Educational Programs - 4-H Sustainable Living Program (SLP)
Conducting your Service Learning Project
Adapted from University of Maine 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Bryant Pond training by Athena Palmer and Mitch Mason
Welcome to your guide in planning a service learning project through the Sustainable Living Program (SLP). There are four easy steps for your SLP group to complete:
|1.||Background research: look at other service learning projects on the web and in your community.|
|2.||Complete activities to prepare your SLP group to create a project: discuss the meaning of service learning, complete the Reflection Grid, review S.M.A.R.T. goals and the scientific method.|
|3.||Plan your groups service learning project. Share the results with Athena Palmer, the SLP Coordinator.|
|4.||Do the project!|
Before you start planning your service learning project it may be best to review the three questions below first:
What is service-learning?
“Service-learning is a strategy that integrates community needs, intentional learning objectives, and structured opportunities for reflection. Service-learning projects take community service or volunteer projects to the next level by emphasizing both service and learning to create a more meaningful experience for youth.” (Iowa State University, Extension and Outreach)
How does service-learning differ from community service?
While working on a community service project your focus is not necessarily to learn while you serve. With a service-learning project you are specifically designing a learning opportunity that will also benefit and serve your community. For instance, a community service project may be cleaning trash off local trails or streets. However if this is transformed into a service-learning project, the youth may try to determine the source of the litter, weigh how much is collected, and try to develop a solution or way of reducing the amount of litter that reaches the trails or streets.
What is a service-learning project?
A service-learning project is a project developed by youth that focuses on an area of need they identify within their community. This project will provide an opportunity for youth to learn, as well as positively influence their community, and also to build skills and real world experience. These projects are not typically “one-time” efforts. The boundaries of service learning projects are almost limitless, and for the Sustainable Living Project they can be focused on an array of sustainability and environmental concerns (i.e. how far away does your food come from and why eating locally may be the best option, why are we seeing an increase in Maine’s invasive species populations, what is the health of our local ecosystems and how do we protect them from pollution, how are builders increasing the energy efficiency in local homes and businesses) within local communities; or globally if the group is VERY ambitious.
Reviewing the questions above with your SLP members prior to planning your service learning project will allow them to fully understand why they are creating a project, it’s importance, and how it will effect their community. Now guide your group members through the four easy steps in planning a service learning project.
Let’s Get Started!
Step 1. Background Research
Time: 60 minutes of research, 15-20 minutes of group discussion
Provide your SLP members with resource links similar to the ones listed below that they can research. These links give some examples of service-learning projects that have been completed in other parts of the country. After the youth have done some background research , hold a 15-20 minutes group discussion. At the discussion youth can state which was their favorite example (and why) and which one they would NOT want to do (and why). Service-learning project examples:
SLP Coordinator favorite examples:
A potential collaborative project, The FIG Project:
Step 2. Activities to prepare SLP youth to develop or choose a project
Time: 90 minutes
There are four activities to do with the youth before they are ready to select their service learning project. These activities provide information to make a good decision while moving the youth into a service learning “state of mind.”
Activity 1. Define service-learning, how it differs from community service, and discuss some of the project examples that they thought may be appropriate for their community. (15 minutes)
Activity 2. Complete the Reflection Grid (printable version: word pdf ). Ask the youth to list three statements for each of the cells in the grid (example below). It is OK if the statements they provide don’t seem to relate to a potential service-learning project. Then provide time for youth to discuss some of their ideas and opinions. (25-30 minutes)
|Yourself||Your School||Your Community|
|Positive Aspects of:||
|Things you want to change about:||
Activity 3. Review the definition of S.M.A.R.T. goals with SLP youth and why the goals are important: “S.M.A.R.T. goals will help guide you to create a practical service-learning project and if followed, will also provide your project with a better chance of success” . Later, when youth brainstorm specific ideas for a project, refer back to this discussion to determine if a project idea is S.M.A.R.T. (15 minutes)
S.M.A.R.T. stands for:
- Specific: Goals should be straightforward and detailed. They should clearly state what you are going to do.
- Measurable: You should make sure you can measure or judge your progress toward meeting your goals. Identifying specifically how you will be able to measure your progress is an important step.
- Attainable: Your goals should be challenging to you. However, a goal shouldn’t be so far outside of your reach that you wouldn’t have the opportunity to meet it.
- Realistic: The goals you set should be do-able. If your goal is realistic, that means you have a plan that you know you can follow to reach your goal.
- Time bound: Set a timeframe for working toward your goal. Putting an endpoint on your goal will give you a specific target to aim for.
Examples of SMART goals:
- I am going to walk 5 miles every day in order to be healthier
- I am going to read 2 chapters of a book every night so I can become a better reader through practice
- I will take three deep breaths when I find myself getting frustrated so I can calm myself down before acting.
Activity 4. Review the steps to use the scientific method for problem solving. One of the goals of SLP is that youth learn to use a logical and thoughtful decision making process in all aspects of their lives. (30 minutes)
Here is a model of the scientific process that youth might use to develop their service learning project:
|1||Identify the problem that is
observed (an area of concern/need
in your local community related to sustainable living and the environment).
|2||Ask a question or make a
|3||Research the background/history
of the problem.
| When did it start?
How has it come to be a problem?
What factors may be contributing to, or impacting the problem?
|4||Develop a plan, method, experiment,
or procedure that you believe will
help change or fix the problem.
|5||Put your plans in motion.
If possible collect data (i.e. take measurements, document observations)
using resources like your field
notebooks, cameras, GPS units, or
|Month 1: Weight of garbage bag normally (lbs)||Month 2: Weight of garbage bag while composting (lbs)|
|6||Analyze what you did, saw,
collected, or found.Try to use tools such as graphs, diagrams, charts, tables, or lists to analyze your data/ observations.
|The chart below shows the plotted data from the example problem above. It shows that generally, the weight of the Palmer families waste before using a compost pile was generally higher than the families waste after using the compost pile|
|7||Draw conclusions and determine your findings based on your analysis.Was your hypothesis true or false? Was it partially true? Did your efforts solve or positively impact the original problem? What could you do the next time to get better results, or did you accomplish your group’s goals?||
|8||Share your conclusions/findings with other SLP groups, and people throughout your community.||
Step 3. Identify and Plan the Service Learning Project
Time: 30-40 minutes to complete these tasks:
- On a large piece of paper or whiteboard, brainstorm project ideas with the youth based on their work in steps 1 & 2 (at least two ideas per member).
- Identify those projects on the list that interest them most. Try and narrow the list down to 2-3 choices.
- Ask these questions about each of the remaining project choices and remove choices that don’t have a “yes” answer:
Is this project practical for the time and resources we have? (S.M.A.R.T.)
Does this project fit an identified problem in the community?
- If there is more than once project left on the list, it is time select your project – take it to a vote!
- Share the service learning project with SLP Coordinator (email@example.com) for final approval and credit.
Step 4. Do Your Project
Time: depends – but keep it S.M.A.R.T.