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Fact Sheet No. 242, UMaine Extension No. 2195

Prepared by David E. Yarborough and Timothy M. Hess, The University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469. Replaces March 1987 by Tom DeGomez, David Yarborough and Christopher Campbell. Revised April 2002.

Hairy Goldenrod, Solidago hispida 

Herbaceous, flowering perennial, flowers August-October.  Stems 1.5′-3′ tall, stout and very hairy.  Leaves oval, very hairy, 2″-5″ long and 1″-2″ wide.  Flowers orange-yellow in terminal clusters that are longer than broad.

Canada Goldenrod, Solidago canadensis
Herbaceous flowering perennial, flowers August-October.  Stems smooth 1′-5′ tall, leaves narrowly lance shaped, sharply toothed, 2″-5″ long and 0.25″-0.75″ wide.  Small orange-yellow pyramidal flower heads with conspicuously recurved branches, usually borne in the upperside of the inflorescence.

Lance-leafed Goldenrod, Solidago graminifolia
Herbaceous flowering perennial, flowers July-September.  Stems 2′-4′ tall, rough and branched at the top.  Leaves 1″-5″ long and 1/8″-1/2″ wide.  Flattish flower cluster is made up of small, orange-yellow flowers and found at tips of terminal branches.

Hairy goldenrod
Figure 1: Hairy Goldenrod
Canada Goldenrod
Figure 2: Canada Goldenrod
Lance-leafed Goldenrod
Figure 3: Lance-leafed Goldenrod

New England Aster, Aster novae-angliae
Many asters are found in Maine wild blueberry fields.  New England Aster is shown as an example.  Herbaceous flowering perennial.  Stems 2′-8′ tall, stout, bristly and branched near top.  Leaves lance-shaped, 2″-5″ long and 0.5″-1″ wide clasping large stem.  Flower heads at the end of branches, 1″-2″ wide, ranging in color from violet-purple to rose or white with sticky hairs.

New England Aster
Figure 4: New England Aster
New England Aster
Figure 5: New England Aster

Black-Eyed Susan, Rudbeckia serotina
Herbaceous flowering biennial or perennial.  Flowers May to September.  Stems 1′ to 3′ tall, stems bristly, erect, with few branches.  Leaves at base lance shaped, on upper stem narrow.  Flower heads at end of long stalks, 2″-4″ wide, orange-yellow.  Center of flower head a mass of purplish brown minute flowers.  Seed about 1/8″ long.

Black Eyed Susan
Figure 6: Black Eyed Susan
Black-eyed susan
Figure 7: Black Eyed Susan

Information in this publication is provided purely for educational purposes. No responsibility is assumed for any problems associated with the use of products or services mentioned. No endorsement of products or companies is intended, nor is criticism of unnamed products or companies implied.

© 1987, 2002

Published and distributed in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Acts of Congress of May 8 and June 30, 1914, by the University of Maine and the U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. Cooperative Extension and other agencies of the USDA provide equal opportunities in programs and employment. Call 800.287.0274 or TDD 800.287.8957 (in Maine), or 207.581.3188, for information on publications and program offerings from University of Maine Cooperative Extension, or visit

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