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Lobster Institute

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Life of the American Lobster - Habitat

Where do Lobsters Live?
The American lobster can be found on the east coast of North American, from Newfoundland to North Carolina. Small lobsters (less than 1.5″ carapace lenght) are very cryptic, hiding in and about sea weeds and rocky habitat that provide adequate food and shelter from predators. Adolescent lobsters (1.5″ – 3.5″ carapace length) dominate coastal habitats and offshore areas. They generally exhibit minimal migratory behavior. Larger, more mobile, adult lobsters may inhabit deeper waters but return seasonally to shallow warmer waters.

Where are Lobsters Caught?
Viable lobster fisheries are found in the North Atlantic from the Long Island Sound areas of New York & Connecticut up to Newfoundland. About 62% of lobster landings are in Canada and 38% in the U.S.   Maine lands approximately 62% of the U.S. catch, followed by Massachusetts at 18%.  Lobsters have been caught as far south as Virginia.

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Contact Information

Lobster Institute
5722 deering hall room 114
Orono, ME 04469
Phone: (207) 581-2751 | Fax: (207) 581-2744E-mail:
The University of Maine
Orono, Maine 04469
A Member of the University of Maine System