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Research Projects - Leadership in Public Policy and Administration

Authors: Fred H. Carter


This qualitative research project examines the history of leadership theory, comparing traditional leadership theories and principles with contemporary leadership practices and considering both Eastern and Western cultural traditions. At its heart is the question, “What is leadership?” Although the term leadership remains undefined, this research proposes an Elemental Theory of Leadership that describes the context within which leadership – especially, public leadership – happens. The research may be of value in gaining a practical understanding of leadership and leadership theories.


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Department of Public Administration
5723 DP Corbett Business Building, Room 209
Orono, ME 04469
Phone: (207) 581-1973 | Fax: (207) 581-1930
The University of Maine
Orono, Maine 04469