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Cooperative Extension: Maine Wild Blueberries


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SWD Update from Frank Drummond – August 19,2014

Last week (Aug 19th) SWD trap captures in both the Blue Hill and Jonesboro area remained stable with little change in adult captures compared to the previous week (Blue Hill = 10-20 flies/trap; Jonesboro = 4-6 flies/trap).  As of last week we have not detected any SWD in fruit samples. We will be sampling the traps and fruit again early this week (Aug 26) and let you know what we are finding.  We suspect that fruit infestation will start to occur fairly soon, at least in the Blue Hill area. If you have not harvested your fields yet, please maintain your SWD trapping program.

Please contact David Yarborough or Frank Drummond if you any questions and/or concerns.

 

SWD Update from Frank Drummond – August 18, 2014

Last week (Aug 13th) SWD trap captures in the Blue Hill area started to increase dramatically to 10-20 flies/trap. In the Columbus and Jonesboro area trap capture increased to 4-6 SWD/trap. As of last week there was still NO detectable SWD larval infestations in the fruit. We will be sampling the traps and fruit again early this week (Aug 19-20) and let you know what we are finding. We suspect that fruit infestation will start to occur fairly soon, at least in the Blue Hill area. If you have not harvested your fields yet, please maintain your SWD trapping program.

SWD Update from Frank Drummond – August 13, 2014

SWD adults are still being trapped in single numbers. This suggests that the population has not started to build yet, although it is anticipated that this might occur in the next 7-10 days.  As of yet, we have NOT yet found any wild blueberry fields that have SWD infested berries, although blueberry maggots have been found in fruit.  Most of our sampling has been from Stockton Springs to the Downeast area. Our recommendation is to be vigilant and continue to monitor traps, harvest fields as soon as you can, and protect those crops that will not be harvested for some time providing that SWD has been found in traps in those fields. There are still some fields that have NOT detected SWD yet.

SWD Update from Frank Drummond – July 28, 2014

Last week we captured SWD in traps that were placed in Jonesboro. So far, SWD has been captured in a few fields in Coastal Maine, the Blue Hill area and in Jonesboro. SWD was also captured in Nova Scotia last week. Please deploy traps if you have not already done so and monitor them at least on a weekly basis. If you capture a male SWD, protect your crop with an insecticide. (see the SWD ID factsheet on the wild blueberry website:
http://umaine.edu/blueberries/factsheets/insects/spotted-wing-drosophila-identification-guide/)

SWD Management Recommendations Fact Sheet

Attached is a fact sheet for SWD management in Michigan Highbush bluberries (SWD Management for Michigan Blueberries_June 21 2014) , which is very informative and includes a table with rain steadfast properties of some of the SWD insecticides.

Here is the link to the the SWD Management for Michigan Blueberries  http://www.ipm.msu.edu/uploads/files/SWD/SWDManagementforMichiganBlueberries_-June212014.pdf

Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) September 3, 2013

SWD trap captures in Washington County remained steady and similar to last week. At the University of Maine Blueberry Hill Farm, we continue to capture anywhere from 1 to 30 flies per trap; and the proportion of fruit that have SWD larvae appears to be very low (less than 1 %) as we still have not detected any in our fruit samples.   

The harvest is beginning to wind down in many areas; however, if you still have fruit to harvest you should continue to monitor for this pest and protect your fruit if necessary. This is especially true in the southern and mid-coast part of Maine. In these regions fruit infestation is being found and individual trap captures range from 0 – 200 flies / trap with flies being caught in every field that is being monitored.

SWD captures were continuing to build in Michigan’s highbush blueberry fields last week. Most growers were getting very good control with the recommended insecticides, but some growers were suffering a breakdown and getting infested fruit with SWD…THEREFORE, IF YOU HAVE NOT HARVESTED AND SWD CAPTURES ARE BUILDING, YOU SHOULD BE CONSERVATIVE AND PROTECT YOUR CROP UNLESS YOU CAN HARVEST IT IN THE NEXT FEW DAYS.

WE WILL CONTINUE TO MONITOR TRAPS AND CHECK FOR FRUIT INFESTATION THIS WEEK.

NOTE:  Please refer any questions, comments or concerns to Frank Drummond, 1.800.897.0757 (Maine only) or 207.581.2989, frank.drummond@umit.maine.edu or to Dave Yarborough, 1.800.897.0757 or 207.581.2923, davidy@maine.edu.

SWD updates will only be sent out and posted on our blog when we have trap captures.

Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) August 26, 2013

SWD trap captures continue to build throughout the state.  At the University of Maine Blueberry Hill Farm, we are now catching 10-30 flies/trap.  Traps in other areas downeast are now capturing 30+ flies/trap.  These SWD continue to be mostly females; however, males appear to be making up a larger percentage than in previous weeks.  The increasing trap captures is evidence of fly reproduction and subsequent fruit attack. The proportion of fruit that have SWD larvae still appears to be very low; we have not yet detected any in fruit samples.  

Please continue to monitor and protect your fruit if necessary from this pest. Also, it looks as if the early harvesting that has been taking place all over the state will certainly pay dividends this year if we can get much of the crop in before significant damage starts to be detected.   Just remember that based upon last year’s monitoring, this pest can explode in numbers very quickly from just a few flies to hundreds / trap…so do not relax too much!   This is especially true as we get close to September. Last year SWD trap captures by September were averaging 40-50 flies/trap! 

NOTE:  Please refer any questions, comments or concerns to Frank Drummond, 1-800-897-0757 (Maine only) or 581-2989, frank.drummond@umit.maine.edu or to Dave Yarborough, 1-800-897-0757 or 581-2923, davidy@maine.edu.

SWD updates will only be sent out and posted on our blog when we have trap captures.

Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) August 20, 2013

This summer appears to be a bit different than last year, the first year that we experienced SWD. It does appear that SWD is starting to build, evidence being multiple captures of 2-7 flies/trap with a few males being captured. However, the buildup appears to be slow and there are still several fields that have NOT captured any SWD yet. As far as blueberry growing regions go, SWD captures have occurred everywhere at this point with the highest numbers in the southern coastal area. Because of the evidence of reproduction in the field, resulting in fruit infestation, I suggest monitoring and if you have caught a single male SWD or multiple females then you should harvest that field immediately or protect it with an insecticide. I still believe we are safe from fields having significant damage as we have not been finding SWD larvae in fruit samples as of yet.

As I stated last week, please continue to monitor and protect your fruit if necessary from this pest. Also, it looks as if the early harvesting that has been taking place all over the state will certainly pay dividends this year if we can get much of the crop in before significant damage starts to be detected. Just remember that based upon last year’s monitoring, this pest can explode in numbers very quickly from just a few flies to hundreds/trap…so do not relax too much! 

NOTE:  Please refer any questions, comments or concerns to Frank Drummond, 1-800-897-0757 (Maine only) or 581-2989, frank.drummond@umit.maine.edu or to Dave Yarborough, 1-800-897-0757 or 581-2923, davidy@maine.edu.

SWD updates will only be sent out and posted on our blog when we have trap captures.

Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) August 13, 2013

Trap captures of spotted wing drosophila continue to occur throughout the state, BUT appear to have jumped up a bit. There are still some fields that have not had trap captures and many have had just the 1 or 2 SWD. However, late last week  in southern Maine, trap captures jumped quickly with one small fruit field in Bowdoinham having over 200 SWD in a trap! Yesterday in Jonesboro we were finding 2-15 flies/trap in fields that a week ago just had either no captures or 1 SWD in a trap. Therefore, this is evidence that SWD are beginning to multiply in blueberries. The infestation must be still very low. We took fruit samples yesterday in the fields that had increasing SWD trap captures and we still did not detect larvae in the fruit and so the infestation is most likely spotty in the fields and at very low levels. However, from last year it became apparent that SWD can build up very rapidly.

Please continue to monitor and protect your fruit if necessary from this pest. Also, it looks as if the early harvesting that has been taking place all over the state will certainly pay dividends this year if we can get much of the crop in before significant damage starts to be detected.

NOTE: SWD updates will only be made when we have trap captures.  Please refer any questions, comments or concerns to Frank Drummond, 1-800-897-0757 (Maine only) or 581-2989, frank.drummond@umit.maine.edu or to Dave Yarborough, 1-800-897-0757 or 581-2923, davidy@maine.edu.

Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) August 4, 2013

As of last week, trap captures of spotted wing drosophila continue to occur throughout the state. There have only been a few fields at this point where multiple flies are being caught. Most fields either have had NO trap captures yet OR just one or two SWD. We have identified SWD larvae in fresh fruit from Coastal Maine, but fruit still appear to be free of larvae in the Downeast region. I suspect that SWD larvae might be appearing in more fields over the next few weeks. At this date many larvae have been observed in fruit, but they have almost all been larvae of the blueberry fly (BMF).  The abundance of this pest is extremely high this year and can be very damaging. Please continue to monitor and protect your fruit if necessary from this pest.

Both larvae of SWD and BMF are a translucent white color. The BMF larvae are pointed in the front and very thick and blunt at the rear and so they resemble more of a cigarette that has one end twisted to a point. The SWD larvae are pointed at BOTH the front and the rear.

I will let everyone know when I start finding or hear about others finding SWD larvae Downeast.

NOTE:  SWD updates will only be made when we have trap captures. Please refer any questions, comments or concerns to Frank Drummond, 1-800-897-0757 or 581-2989, frank.drummond@umit.maine.edu or to Dave Yarborough, 1-800-897-0757 or 581-2923, davidy@maine.edu.


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Cooperative Extension: Maine Wild Blueberries
5741 Libby Hall
Orono, Maine 04469-5741
Phone: 207.581.3188, 800.287.0274 (in Maine) or 800.287.8957 (TDD)E-mail: extension@maine.edu
The University of Maine
Orono, Maine 04469
207.581.1110
A Member of the University of Maine System