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Collections - MF 013 “Cranberry Culture in Massachusetts” Interviews

Number of Interviews: 20
Dates when interviews were conducted: 1982-1983
Time period covered: 1900-1983
Principal interviewers: Stephen Cole and Linda Gifford
Finding Aides: transcripts
Access Restrictions: Permission of the Director required for copying or quoting for publication.

Description: A series of 20 accessions featuring interviews done by Stephen Cole and Linda Gifford (1982-1983) documenting cranberry growing in southeastern Massachusetts. Interviewees talk about A. D. Makepeace Co.; picking cranberries in the 1940s and 50s; making cranberry scoops & boxes; building sand jalopies; repairing picking machines; overseeing screenhouses and canning plants; changes in technology and marketing; the Fuller-Hammond Co.; competition between cranberry marketing cooperatives; early years of the cranberry industry; Cape Cod life in the nineteenth century; supplying shooks, barrels and boxes to growers; Cranberry Red, a 1938 novel about Cape Verdean bog laborers; the Cranberry Experiment Station in Wareham, Mass; Ocean Spray Cranberry Co.; Bailey Company; John J. Beaton Distributing Agency; and the traditional harvest of cranberries carried out on Gay Head by the Wampanoags. Towns discussed include; Carver, Wareham, East Sandwich, and Cotuit.

1645 Cole, Stephen and Gifford, Linda. Fall 1982. Mass.: Harwich. 25 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ trans. Interview with Mary Peterson Simpson about the cranberry bogs and businesses in the Carver, Mass, area. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. RESTRICTED. P5455 / T1765

1646 Cole, Stephen. Winter 1983. Mass.: Wareham. 23 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ trans. Interview with Richard Kiernan, foreman for A. D. Makepeace Co., about the cranberry growing business in Wareham, Mass, area. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. RESTRICTED. P5455 / T1766

1647 Cole, Stephen. Winter 1983. Mass.: East Sandwich. 58 pp. Tape: 2 hrs. w/ trans. Interview with Augusta Carleton Jillson, 90, Annie Carleton Lloyd, 88, and Amy Carleton, 82, about their father’s old-time cranberry business in East Sandwich. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. RESTRICTED. P5456 / T1767, T1770

1648 Gifford, Linda. Winter 1983. Mass.: Marion, 27 pp. Tape: 3/4 hr. w/ trans. Interview with Doris Gomes about experiences of a Cape Verdean woman picking cranberries in the 1940’s and 50’s. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. RESTRICTED. P5460 / T1768

1649 Cole, Stephen. Winter 1983. Mass.: Wareham. 34 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ trans. Interview with Ernest D. Howe, 75, about his lifetime work for the A. D. Makepeace Co. making cranberry scoops & boxes, building sand jalopies, repairing picking machines, and overseeing screenhouses and canning plants. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. RESTRICTED. P5457 / T1769

1650 Cole, Stephen. Winter 1983. Mass.: Cotuit. 23 pp. Tape: 1 hr w/ trans. Interview with Katherine and Malcolm Ryder, 87, about their cranberry growing business in the Cotuit area; changes in technology and marketing. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. RESTRICTED. T1771

1651 Cole, Stephen. Winter 1983. Mass.: East Wareham. 25 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ trans. Interview with Robert C. Hammond, 71, director of the Fuller-Hammond Co., about the cranberry growing business,and competition between cranberry marketing cooperatives. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. RESTRICTED. P5458 / T1772

1652 Cole, Stephen and Gifford, Linda. Winter 1983. Mass.: Onset. 53 pp. Tape: 1 1/2 hrs. w/ trans. Interview with Antone Jesus, 92, worker and bog foreman for the Fuller—Hammond Co. for sixty years; shipping out on a New Bedford whaler, c. 1900. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. RESTRICTED. P5459 / T1773 – T1774

1659 Cole, Stephen. Spring 1983. Mass.: Dennis. 33 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ trans. Interview with William E. Crowell, 79, about owning and managing cranberry bogs on Cape Cod and in the Wareham area; the early years of the cranberry industry; Cape Cod life in the last century. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. RESTRICTED. P5461 / T1777

1660 Cole, Stephen. Spring 1983. Mass.: North Carver. 64 pp. Tape: 1 1/2 hrs. w/ trans. Interview with Lawrence and Ruth Cole about owning and running a cranberry growing business. Recounts history of his family who supplied shooks, barrels and boxes to growers over several generations; tales of growers and growing in the past. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. RESTRICTED. P5462 / T1778 – T1779

1661 Cole, Stephen. Spring 1983. Mass.: Plymouth. 17 pp. Tape: 1/2 hr. w/ trans. Interview with Edward B. Garside, author of a 1938 novel, Cranberry Red, which depicts the hardships faced by the largely Cape Verdean bog laborers and the discrimination they endure. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. RESTRICTED. P5463 / T1780

1662 Cole, Stephen. Spring 1983. Mass.: West Carver. 33 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ trans. Interview with Wilho and Lillian Harju, of Finnish descent, about owning and running a small cranberry business. Mrs. Harju discusses her life as a bog worker along side her husband; Mr. Harju, his collection of cranberry memorabilia. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. RESTRICTED. P5464 / T1781

1663 Cole, Stephen. Spring 1983. Mass.: Nantucket. 20 pp. Tape: 3/4 hr. w/ trans. Interview with W. Marland Rounsvilie about his work for the Cranberry Experiment Station in Wareham, Mass, and as manager of the bogs for the Nantucket Cranberry Co. in the late thirties. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. RESTRICTED. T1782

1664 Cole, Stephen. Spring 1983. Mass.: Hanson. 19 pp. Tape: 1/2 hr. w/ trans. Interview with Ellen Stillman about her work as vice president of advertising for the Ocean Spray Cranberry Co. in the 1940’s and ‘50’s. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. RESTRICTED. P5465 / T1783

1665 Cole, Stephen. Spring 1983. Mass.: Wareham. 25 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ trans. Interview with Maurice B. Makepeace, 76, treasurer of the A. D. Makepeace Co., about the financial workings of this large family cranberry business. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. RESTRICTED. P5466 / T1784

1666 Cole, Stephen. Spring 1983. Mass.: Cotuit. 17 pp. Tape: 1/2 hr. w/ trans. Interview with Phillip Brackett about his small, old-time Cape Cod cranberry growing business. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. RESTRICTED. P5467 / T1785

1767 Cole, Stephen. Spring 1983. Mass.: South Carver. 25 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ trans. Interview with Eunice Bailey and Jennie (Bailey) Shaw about the Bailey Company which made equipment for the cranberry industry; photo, P5975. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. T1866

1768 Cole, Stephen. Summer 1983. Mass.: Buzzard’s Bay. 30 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ trans. Interview with Gilbert T. Beaten about the John J. Beaton Distributing Agency, the largest independent growers and shippers of cranberries in the region. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. P5976 / T1867

1769 Cole, Stephen. Fall 1983. Mass.: Marion. 36 pp. Tape: 1 hr. w/ trans. Interview with Vincent and Beatrice Pina about seasonal work on the cranberry bogs and life in general in the Cape Verdean community. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. P5977 / T1868

1770 Cole, Stephen. Fall 1983. Mass.: Gay Head on Martha’s Vineyard. 19 pp. Tape 3/4 hr. w/ trans. Interview with Leonard F. Vanderhoop, Sr. about the traditional harvest of cranberries carried out on Gay Head by the Wampanoags. Cranberry Culture in Mass. Project. P5978 / T1869


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