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Fact Sheet No. 245, UMaine Extension No. 2198

Prepared by David E. Yarborough and Timothy M. Hess, The University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469.  Replaces March 1987 by Tom DeGomez, David Yarborough and Christopher Campbell. Revised April 2002.

Cow or Tufted Vetch, Vicia cracca
Herbaceous flowering trailing perennial, flowers July-August on one side of inflorescence.  Small hairs cover a slender trailing stem 2′-4′ long.  Eight to 24 narrow, leaflets are 3/4″-1″ long and 1/8″ wide with a pair of tendrils at each leaf’s end.  Violet flowers are 1/2″ long, seed pods 3/4″-1″ long and 1/4″ wide producing five to eight seeds.

Cow or Tufted Vetch 	  Cow or Tufted Vetch in field.
Figure 1: Cow or Tufted Vetch
Cow or Tufted Vetch
Figure 2: Cow or Tufted Vetch

Low-running Blackberry, Rubus flagellaris
Biennial, trailing vine, flowers April-May.  Thorny, sometimes hairy  branches 4″-12″ long.  Leaves oval to lance shaped with 3-7 leaflets.  Flowers with five petals, 1″ across and appear to have fuzzy centers.  Compound fruits 1/2″-1″ long and edible.

Low-running Blackberry
Figure 3: Low-running Blackberry
Low-running Blackberry
Figure 4: Low-running Blackberry

Strawberry, Fragaria virginiana
Flowering, herbaceous perennial, flowers April-June.  Stout crown formed at ground level, leaf stalks 2″-6″ long, hairy, generally have leaves with 3 oval serrated leaflets. Flowers white, 5 petaled, 1/2″-1″ wide usually no taller than leaves.  Fruit red, round and juicy with seeds deeply imbedded in flesh.

Figure 5: Strawberry

Common Cinquefoil, Potentilla simplex
Flowering herbaceous, perennial, flowers May-July.  Short rootstocks give way to slender stems that run 3′ or less along the ground.  Five leaflets toothed for 3/4 of their length and 3/4″-2 1/2″ long.  Flowers 1/4″-1/2″ wide with yellow petals on long stalks arising from leaf axis.

Common Cinquefoil
Figure 6: Common Cinquefoil

Three-toothed Cinquefoil, Potentilla tridentata
Flowering, herbaceous perennial, flowers June-August.  Stems woody at base with often 2-3 plants arising from base.  Leaves 1/2″-1″ long, dark green and shiny above, pale and hairy below with 3 leaflets with three-toothed tips.  White flowers 1/4″-1/2″ wide in branched cluster.

Three-toothed Cinquefoil
Figure 7: Three-toothed Cinquefoil
Three-toothed Cinquefoil
Figure 8: Three-toothed Cinquefoil

Information in this publication is provided purely for educational purposes. No responsibility is assumed for any problems associated with the use of products or services mentioned. No endorsement of products or companies is intended, nor is criticism of unnamed products or companies implied.

© 1987, 2002

Published and distributed in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Acts of Congress of May 8 and June 30, 1914, by the University of Maine and the U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. Cooperative Extension and other agencies of the USDA provide equal opportunities in programs and employment. Call 800.287.0274 or TDD 800.287.8957 (in Maine), or 207.581.3188, for information on publications and program offerings from University of Maine Cooperative Extension, or visit

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