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Fact Sheet No. 243, UMaine Extension No. 2196

Prepared by David E. Yarborough and Timothy M. Hess, The University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. Replaces March 1987 by Tom DeGomez, David Yarborough and Christopher Campbell. Revised April 2002.

Sheep-laurel, Lambkill, Kalmia angustifolia
Flowering perennial shrub, flowers from June-July.  Short, erect, woody shrub up to 3′ tall.  Persistent leaves in whorls of three, oblong, dark green above, light green below and waxy, 1″-2.5″ long 1/4″-7/8″ wide, turn brownish in fall. Flowers crimson 1/4″-1/2″ wide, set in a cluster 3/4 up stem.

Sheep laurel
Figure 1: Sheep-laurel
Figure 2: Sheep-laurel

Bunchberry, Cornus candensis
Flowering herbaceous perennial, flowers mid May-June with wild blueberries.  Stem is 3″-9″ high and woody at base with 4-6 terminally whorled leaves with 1 or 2 pairs of smaller leaves below.  Leaves acute at both ends with 2-3 lateral veins arising from the mid vein.  Flowers solitary on a short stem with 4 white involucral bracts.  Bright red berries develop by late summer.

Figure 3: Bunchberry
Figure 4: Bunchberry
Figure 5: Bunchberry

Meadow Sweet, Spiraea latifolia
Flowering perennial shrub.  Erect, woody, shrub 2′-6′ with reddish stems.  Leaves lance shaped, finely toothed, 1″-2″ long and 1/4″-1.25″ wide.  Terminal inflorescence usually pyramidal shaped, flowers 5 part, white to pink 1/16″-1/4″ wide in dense groups.

Meadow sweet
Figure 6: Meadow Sweet

Sweet Fern, Comptonia peregrina
Perennial shrub, flowering April-May.  Woody shrub up to 3′ tall with erect or spreading branches.  Leaves and stems covered with hairs.  Leaves are alternate, linear 3″-6″ long and deeply lobed.  Leaves and stems fragrant when crushed.

Sweet fern
Figure 7: Sweet fern
Sweet fern
Figure 8: Sweet fern

Rose, Rosa virginiana
Flowering perennial, thorny shrub up to 6′ tall, flowers May-July.  New growth with stout, paired sometimes recurved thorns.  Alternate leaves compound with 5-11 oval toothed leaflets.  Leaflets shiny and green above and paler below.  Often fragrant.

Figure 9: Rose bush
Figure 10: Rose flower

Information in this publication is provided purely for educational purposes. No responsibility is assumed for any problems associated with the use of products or services mentioned. No endorsement of products or companies is intended, nor is criticism of unnamed products or companies implied.

© 1987, 2002

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