course will resume on Monday, September 9, here at the UMaine Extension office in Skowhegan from 9:00 to 12:00.
Wow! It’s July already and hopefully your gardens are doing well after all the cool rains we had in the month of June. Now all we have to do is make sure that we have an adequate water supply for those dry spells that we know will eventually come — and keep ahead of the weeds and insects. Oh, yes, and be on the lookout for those things that want to harvest the garden before we get the chance, such as woodchucks, deer, and insects. If you would like information on dealing with wildlife in you gardens, visit Wildlife Control Information from Cornell University. For information on insects and weeds, visit Insect Pests & Plant Diseases from UMaine Extension.
Also, if you are seeking help with supplying your gardens watering needs, UMaine Extension has helpful information on doing just that. See Bulletin #2160, Trickle Irrigation: Using and Conserving Water in the Home Garden or stop by your local UMaine Extension county office and ask for a copy. No wonder gardening is such fun; gardening fills each day with a new and interesting challenge!.
July is the month to
- Time to plant a fall vegetable crop. If you find yourself with space in your garden now, you still have time to plant for a fall crop and keep those areas productive. Beans, radishes, beets, carrots, cabbage, lettuce, and kale are a few of the plants that you can try for fall. If you’re worried about an early frost, see Bulletin #2761, Gardening in Small Spaces (scroll down to the section called “Season Extenders”).
- Check your vegetable and flower gardens for insect or disease pests at least once weekly. On a dry day, go into the garden to search for possible problems. Remember that early detection is the key to solving may garden problems. Don’t know what is the causing damage? Bring a sample into your local UMaine Extension county office or e-mail us a digital picture of the problem. Additional information is available at UMaine Extension’s Pest Management for Homeowners website.
Disease & Pest Alert
July is the time for Rose Chafers and Japanese Beetles, as well as the newest addition to our insect pest alert: the Spotted Wing Drosophila!
- Spotted Wing Drosophila, or SWD as it is called, has found its way into Maine and the Northeast. This insect attacks soft fruits such as blueberries, raspberries, strawberries, and grapes. For more information, watch our video Defending Against Spotted Wing Drosophila or get the latest news and information updates at UMaine’s Highmoor Farm website.
- The Rose Chafer is usually one of the first significant adult pests we see chomping on the foliage of many of our trees, flowering shrubs, and berries, as well as grapes and other plants. Arriving in mid- to late-June, it usually comes in about two or three weeks before the adult Japanese Beetles emerge to start their feeding frenzy! Visit Rose Chafers on the Maine.gov’s Got Pests? website for great pictures and information on this pest.
- Japanese Beetle: See Bulletin #5037, Japanese Beetle or visit your local UMaine Extension county office and ask for a copy.
- Forest & Shade Tree – Insect & Disease Conditions for Maine. The latest conditions report from the Maine Forest Service is available online, including information on the diseases effecting oak and pine trees in our area. You can view the report by visiting the Maine Forest Service website.
Items of Interest
- Summertime programs at Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens: Melissa Cullina, Director of Education and Staff Botanist at the Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens, invites you to experience Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens’ spectacular 250-acre landscape. The gardens and wild spaces are uniquely beautiful and always full of surprises! The theme for 2013 is Trees, Timbers and Traditions and encompasses the many facets of trees and their multitude of uses. Learn more about the Coastal Maine Botanical Garden.
- Tracking Downy Mildew of Impatiens, by Dr. Lois Berg Stack
Dear Maine Master Gardener,
As many of you discovered when you shopped for plants this spring, many Maine greenhouses and garden centers are not selling garden Impatiens, or have greatly reduced their crops. You probably also noticed the increased availability of other shade plants, like New Guinea Impatiens, coleus, and begonias, because they are not susceptible to a disease that has become very serious in much of the U.S.: impatiens downy mildew.
I’d like to ask for your help in an effort to map the occurrence of impatiens downy mildew in Maine. We know that it occurred in 2012, but we don’t know how widespread it was. Together, we can map it this summer.
This disease is easy to diagnose in a garden. Here is what you’ll see:
- The first symptom is a coating of white spores on the undersides of leaves, especially between the veins.
- As the disease progresses, leaves turn yellow and wilt, and flowers drop early.
- Eventually, most leaves fall off, leaving nearly bare stems sticking up.
- Finally, the stems soften and fall to the ground.
If you’re interested in helping, please send me an e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org and answer these questions:
- What symptoms do you see?
- Approximately how many impatient plants are in the planting?
- Is it in a commercial landscape, or in a municipal planting, or in a home garden?
- What town is it in?
- Is it urban, or suburban, or rural?
If you’re not sure about the diagnosis, send me a photo with your information. I’d be happy to respond to let you know if in fact it is impatiens downy mildew.
Thanks for considering this project! It’s a way that we can all work together to identify and understand a gardening problem, in order to plan for future garden success.
- Maine Audubon and Maine Inland Fisheries & Wildlife are seeking the help of Maine residents to identify the location of maternal bat colonies throughout the state (where female bats group together to raise their young). Information from citizen scientists will help establish a baseline for breeding bats. Interested volunteers can follow an established protocol for estimating colony size by counting the number of bats emerging at dusk. “Because of the devastation of WNS on bat colonies, we are even looking for historical information — if you know of a bat colony that has not seen activity this year, we still want to hear about it,” noted Susan Gallo, Maine Audubon wildlife biologist. For more information on this volunteer project visit the Maine Audubon website.
- Maine Home Garden News is published during the gardening season. Maine gardeners may access the most current gardening information each month by going to Maine Home Garden News.
- The Maine Association of Agricultural Fairs: Are you ready to get away from your garden and take in a look at the latest in farming, gardening, and generally everything else that’s been going on in agriculture? Well, you might want to attend one of the great fairs starting up in Maine this month. The Maine Association of Agricultural Fairs have posted their complete schedule online.
- Highmoor Farm Field Day and Summer Tour: July 31, 2013 from 9:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. This public field day at Highmore Farm in Monmouth, Maine will include tours of current research projects in tree fruit, vegetables, and berries. Participants may receive one Pesticide Applicator rectification credit for attending the morning program and one Pesticide Applicator rectification credit for attending the tree fruit tour or the berry and vegetable tour in the afternoon. Pre-registration is strongly encouraged. Please contact Pam St. Peter at email@example.com or 207.933.2100 to pre-register. Cost for this day is $20.00 per person. For more information and to view the day’s agenda, visit the Highmoor Farm website.
- The Margaret Chase Smith Library in Skowhegan is looking for a Master Gardener Volunteer to help maintain their gardens. For information on this project please phone Lynette King at 207.474.7133 (ext 101), or contact Tom Goodspeed at 207.474.9622 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.
To those of you who attended the June 15 work day here at the UMaine Cooperative Extension, Somerset County office. Due to your efforts, we were able to remove the star bed and get a start on the flagpole bed by getting rid of the weeds that had taken over. There’s still plenty of work left to be done and if you are looking for a volunteer project, this project is ongoing and needs you.
Just a reminder, please keep sending in your volunteer hours.
Have a great summer!
Wow, it’s June already! Gardening is now full speed ahead! With soil and weather temperatures warming up, it’s time to plant those warm weather crops you have been holding back on. Be sure to check the soil temperature before planting warm weather crops such as peppers, tomato, eggplant, and melons. They won’t do well with soil temperatures below 60 – 65 degrees.
June is the month to…
- Start planting. It’s not to late to start planting or put in a second planting of things like beans, radish, beets or maybe get in some parsnips that will be great when dug in late fall after a couple of frosts, or even better next spring after all the sugars have settled in them. Johnny’s Selected Seeds’ website offers many helpful interactive tools to help you with things such as succession planting and fall planting.
- Think ahead to those dry days coming up in July and August. Gardens need an inch to an inch and a half of water per week. For homeowners with roof gutters, consider installing a rain barrel beneath your down spout to collect water running off the roof. This is a great way to supplement your water supply to use in the garden. For information on how to save your back from lugging all that water, see Bulletin #2160, Trickle Irrigation: Using and Conserving Water in the Home Garden. June is a great time to start on these projects and be ready for the dry spells that are sure to be coming.
- Start repairs on the lawn that you may have put off until now or fertilize your lawn if needed. Lois Stack, UMaine Extension Ornamental Horticultural Specialist, shares some great tips for spring lawn care in Bulletin #2243, Maintaining a Home Lawn in Maine. For more information on lawns or lawn care, please see Bulletin #2367, Establishing a Home Lawn in Maine or our videos: How To Establish a Home Lawn in Maine, How To Maintain a Home Lawn in Maine, and To Rake or Not To Rake Your Lawn?
- Start scouting for weeds, insects, and disease problems that may be trying to get a head start around your yard or garden. Early detection is essential in combating and controlling those unwanted insects, diseases, and weeds. For information on these and much more, visit UMaine Extension Insects, Pests & Plant Diseases.
- If you’re growing strawberries you may want to check out the Strawberry IPM Newsletter. This newsletter is posted regularly throughout the season on the Highmoor Farm website, where you can subscribe to weekly updates. Includes color pictures.
Items of Interest
- Forest & Shade Tree – Insect & Disease Conditions for Maine – May 8, 2013 is now out online. Allison Kanoti of the Maine Forest Service sends along the following in formation:
Welcome to the 2013 growing season! As always, we are looking forward to a very busy season, with continuing initiatives on invasive forest insects and diseases, including a massive survey effort for the emerald ash borer (recently detected in New Hampshire, but not yet known to occur in Maine). In addition, our usual plant clinic diagnostic assistance will be available, along with the regular Condition Reports. To help accomplish all this, we invite you to assist with our mission. We ask you to be vigilant and to report to us any observations on tree insects and diseases of concern to you. We appreciate your willingness, expertise, and commitment to help keep our trees and forests healthy.
- Flower Philanthropy: Sharing a Bounty of Beauty. We grow all sorts of wonderful veggies and fruits to feed and fuel our bodies, but we also grow an abundance of beauty to feed our senses and souls. While it is certainly satisfying to share our edible abundance, in many ways it is a special joy to give away flowers. Bounty of Beauty is a great opportunity for those of you who love flowers and would enjoy sharing them with others. For more information, see Bounty of Beauty.
- Are you interested in preserving heirloom varieties of flowers and vegetables? If so, the following could be a great opportunity.
Greetings gardeners! The National Gardening Association is a proud sponsor of the Grow it Forward Heirloom Seed Contest. Gardeners from across the U.S. and Canada are coming together to grow over 1,400 heirloom plant varieties as part of a movement to preserve the legacy and diversity of these time-honored plants. To learn more, visit Grow It Forward.
- 2013 FAMACHA Workshops for Sheep and Goat Producers, June 1 & 15, 2013. If you are a sheep or goat producer and would like to gain the skills and knowledge to fight the barber pole worm (Haemonchus contorutus) in your sheep and goats, then the one-day FAMACHA workshop is for you. You will learn how to use the blood color of the capillaries around the eye of the sheep or goat to determine the degree of infection. The barber pole worm is a blood sucking internal parasite that is a common cause of death and poor-doing in small ruminants. The workshop will be presented by Dr. Thomas Settlemire and Dr. Richard Brzozowski. Participants will receive an information packet, record sheets, and a FAMACHA card.
- Fieldstone Gardens’ Open House. If you’re looking for information on trees, shrubs, and perennials, or would like to find that special item, take a trip to Fieldstone Gardens’ annual open house on Sunday, June 29 (the last Sunday of June) and enjoy a wonderful day in the garden in Vassalboro, Maine. There will be great sales on all trees, shrubs, perennials, and annuals. Also there will be a Walk & Talk with Steve Jones, where you will see many of the specimen plants around the property. For more information, see Fieldstone Gardens.
- Session #3 of Raised Bed & Container Gardening Series. If you missed the first two sessions, but would like to attend any of the upcoming events, please call the UMaine Extension Somerset County office at 207.474.9622 or 1.800.287.1495 (in Maine) to register for this course. The remainder of the course is listed below.
Session 3 – Caring for your Garden
Wednesday June 12, 2013 at 9:00 a.m.
Rain Date: Thursday June 13 at 9:00 a.m.
Session 4 – Extending Your Growing Season
Wednesday: July 17,2013 at 9:00 a.m.
Rain date: Thursday July 18 at 9:00 a.m.
Session 5 – Using your Harvest
Wednesday August 14, 2013 at 9:00 a.m.
Rain Date: Thursday August 15 at 9:00 a.m.
Session 6 – Putting your garden to bed
Wednesday September 25, 2013 at 9:00 a.m.
Rain Date: Thursday September 26 at 9:00 a.m.
To register for sessions, please call the UMaine Extension Somerset County office at 207.474.9622 or 1.800.287.1495 (in Maine). The course is free.
If you are a person with a disability and will need accommodations to participate in this program, please call Tom Goodspeed at 1.800.287.1495 (in Maine) to discuss your needs. Receiving requests for accommodations at least (10 days) before the program provides a reasonable amount of time to meet the request, however all requests will be accepted.
Master Gardeners Volunteers Needed
The Somerset County Master Gardener Volunteers are meeting on June 15 to work on the office landscape. Start time will be at 8:00 a.m. at the UMaine Extension Somerset County office in Skowhegan. If you have gardening tools (shovels, rakes, wheelbarrows, etc.) that you could bring to use, please do. For more information, contact Cheryl Perkins at email@example.com or contact Tom Goodspeed at 1.800.287.1495 (in Maine) or 207.474.9622 or firstname.lastname@example.org. Hope to see you there!
To Lynch Landscaping in Skowhegan for their generous offer to assist the Master Gardeners project in revitalizing the UMaine Extension Somerset County office flowerbeds. Their contribution of compost and topsoil will go a long way to getting the project done. John Lynch is a Master Gardener from the class of 2011. For information on Lynch Landscaping, please visit Lynch Landscaping.
Links to other websites are provided purely for educational purposes. No responsibility is assumed for any content on the linked sites. No endorsement of products or companies is intended, nor is criticism of unnamed products or companies implied.
Flowers are finally beginning to appear in the flower beds and the forsythia are starting to bloom. Planting the vegetable garden can’t be far behind. I know some of you have already started planting things like peas, spinach, and other cold tolerant crops, and then some are still waiting for their soil to warm and dry out enough to be able to plant. If you have questions on gardening, please ask an expert for help.
May is the month to:
- Start hardening off those seedlings you started earlier indoors and begin planting cold tolerant crops into the garden. In early May if you haven’t put in your peas already, now is a good time to get them in along with most greens (such as spinach, lettuce, Swiss chard, and more). One major factor to early planting is soil temperature and moisture in the soil. Too cold or wet soil may invite problems. To view the latest publications and videos on gardening in Maine, please visit our UMaine Extension’s gardening website.
- Need to repair dead spots in your lawn? Once your soil temperature has warmed to at least 55/60 degrees, you may go out and prepare your area by first raking out the dead grass and roughing up the soil. Then you are ready to fertilize and replant the effected area. Be sure to cover the area afterward with a thin layer of straw to protect the new seed from washing away in a heavy rain or to make it harder for the birds to find the seed. Once planted be sure that the area does not dry out. The ground should be kept moist until the grass is up through the straw. You can find more information on lawns and lawn care in Bulletin #2367, Establishing a Home Lawn in Maine, by Lois Berg Stack, UMaine Extension ornamental horticulture specialist.
- May is a great time to plant new trees and shrubs. With all the renewed interest in non-invasive plants and planting native plants in the landscape, Lois Stack, Ormantel Horticulature Specialist at the UMaine Extension, has compiled information on Gardening to Conserve Maine’s Native Landscape (Bulletin #2500).
- If you’re planning on growing your own strawberries this year and have already put in your order, May is the time you will want to start preparing the site you have chosen to locate them in. As with all first time garden areas you will want to get a soil test done by the University of Maine Soil Test Laboratory to determine what steps you need to take to get your soil suitable for growing strawberries. Check out our video on How To Grow Strawberries: Planting A Strawberry Bed or Bulletin #2067, Growing Strawberries.
The Northeast Livestock Exposition
- Will be held May, 17, 18, and 19 at Windsor Fairgrounds with many past favorites and new events for youth! For more information on this event, visit Northeast Livestock Expo. To register, click on Youth. New this year will be a market lamb sale with a jackpot show at Skowhegan Fair! Local breeders will be offering great market lambs for youth to purchase for Maine market lamb shows and sales.
Raised Bed Gardening Series
- The second session of our raised bed gardening series will be held on May 15 and we will be focusing on starting your garden. If you haven’t signed up for this session, but would like to, please call 207.474.9622 or 1.800.287.1495 (in Maine) to register.
Northern New England Home, Garden, and Flower Show
- Celebrate the arrival of spring with them at the 11th Annual Home Garden Flower Show at Fryeburg Fairgrounds, May 17, 18 & 19, 2013 with great exhibitors, garden centers, and awesome fair food! For more information, visit the Fryeburg Home Show website.
Somerset County Soil & Water Conservation District
- 2013 TROUT SALE! The deadline for the trout sale is May 10, 2013. Prices for Brook Trout or Rainbow Trout are the same as last year. PICK UP DAY for trout will be Wednesday May 15. For more information, see Somerset County Soil and Water Conservation District website.
Discover Gorgeous Gardens!
- The Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens invite you to experience their spectacular 250 acres of gardens and landscapes. Their gardens and wild spaces are uniquely beautiful and always full of surprises, including 11,000 tulips in the spring!
If you’re a Maine resident, stop by (with ID) for free admission during Maine Days at the Gardens, 9:00-5:00 throughout Memorial Day weekend, May 25-27.
Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens is open daily year-round. The Gardens Gift Shop is now open for the season, and the Kitchen Garden Cafe opens May 1.
Items of Interest
Emerald Ash Borer
- The Emerald Ash Borer has now been found in New Hampshire. Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) was found in Concord, NH, in March 2013. EAB attacks ash trees, and is responsible for the death of millions of ash trees in the mid-west. For more information, visit Protecting New Hampshire Trees and Forests. For information on the state of Maine’s’ efforts in detecting and preventing the Emerald Ash Borer, please visit Purple Traps and the Emerald Ash Borer.
Farm to School Meeting
- UMaine Extension will host a Farm to School meeting Thursday, May 9, 2013 at the UMaine Extension Penobscot County Office, Bangor, ME at 7:00 p.m. At this free event growers, school food service directors, and the general public will learn about school lunch requirements, acquire strategies for building successful local procurement relationships, and network for the 2013 season. A guest farmer, food service director, and Maine State Child Nutrition Services employee will be on hand to share their experiences with Farm to School and answer questions. For more information and to RSVP, please e-mail Food Corps Service Member Zoe Hastings at email@example.com
2013-2014 New England Small Fruit Management Guide
- Copies of the 2013-2014 New England Small Fruit Management Guide are now available at Highmoor Farm. The guide contains the latest information on management control options for the major small fruit pests as well as scouting information. Cost of the guide is $10.00 plus $2.53 postage for a total of $12.53. Copies of the 2012-2013 New England Vegetable Management Guide with color pictures of the important pests and diseases are also available at Highmoor Farm. Cost of the guide is $25.00 plus $3.43 postage for a total of $28.43. To order the guides, please send your check made payable to UMaine Cooperative Extension mailed to: Highmoor Farm, P.O. Box 179, Monmouth, Maine 04259, attention Pam St. Peter. For more information, contact Pam St. Peter at 933.2100 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Forest Hills School Second Grade Receives Grant to Grow!
- Forest Hills School is pleased to announce that second grade teacher Marisa Achey was chosen by Johnny’s Selected Seeds to support their growing projects in her classroom. They will be receiving a shipment of seeds shortly.
Mrs. Achey has been active in the 5, 2, 1, 0 (five or more fresh fruits and vegetables, two hours or less of recreational screen time, one or more hour of physical activity, and zero sugary drinks) for over a year, bringing lots of healthy learning activities into her classroom. “Farmer Joe” (Joe Bergeron) has adopted the classroom and the students have enjoyed cooking lessons and lots of fresh produce grown in the library’s window.
To learn more about this project and farmer Joe, visit thelazyjway.com.
A big heart felt Thank You Goes out to Master Gardener Mark Sheriff and Wendy Sheriff, owners of Avalon Acres Farm & Orchard for hosting this years’ Apple Pruning Field Day. This event has become an annual right of spring held at their orchard in St. Albans. This year we had a great turnout for the event with 75 people attending, representing 5 counties (Somerset, Kennebec, Piscataquis, Penobscot, and Waldo). Information was shared on pruning, planting, grafting, and growing, along with a tour of the farm and fresh bake goodies and hot drinks on a very windy, cold, information-filled day. If you’re in the area, stop at Avalon Acres Farm and pick up some farm fresh fruits and vegetables.